Statistical information Malta 2000Malta

Map of Malta | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Malta in the World
Malta in the World


Malta - Introduction 2000
top of page

Background: Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Over the last 15 years the island has become a major freight transshipment point financial center and tourist destination. It is an official candidate for EU membership.

Malta - Geography 2000
top of page

Location: Southern Europe islands in the Mediterranean Sea south of Sicily (Italy)

Geographic coordinates: 35 50 N 14 35 E

Map referenceEurope

Total: 316 km²
Land: 316 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 NM
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 25 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: Mediterranean with mild rainy winters and hot dry summers

Terrain: mostly low rocky flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs

Extremes lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)

Natural resources: limestone salt arable land
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 32%
Permanent crops: 3%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 4%
Other: 61% (2000 est.)

Irrigated land: 11.45 km² (2000 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: the country comprises an archipelago with only the three largest islands (Malta Ghawdex or Gozo and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries particularly for oil exploration

Malta - People 2000
top of page

Population: 394,583 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.74% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)

Languages: Maltese (official) English (official)

Religions: Roman Catholic 91%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 19.98% (male 40,791; female 38,062)
15-64 years: 67.49% (male 133,914; female 132,402)
65 years and over: 12.53% (male 20,643; female 28,771) (2000 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.74% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 12.75 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 7.7 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 2.39 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination
International agreements party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
International agreements signed but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.94 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.92 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Malta - Government 2000
top of page

Country name

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Valletta

Administrative divisions: none (administered directly from Valletta)

Dependent areas

Independence: 21 September 1964 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 21 September (1964)

Constitution: 1964 constitution substantially amended on 13 December 1974

Legal system: based on English common law and Roman civil law; has accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives (usually 65 seats; note - additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority; current total: 65 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Constitutional Court judges are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister; Court of Appeal judges are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister

Political parties and leaders: Alternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice or AD [Harry VASSALLO]; Malta Labor Party or MLP [Alfred SANT]; Nationalist Party or PN [Edward FENECH ADAMI]

International organization participation: C CCC CE EBRD ECE EU (applicant) FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IFAD IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM (observer) ISO (correspondent) ITU NAM OPCW OSCE PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WCL WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Malta: two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross edged in red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Malta - Economy 2000
top of page

Economy overview: Major resources are limestone a favorable geographic location and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs has limited freshwater supplies and has no domestic energy sources. The economy is dependent on foreign trade manufacturing (especially electronics and textiles) and tourism; the state-owned Malta drydocks employs about 3,800 people. In 1999 over 1 million tourists visited the island. Per capita GDP of $13,800 places Malta in the ranks of the less affluent EU countries. The island is divided politically over the question of joining the EU. The sizable budget deficit remains a key concern.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: potatoes cauliflower grapes wheat barley tomatoes citrus cut flowers green peppers; pork milk poultry eggs

Industries: tourism; electronics ship building and repair construction; food and beverages textiles footwear clothing tobacco

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 143,700 (October 1997)
By occupation industry: 24%
By occupation services: 71%
By occupation agriculture: 5% (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5.5% (September 1999)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.8% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.8 billion (f.o.b. 1998)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment manufactures
Partners: France 20.7% US 18.1% Germany 12.6% UK 7.7% Italy 4.8% (1998)

Imports: $2.7 billion (f.o.b. 1998)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment manufactured goods; food drink and tobacco
Partners: Italy 19.3% France 17.8% UK 12.4% Germany 10.5% US 8.9% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $130 million (1997)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Maltese liri (LM) per US$1 - 0.4086 (January 2000) 0.3994 (1999) 0.3885 (1998) 0.3857 (1997) 0.3604 (1996) 0.3529 (1995)

Malta - Energy 2000
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.62 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 1.507 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Malta - Communication 2000
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 15,650 (1999)

Telephone system: automatic system satisfies normal requirements

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Malta - Military 2000
top of page

Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $201 million (FY98/99)
Percent of gdp: 5.5% (FY98/99)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Malta - Transportation 2000
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km



Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Malta - Transnational issues 2000
top of page

Disputes international: Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries particularly for oil exploration

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: minor transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Western Europe

Crystal Travel

You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it