Statistical information Honduras 2000Honduras

Map of Honduras | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Honduras in the World
Honduras in the World

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Honduras - Introduction 2000
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Background: Part of Spain's vast empire in the New World Honduras became as independent nation in 1821. After two and one-half decades of mostly military rule a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan government and an ally to Salvadoran government forces fighting against leftist guerrillas.


Honduras - Geography 2000
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Location: Middle America bordering the Caribbean Sea between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the North Pacific Ocean between El Salvador and Nicaragua

Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N 86 30 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee

Land boundaries

Coastline: 820 km

Maritime claims

Climate: subtropical in lowlands temperate in mountains

Terrain: mostly mountains in interior narrow coastal plains

Elevation

Natural resources: timber gold silver copper lead zinc iron ore antimony coal fish hydropower
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 740 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: frequent but generally mild earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast

Geography


Honduras - People 2000
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Population: 6,249,598
Growth rate: 2.52% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: 50% (1992 est.)

Nationality

Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90% Amerindian 7% black 2% white 1%

Languages: Spanish Amerindian dialects

Religions: Roman Catholic 97% Protestant minority

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.52% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 32.65 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 5.31 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -2.17 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water) as well as several rivers and streams with heavy metals; severe Hurricane Mitch damage

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 31.29 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 4.26 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Honduras - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: democratic constitutional republic

Capital: Tegucigalpa

Administrative divisions: 18 departments (departamentos singular - departamento); Atlantida Choluteca Colon Comayagua Copan Cortes El Paraiso Francisco Morazan Gracias a Dios Intibuca Islas de la Bahia La Paz Lempira Ocotepeque Olancho Santa Barbara Valle Yoro

Dependent areas

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday: Independence Day 15 September (1821)

Constitution: 11 January 1982 effective 20 January 1982; amended 1995

Legal system: rooted in Roman and Spanish civil law with increasing influence of English common law; recent judicial reforms include abandoning Napoleonic legal codes in favor of the oral adversarial system; accepts ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia judges are elected for four-year terms by the National Congress

Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Arturo CORRALES Alvarez president]; Democratic Unification Party or PUD [Gustavo GARCIA Espana president]; Honduran National Party or PNH [leader NA]; Liberal Party or PL [Jorge REINA president]; National Innovation and Unity Party-Social Democratic Party or PINU-SD [Olban VALLADARES president]; National Party of Honduras or PN [Porfirio LOBO Sega president]

International organization participation: BCIE CACM ECLAC FAO G-77 IADB IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ITU LAES LAIA (observer) MINURSO NAM OAS OPANAL OPCW PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WCL WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Honduras: three equal horizontal bands of blue (top) white and blue with five blue five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band; the stars represent the members of the former Federal Republic of Central America - Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras and Nicaragua; similar to the flag of El Salvador which features a round emblem encircled by the words REPUBLICA DE EL SALVADOR EN LA AMERICA CENTRAL centered in the white band; also similar to the flag of Nicaragua which features a triangle encircled by the word REPUBLICA DE NICARAGUA on top and AMERICA CENTRAL on the bottom centered in the white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Honduras - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Honduras spent 1999 primarily recovering from Hurricane Mitch which killed more than 5,000 people and caused about $3 billion in damage. Although it is slated to receive about $2.76 billion in international aid the economy shrank 3% with widening current account and fiscal deficits in 1999. It nevertheless met most of its macroeconomic targets and 2000 should see economic recovery as reconstruction projects make progress and the agricultural sector recovers. Honduras may also get relief from its $4.4 billion external debt under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -3% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: bananas coffee citrus; beef; timber; shrimp

Industries: sugar coffee textiles clothing wood products

Industrial production growth rate: 9% (1992 est.)

Labor force: 2.3 million (1997 est.)
By occupation agriculture: 29%
By occupation industry: 21%
By occupation services: 60% (1998 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 12% (1999); underemployed 30% (1997 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 50% (1992 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 14% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.6 billion (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: coffee bananas shrimp lobster meat; zinc lumber
Partners: US 73% Japan 4% Germany 4% Belgium Spain (1998)

Imports: $2.7 billion (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment industrial raw materials chemical products fuels foodstuffs
Partners: US 60% Guatemala 5% Netherlands Antilles Japan Germany Mexico El Salvador (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $4.4 billion (1999)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: lempiras (L) per US$1 - 14.5744 (January 2000) 14.5039 (1999) 13.8076 (1998) 13.0942 (1997) 12.8694 (1996) 10.3432 (1995)


Honduras - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 2.904 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 2.742 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 16 million kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 57 million kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Honduras - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1995)

Telephone system: inadequate system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Honduras - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $33 million (FY98)
Percent of gdp: 0.6% (FY98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Honduras - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 119 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 465 km navigable by small craft

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Honduras - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: the Honduras-El Salvador Border Protocol ratified by Honduras in May 1999 established a framework for a long-delayed border demarcation which is currently underway; with respect to the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador Honduras and Nicaragua likely would be required; maritime boundary dispute with Nicaragua in the Caribbean Sea

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for drugs and narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis cultivated on small plots and used principally for local consumption; corruption is a major problem


Volotea Air


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