Statistical information Kuwait 2000Kuwait

Map of Kuwait | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Kuwait in the World
Kuwait in the World

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Kuwait - Introduction 2000
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Background: Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment a US-led UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that completely liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait has spent more than $5 billion dollars to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.


Kuwait - Geography 2000
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Location: Middle East bordering the Persian Gulf between Iraq and Saudi Arabia

Geographic coordinates: 29 30 N 45 45 E

Map referenceMiddle East

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

Land boundaries

Coastline: 499 km

Maritime claims

Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers; short cool winters

Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert plain

Elevation

Natural resources: petroleum fish shrimp natural gas
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 20 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April; they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year but are most common between March and August

Geography
Note: strategic location at head of Persian Gulf


Kuwait - People 2000
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Population: 1,973,572
Growth rate: 3.44% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Kuwaiti 45% other Arab 35% South Asian 9% Iranian 4% other 7%

Languages: Arabic (official) English widely spoken

Religions: Muslim 85% (Sunni 45% Shi'a 40%) Christian Hindu Parsi and other 15%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.44% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 22.04 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 2.45 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 14.77 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 11.55 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 3.26 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Kuwait - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: nominal constitutional monarchy

Capital: Kuwait

Administrative divisions: 5 governorates (muhafazat singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi Al Farwaniyah Al 'Asimah Al Jahra' Hawalli

Dependent areas

Independence: 19 June 1961 (from UK)

National holiday: National Day 25 February (1950)

Constitution: approved and promulgated 11 November 1962

Legal system: civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: adult males who have been naturalized for 30 years or more or have resided in Kuwait since before 1920 and their male descendants at age 21

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: High Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders: none

International organization participation: ABEDA AfDB AFESD AL AMF BDEAC CAEU CCC ESCWA FAO G-77 GCC IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO (pending member) ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC ISO (correspondent) ITU NAM OAPEC OIC OPCW OPEC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Kuwait: three equal horizontal bands of green (top) white and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Kuwait - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Kuwait is a small relatively open economy with proved crude oil reserves of about 94 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP 90% of export revenues and 75% of government income. Kuwait lacks water and has practically no arable land: thus preventing development of agriculture. With the exception of fish it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Higher oil prices reduced the budget deficit from $5.5 billion to $3 billion in 1999 and prices are expected to remain relatively strong throughout 2000. The government is proceeding slowly with reforms. It inaugurated Kuwait's first free-trade zone in 1999 and will continue discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.1% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: practically no crops; fish

Industries: petroleum petrochemicals desalination food processing construction materials salt construction

Industrial production growth rate: 1% (1997 est.)

Labor force: 1.3 million (1998 est.)
By occupation government and social services: 50%
By occupation services: 40%
By occupation industry and agriculture: 10% (1996 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 1.8% (official 1996 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $13.5 billion (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: oil and refined products fertilizers
Partners: Japan 24% India 16% US 13% South Korea 11% Singapore 8% (1997)

Imports: $8.1 billion (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: food construction materials vehicles and parts clothing
Partners: US 22% Japan 15% UK 13% Germany 8% Italy 6% (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $9.27 billion (1998 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Kuwaiti dinars (KD) per US$1 - 0.3042 (January 2000) 0.3044 (1999) 0.3047 (1998) 0.3033 (1997) 0.2994 (1996) 0.2984 (1995)


Kuwait - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 26.995 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 25.105 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Kuwait - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 150,000 (1996)

Telephone system: the civil network suffered some damage as a result of the Gulf war but most of the telephone exchanges were left intact and by the end of 1994 domestic and international telecommunications had been restored to normal operation; the quality of service is excellent

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Kuwait - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $2.518 billion (FY99/00)
Percent of gdp: 8% (FY99/00)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Kuwait - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 7 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 2 (1999 est.)

Pipelines: crude oil 877 km; petroleum products 40 km; natural gas 165 km

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Kuwait - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: in November 1994 Iraq formally accepted the UN-demarcated border with Kuwait which had been spelled out in Security Council Resolutions 687 (1991) 773 (1993) and 883 (1993); this formally ends earlier claims to Kuwait and to Bubiyan and Warbah islands; ownership of Qaruh and Umm al Maradim islands disputed by Saudi Arabia

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Volotea Air


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