Statistical information Liechtenstein 2000Liechtenstein

Map of Liechtenstein | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Liechtenstein in the World
Liechtenstein in the World


Liechtenstein - Introduction 2000
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Background: The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719; it became a sovereign state in 1806. Until the end of World War I it was closely tied to Austria but the economic devastation caused by that conflict forced Liechtenstein to conclude a customs and monetary union with Switzerland. Since World War II (in which Liechtenstein remained neutral) the country's low taxes have spurred outstanding economic growth.

Liechtenstein - Geography 2000
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Location: Central Europe between Austria and Switzerland

Geographic coordinates: 47 10 N 9 32 E

Map referenceEurope

Comparative: about 0.9 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: continental; cold cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm cloudy humid summers

Terrain: mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third


Natural resources: hydroelectric potential arable land
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: along with Uzbekistan one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world; variety of microclimatic variations based on elevation

Liechtenstein - People 2000
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Population: 32,207 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 1.02% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: Alemannic 87.5% Italian Turkish and other 12.5%

Languages: German (official) Alemannic dialect

Religions: Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 7.4% unknown 7.7% other 4.9% (1996)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.02% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 11.83 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 6.64 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 5.03 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.07 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.49 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Liechtenstein - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: hereditary constitutional monarchy

Capital: Vaduz

Administrative divisions: 11 communes (Gemeinden singular - Gemeinde); Balzers Eschen Gamprin Mauren Planken Ruggell Schaan Schellenberg Triesen Triesenberg Vaduz

Dependent areas

Independence: 23 January 1719 Imperial Principality of Liechtenstein established; 12 July 1806 established independence from the Holy Roman Empire

National holiday: Assumption Day 15 August

Constitution: 5 October 1921

Legal system: local civil and penal codes; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Diet or Landtag (25 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote under proportional representation to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Oberster Gerichtshof; Superior Court or Obergericht

Political parties and leaders: Fatherland Union or VU [Dr. Oswald KRANZ]; Progressive Citizens' Party or FBPL [Norbert SEEGER]; The Free List or FL [Christel HILTI Hansjorg HILTI Helen MARXER Hugo RISCH Margrit WILLE]

International organization participation: CE EBRD ECE EFTA IAEA ICRM IFRCS Intelsat Interpol IOC ITU OPCW OSCE PCA UN UNCTAD UPU WCL WIPO WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Liechtenstein does not have an embassy in the US but is represented by the Swiss embassy in routine diplomatic matters
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Liechtenstein but the US Ambassador to Switzerland is also accredited to Liechtenstein

Flag descriptionflag of Liechtenstein: two equal horizontal bands of blue (top) and red with a gold crown on the hoist side of the blue band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Liechtenstein - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Despite its small size and limited natural resources Liechtenstein has developed into a prosperous highly industrialized free-enterprise economy with a vital financial service sector and living standards on a par with the urban areas of its large European neighbors. Low business taxes - the maximum tax rate is 18% - and easy incorporation rules have induced about 73,700 holding or so-called letter box companies to establish nominal offices in Liechtenstein providing 30% of state revenues. The country participates in a customs union with Switzerland and uses the Swiss franc as its national currency. It imports more than 90% of its energy requirements. Liechtenstein has been a member of the European Economic Area (an organization serving as a bridge between European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and EU) since May 1995. The government is working to harmonize its economic policies with those of an integrated Europe.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: wheat barley corn potatoes; livestock dairy products

Industries: electronics metal manufacturing textiles ceramics pharmaceuticals food products precision instruments tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 22,891 of which 13,847 are foreigners; 8,231 commute from Austria and Switzerland to work each day
By occupation industry trade and building: 45%
By occupation services: 53%
By occupation agriculture fishing forestry and horticulture: 2% (1997 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 1.8% (February 1999)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 0.5% (1997 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.47 billion (1996)
Commodities: small specialty machinery dental products stamps hardware pottery
Partners: EU and EFTA countries 60.57% (Switzerland 15.7%) (1995)

Imports: $917.3 million (1996)
Commodities: machinery metal goods textiles foodstuffs motor vehicles
Partners: EU countries Switzerland (1996)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $0 (1996)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Swiss francs franken or franchi (SFR) per US$1 - 1.5878 (January 2000) 1.5022 (1999) 1.4498 (1998) 1.4513 (1997) 1.2360 (1996) 1.1825 (1995)

Liechtenstein - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 150 million kWh (1995)

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports: NA kWh

Electricity imports: NA kWh

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Liechtenstein - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system: automatic telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Liechtenstein - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Liechtenstein - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: none

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Liechtenstein - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: claims 1600 km² of land in the Czech Republic confiscated from its royal family in 1918; the Czech Republic insists that restitution does not go back before February 1948 when the communists seized power

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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