Statistical information Niger 2000Niger

Map of Niger | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Niger in the World
Niger in the World

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Niger - Introduction 2000
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Background: Not until 1993 33 years after independence from France did Niger hold its first free and open elections. A 1995 peace accord ended a five-year Tuareg insurgency in the north. Coups in 1996 and 1999 were followed by the creation of a National Reconciliation Council that effected a transition to civilian rule in December 1999.


Niger - Geography 2000
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Location: Western Africa southeast of Algeria

Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N 8 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: desert; mostly hot dry dusty; tropical in extreme south

Terrain: predominately desert plains and sand dunes; flat to rolling plains in south; hills in north

Elevation

Natural resources: uranium coal iron ore tin phosphates gold petroleum
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 660 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: recurring droughts

Geography
Note: landlocked


Niger - People 2000
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Population: 10,075,511 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 2.75% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Hausa 56% Djerma 22% Fula 8.5% Tuareg 8% Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3% Arab Toubou and Gourmantche 1.2% about 1200 French expatriates

Languages: French (official) Hausa Djerma

Religions: Muslim 80% remainder indigenous beliefs and Christians

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.75% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 51.45 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 23.17 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.75 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: overgrazing; soil erosion; deforestation; desertification; wildlife populations (such as elephant hippopotamus giraffe and lion) threatened because of poaching and habitat destruction

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 124.9 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 7.16 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Niger - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: Niamey

Administrative divisions: 7 departments (departements singular - departement) and 1 capital district* (capitale district); Agadez Diffa Dosso Maradi Niamey* Tahoua Tillaberi Zinder

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Republic Day 18 December (1958)

Constitution: the constitution of January 1993 was revised by national referendum on 12 May 1996 and again by referendum on 18 July 1999

Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (83 seats members elected by popular vote for five-year terms)

Judicial branch: State Court or Cour d'Etat; Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Rally of the People-Jama'a or RDP-Jama'a [Hamid ALGABID]; Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama or CDS-Rahama [Mahamane OUSMANE]; Movement for Development and Progress-Alkwali or MDP-Alkwali [Mai Manga BOUCAR chairman]; National Movement for a Developing Society-Nassara or MNSD-Nassara [Tandja MAMADOU chairman]; National Union of Independents for Democratic Renewal or UNIRD [Moutari MOUSSA]; Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Social Progress-Zaman Lahiya or ANDPS-Zaman Lahiya [Moumouni Adamou DJERMAKOYE]; Nigerien Democratic Front-Mutunci or FDN-Mutunci [Ide OUMAROU]; Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism-Tarayya or PNDS-Tarayya [Mahamadou ISSOUFOU]; Nigerien Social Democrat Party-Alheri or PSDN-Alheri [Malam Adji WAZIRI]; Party for People's Dignity-Daraja or PDP-Daraja [Ali TALBA chairman]; Union of Democratic Patriots and Progressives-Chamoua or UPDP-Chamoua [Professor Andre' SALIFOU chairman]; Union for Democracy and Social Progress-Amana or UDPS-Amana [Mohamed ABDULLAHI]; Union of Popular Forces for Democracy and Progress-Sawaba or UFPDP-Sawaba [Djibo BAKARY]; Workers' Movement Party-Albarka or PMT-Albarka [Omar Idi ANGO]

International organization participation: ACCT ACP AfDB CCC ECA ECOWAS Entente FAO FZ G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF Intelsat Interpol IOC ITU MIPONUH NAM OAU OIC OPCW UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WADB WAEMU WCL WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Niger: three equal horizontal bands of orange (top) white and green with a small orange disk (representing the sun) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of India which has a blue spoked wheel centered in the white band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Niger - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Niger is a poor landlocked Sub-Saharan nation whose economy centers on subsistence agriculture animal husbandry reexport trade and increasingly less on uranium its major export since the 1970s. The 50% devaluation of the West African franc in January 1994 boosted exports of livestock cowpeas onions and the products of Niger's small cotton industry. The government relies on bilateral and multilateral aid - which was suspended following the April 1999 coup d'etat - for operating expenses and public investment. Short-term prospects depend on upcoming negotiations with the World Bank and the IMF on debt relief and extended aid.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cowpeas cotton peanuts millet sorghum cassava (tapioca) rice; cattle sheep goats camels donkeys horses poultry

Industries: uranium mining cement brick textiles food processing chemicals slaughterhouses

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 70,000 receive regular wages or salaries
By occupation agriculture: 90%
By occupation industry and commerce: 6%
By occupation government: 4%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 4.8% (1999)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $269 million (f.o.b. 1997)
Commodities: uranium ore 65% livestock products cowpeas onions (1998 est.)
Partners: US Greece Japan France Nigeria Benin

Imports: $295 million (c.i.f. 1997)
Commodities: consumer goods primary materials machinery vehicles and parts petroleum cereals
Partners: France Cote d'Ivoire US Benelux Nigeria

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.3 billion (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (CFAF) per US$1 - 670 (January 2000) 560.01 (January 1999) 589.95 (1998) 583.67 (1997) 511.55 (1996) 499.15 (1995)


Niger - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 180 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 363 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 196 million kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Niger - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1995)

Telephone system: small system of wire radiotelephone communications and microwave radio relay links concentrated in southwestern area

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Niger - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $20 million (FY96)
Percent of gdp: 1.1% (FY96)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Niger - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 27 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: the Niger is navigable 300 km from Niamey to Gaya on the Benin frontier from mid-December through March

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Niger - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: Libya claims about 19,400 km² in northern Niger; delimitation of international boundaries in the vicinity of Lake Chad the lack of which led to border incidents in the past has been completed and awaits ratification by Cameroon Chad Niger and Nigeria

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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