Statistical information Norway 2000Norway

Map of Norway | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Norway in the World
Norway in the World

Travelex


Norway - Introduction 2000
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Background: Despite its neutrality Norway was not able to avoid occupation by Germany in World War II. In 1949 neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. The current focus is on containing spending on the extensive welfare system and planning for the time when petroleum reserves are depleted. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994 Norway rejected joining the EU.


Norway - Geography 2000
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Location: Northern Europe bordering the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean west of Sweden

Geographic coordinates: 62 00 N 10 00 E

Map referenceEurope

Area
Comparative: slightly larger than New Mexico

Land boundaries

Coastline: 21,925 km (includes mainland 3,419 km large islands 2,413 km long fjords numerous small islands and minor indentations 16,093 km)

Maritime claims

Climate: temperate along coast modified by North Atlantic Current; colder interior; rainy year-round on west coast

Terrain: glaciated; mostly high plateaus and rugged mountains broken by fertile valleys; small scattered plains; coastline deeply indented by fjords; arctic tundra in north

Elevation

Natural resources: petroleum copper natural gas pyrites nickel iron ore zinc lead fish timber hydropower
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 970 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography
Note: about two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of most rugged and longest coastlines in world; Norway is the only NATO member having a land boundary with Russia


Norway - People 2000
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Population: 4,481,162 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.5% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Norwegian (Nordic Alpine Baltic) Lapps (Sami) 20,000

Languages: Norwegian (official)

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 86% (state church) other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3% other 1% none and unknown 10% (1997)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.5% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 12.79 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 9.89 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 2.13 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water pollution; acid rain damaging forests and adversely affecting lakes threatening fish stocks; air pollution from vehicle emissions

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 3.98 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.81 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Norway - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Oslo

Administrative divisions: 19 provinces (fylker singular - fylke); Akershus Aust-Agder Buskerud Finnmark Hedmark Hordaland More og Romsdal Nordland Nord-Trondelag Oppland Oslo Ostfold Rogaland Sogn og Fjordane Sor-Trondelag Telemark Troms Vest-Agder Vestfold

Dependent areas: (1) Bouvet Island Jan Mayen Svalbard

Independence: 7 June 1905 Norway declared the union with Sweden dissolved; 26 October 1905 Sweden agreed to the repeal of the union

National holiday: Constitution Day 17 May (1814)

Constitution: 17 May 1814 modified in 1884

Legal system: mixture of customary law civil law system and common law traditions; Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to legislature when asked; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: modified unicameral Parliament or Storting which for certain purposes divides itself into two chambers (165 seats; members are elected by popular vote by proportional representation to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Hoyesterett justices appointed by the monarch

Political parties and leaders: Center Party [Johan J. JAKOBSEN]; Christian People's Party [Valgerd HAUGLAND]; Conservative Party [Jan PETERSEN]; Labor Party [Thorbjorn JAGLAND]; Liberal Party [Lars SPONHEIM]; Norwegian Communist Party [Kare Andre NILSEN]; Progress Party [Carl I. HAGEN]; Red Electoral Alliance [Erling FOLKVORD]; Socialist Left Party [Kristin HALVORSEN]

International organization participation: AfDB AsDB Australia Group BIS CBSS CCC CE CERN EAPC EBRD ECE EFTA ESA FAO IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU MINURSO NAM (guest) NATO NC NEA NIB NSG OECD OPCW OSCE PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNMIBH UNMIK UNMOP UNTSO UPU WEU (associate) WHO WIPO WMO WTrO ZC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Norway: red with a blue cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Norway - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: The Norwegian economy is a prosperous bastion of welfare capitalism featuring a combination of free market activity and government intervention. The government controls key areas such as the vital petroleum sector (through large-scale state enterprises) and extensively subsidizes agriculture fishing and areas with sparse resources. The extensive welfare system helps propel public sector expenditures to more than 50% of GDP. A major shipping nation with a high dependence on international trade Norway is basically an exporter of raw materials and semiprocessed goods. The country is richly endowed with natural resources - petroleum hydropower fish forests and minerals - and is highly dependent on its oil production and international oil prices. Only Saudi Arabia exports more oil than Norway. Norway imports more than half its food needs. Oslo opted to stay out of the EU during a referendum in November 1994. Growth was a meager 0.8% in 1999 because of weak private consumption and anemic investment activity in the oil and other sectors. Growth should pick up in 2000 perhaps to 2.7%. Despite their high per capita income and generous welfare benefits Norwegians worry about that time in the next two decades when the oil and gas begin to run out.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 0.8% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: barley other grains potatoes; beef milk; fish

Industries: petroleum and gas food processing shipbuilding pulp and paper products metals chemicals timber mining textiles fishing

Industrial production growth rate: 0.7% (1999 est.)

Labor force: 2.7 million (1999 est.)
By occupation services: 74%
By occupation industry: 22%
By occupation agriculture forestry and fishing: 4% (1995)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2.9% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.8% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $47.3 billion (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: petroleum and petroleum products machinery and equipment metals chemicals ships fish
Partners: EU 77% (UK 17% Germany 12% Netherlands 10% Sweden 10% France 8%) US 7% (1998)

Imports: $38.6 billion (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: machinery and equipment chemicals metals foodstuffs
Partners: EU 69% (Sweden 15% Germany 14% UK 10% Denmark 7%) US 7% Japan 4% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $0 (Norway is a net external creditor)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Norwegian kroner (NKr) per US$1 - 8.0129 (January 2000) 7.7992 (1999) 7.5451 (1998) 7.0734 (1997) 6.4498 (1996) 6.3352 (1995)


Norway - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 115.485 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 111.001 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 4.4 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 8 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Norway - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1,676,763 (1997)

Telephone system: high-quality domestic and international telephone telegraph and telex services

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Norway - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $3.113 billion (FY98)
Percent of gdp: 2.1% (FY98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Norway - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 103 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 1 (1999 est.)

Pipelines: refined petroleum products 53 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 1577 km along west coast; navigable by 2.4 m draft vessels maximum

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Norway - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Condor


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