Statistical information Hungary 2000Hungary

Map of Hungary | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Hungary in the World
Hungary in the World

Sightseeing Pass


Hungary - Introduction 2000
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Background: Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire which collapsed in World War I. It fell under communist rule following World War II. A revolt in 1956 and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact was met with massive military intervention by Moscow. In the more open GORBACHEV years Hungary led the movement to dissolve the Warsaw Pact and steadily shifted toward multiparty democracy and a market-oriented economy. Following the collapse of the USSR in 1991 Hungary developed close political and economic ties to Western Europe. It joined NATO in 1999 and is a frontrunner in a future expansion of the EU.


Hungary - Geography 2000
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Location: Central Europe northwest of Romania

Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N 20 00 E

Map referenceEurope

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than Indiana

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate; cold cloudy humid winters; warm summers

Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains; hills and low mountains on the Slovakian border

Elevation

Natural resources: bauxite coal natural gas fertile soils arable land
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 2,060 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards

Geography
Note: landlocked; strategic location astride main land routes between Western Europe and Balkan Peninsula as well as between Ukraine and Mediterranean basin


Hungary - People 2000
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Population: 10,138,844 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: -0.33% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: 25.3% (1993 est.)

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Hungarian 89.9% Roma 4% German 2.6% Serb 2% Slovak 0.8% Romanian 0.7%

Languages: Hungarian 98.2% other 1.8%

Religions: Roman Catholic 67.5% Calvinist 20% Lutheran 5% atheist and other 7.5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -0.33% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 9.26 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 13.34 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 0.73 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: the approximation of Hungary's standards in waste management energy efficiency and air soil and water pollution with environmental requirements for EU accession will require large investments

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 9.15 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.25 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Hungary - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Budapest

Administrative divisions: 19 counties (megyek singular - megye) 20 urban counties* (singular - megyei varos) and 1 capital city** (fovaros); Bacs-Kiskun Baranya Bekes Bekescsaba* Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen Budapest** Csongrad Debrecen* Dunaujvaros* Eger* Fejer Gyor* Gyor-Moson-Sopron Hajdu-Bihar Heves Hodmezovasarhely* Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok Kaposvar* Kecskemet* Komarom-Esztergom Miskolc* Nagykanizsa* Nograd Nyiregyhaza* Pecs* Pest Somogy Sopron* Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg Szeged* Szekesfehervar* Szolnok* Szombathely* Tatabanya* Tolna Vas Veszprem Veszprem* Zala Zalaegerszeg*

Dependent areas

Independence: 1001 (unification by King Stephen I)

National holiday: Saint Stephen's Day 20 August (commemorates the coronation of King Stephen I in 1000 AD)

Constitution: 18 August 1949 effective 20 August 1949 revised 19 April 1972; 18 October 1989 revision ensured legal rights for individuals and constitutional checks on the authority of the prime minister and also established the principle of parliamentary oversight; 1997 amendment streamlined the judicial system

Legal system: rule of law based on Western model

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Orszaggyules (386 seats; members are elected by popular vote under a system of proportional and direct representation to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Constitutional Court judges are elected by the National Assembly for nine-year terms

Political parties and leaders: Alliance of Free Democrats or SZDSZ [Balint MAGYAR chairman]; Christian Democratic People's Party or KDNP [Gyorgy GICZY president]; Hungarian Civic Party or FIDESZ [Laszlo KOVER chairman]; Hungarian Democratic Forum or MDF [Ibolya DAVID chairman]; Hungarian Democratic People's Party or MDNP [Erzsebet PUSZTAI chairman]; Hungarian Justice and Life Party or MIEP [Istvan CSURKA chairman]; Hungarian Socialist Party or MSZP [Laszlo KOVACS chairman]; Hungarian Workers' Party or MMP [Gyula THURMER chairman]; Independent Smallholders or FKGP [Jozsef TORGYAN president]

International organization participation: ABEDA Australia Group BIS CCC CE CEI CERN EAPC EBRD ECE EU (applicant) FAO G- 9 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IEA IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU NAM (guest) NATO NEA NSG OAS (observer) OECD OPCW OSCE PCA PFP UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNFICYP UNHCR UNIDO UNIKOM UNMIBH UNMIK UNOMIG UNU UPU WEU (associate) WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO ZC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Hungary: three equal horizontal bands of red (top) white and green

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Hungary - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Hungary continues to demonstrate strong economic growth and to work toward accession to the European Union. Over 85% of the economy has been privatized. Foreign ownership of and investment in Hungarian firms has been widespread with cumulative foreign direct investment $21 billion by 1999. Hungarian sovereign debt is now rated investment grade. GDP growth of 4% in 1999 will likely be matched or even exceeded in 2000. Inflation while diminished is still high at 10%. Economic reform measures include regional development encouragement of small- and medium-size enterprises and support of housing.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: wheat corn sunflower seed potatoes sugar beets; pigs cattle poultry dairy products

Industries: mining metallurgy construction materials processed foods textiles chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals) motor vehicles

Industrial production growth rate: 6% (1999 est.)

Labor force: 4.2 million (1997)
By occupation services: 65%
By occupation industry: 27%
By occupation agriculture: 8% (1996)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 25.3% (1993 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 10% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $22.6 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: machinery and equipment 51.9% other manufactures 32.7% agriculture and food products 10.5% raw materials 2.9% fuels and electricity 1.9% (1998)
Partners: Germany 37% Austria 11% Italy 6% Netherlands 5% (1998)

Imports: $25.1 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: machinery and equipment 46.5% other manufactures 40.2% fuels and electricity 6.6% agricultural and food products 3.7% raw materials 3.0% (1998)
Partners: Germany 28% Austria 10% Italy 8% Russia 7% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $27 billion (1999)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: forints per US$1 - 251.150 (January 2000) 237.146 (1999) 214.402 (1998) 186.789 (1997) 152.647 (1996) 125.681 (1995)


Hungary - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 35.104 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 33.317 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 3.3 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 3.97 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Hungary - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1.269 million (1995)

Telephone system: the telephone system has been modernized and is capable of satisfying all requests for telecommunication service

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Hungary - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $732.2 million (FY99)
Percent of gdp: 1.4% (FY99)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Hungary - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 43 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 5 (1999 est.)

Pipelines: crude oil 1204 km; natural gas 4,387 km (1991)

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 1373 km permanently navigable (1997)

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Hungary - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: ongoing Gabcikovo Dam dispute with Slovakia

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: major transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and cannabis and transit point for South American cocaine destined for Western Europe; limited producer of precursor chemicals particularly for amphetamines and methamphetamines


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