Statistical information Niue 2000Niue

Map of Niue | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Niue in the World
Niue in the World


Niue - Introduction 2000
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Background: Niue's remoteness as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands have caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to 2,100 in 2000) with substantial emigration to New Zealand.

Niue - Geography 2000
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Location: Oceania island in the South Pacific Ocean east of Tonga

Geographic coordinates: 19 02 S 169 52 W

Map referenceOceania

Comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 64 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

Terrain: steep limestone cliffs along coast central plateau


Natural resources: fish arable land
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons

Note: one of world's largest coral islands

Niue - People 2000
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Population: 2,113 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.47% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: Polynesian (with some 200 Europeans Samoans and Tongans)

Languages: Polynesian closely related to Tongan and Samoan English

Religions: Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 75% Latter-Day Saints 10% other 15% (mostly Roman Catholic Jehovah's Witnesses Seventh-Day Adventist)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.47% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population

Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1000 population

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Niue - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: self-governing parliamentary democracy

Capital: Alofi

Administrative divisions: none; note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government but there are 14 villages each with its own village council whose members are elected and serve three-year terms

Dependent areas

Independence: on 19 October 1974 Niue became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with New Zealand

National holiday: Waitangi Day 6 February (1840) (Treaty of Waitangi established British sovereignty)

Constitution: 19 October 1974 (Niue Constitution Act)

Legal system: English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; six elected from a common roll and 14 are village representatives)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of New Zealand; High Court of Niue

Political parties and leaders: Niue People's Action Party or NPP [Young VIVIAN]

International organization participation: ESCAP (associate) Intelsat (nonsignatory user) Sparteca SPC SPF UNESCO WHO WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)
From the us: none (self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)

Flag descriptionflag of Niue: yellow with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the flag of the UK bears five yellow five-pointed stars - a large one on a blue disk in the center and a smaller one on each arm of the bold red cross

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Niue - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: The economy is heavily dependent on aid and remittances from New Zealand. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues and the shortfall is made up by grants from New Zealand which are used to pay wages to public employees. Niue has cut government expenditures by reducing the public service by almost half. The agricultural sector consists mainly of subsistence gardening although some cash crops are grown for export. Industry consists primarily of small factories to process passion fruit lime oil honey and coconut cream. The sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors is an important source of revenue. The island in recent years has suffered a serious loss of population because of migration of Niueans to New Zealand. Efforts to increase GDP include the promotion of tourism and a financial services industry.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products

Industries: tourism handicrafts food processing

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 450 (1992 est.)
By occupation: most work on family plantations; paid work exists only in government service small industry and the Niue Development Board
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1% (1995)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance



Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates

Niue - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 3 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 3 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Niue - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Niue - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Niue - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix


Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Niue - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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