Statistical information Pakistan 2000Pakistan

Map of Pakistan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Pakistan in the World
Pakistan in the World

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Pakistan - Introduction 2000
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Background: The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved. A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. A dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998.


Pakistan - Geography 2000
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Location: Southern Asia bordering the Arabian Sea between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north

Geographic coordinates: 30 00 N 70 00 E

Map referenceAsia

Area
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California

Land boundaries

Coastline: 1046 km

Maritime claims

Climate: mostly hot dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north

Terrain: flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west

Elevation

Natural resources: land extensive natural gas reserves limited petroleum poor quality coal iron ore copper salt limestone
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 171,100 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: frequent earthquakes occasionally severe especially in north and west; flooding along the Indus after heavy rains (July and August)

Geography
Note: controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent


Pakistan - People 2000
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Population: 141,553,775 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 2.17% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: 34% (1991 est.)

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Punjabi Sindhi Pashtun (Pathan) Baloch Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)

Languages: Punjabi 48% Sindhi 12% Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10% Pashtu 8% Urdu (official) 8% Balochi 3% Hindko 2% Brahui 1% English (official and lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries) Burushaski and other 8%

Religions: Muslim 97% (Sunni 77% Shi'a 20%) Christian Hindu and other 3%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.17% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 32.11 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 9.51 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.9 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water pollution from raw sewage industrial wastes and agricultural runoff; limited natural fresh water resources; a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 82.49 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 4.56 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Pakistan - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: federal republic

Capital: Islamabad

Administrative divisions: 4 provinces 1 territory* and 1 capital territory**; Balochistan Federally Administered Tribal Areas* Islamabad Capital Territory** North-West Frontier Punjab Sindh

Dependent areas

Independence: 14 August 1947 (from UK)

National holiday: Pakistan Day 23 March (1956) (proclamation of the republic)

Constitution: 10 April 1973 suspended 5 July 1977 restored with amendments 30 December 1985; suspended 15 October 1999

Legal system: based on English common law with provisions to accommodate Pakistan's status as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal; separate electorates and reserved parliamentary seats for non-Muslims

Executive branch

Legislative branch: note - Gen. Pervez MUSHARRAF dissolved Parliament following the military takeover of 12 October 1999; bicameral Parliament or Majlis-e-Shoora consists of the Senate (87 seats; members indirectly elected by provincial assemblies to serve six-year terms; one-third of the members up for election every two years) and the National Assembly (217 seats - 10 represent non-Muslims; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court judicial chiefs are appointed by the president; Federal Islamic (Shari'a) Court

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: AsDB C (suspended) CCC CP ECO ESCAP FAO G-19 G-24 G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU MINURSO MONUC NAM OAS (observer) OIC OPCW PCA SAARC UN UNAMSIL UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNIKOM UNITAR UNMIBH UNMIK UNMOP UNOMIG UNTAET UPU WCL WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Pakistan: green with a vertical white band (symbolizing the role of religious minorities) on the hoist side; a large white crescent and star are centered in the green field; the crescent star and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Pakistan - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Pakistan is a poor heavily populated country suffering from internal political disputes lack of foreign investment and a costly confrontation with neighboring India. Pakistan's economic outlook continues to be marred by its weak foreign exchange position notably its continued reliance on international creditors for hard currency inflows. The MUSHARRAF government faces $32 billion in external debt and has nearly completed rescheduling with Paris Club members and other bilateral creditors. Foreign loans and grants provide approximately 25% of government revenue but debt service obligations total nearly 50% of government expenditure. The IMF has remained silent on future disbursements from its $1.56 billion bailout package initiated in 1999 and other international financial institutions are gauging the current administration's resolve to implement necessary fiscal reforms. MUSHARRAF's ambitious economic agenda includes measures to widen the tax net privatize public sector assets and improve its balance of trade position. Pakistan has made privatization a cornerstone of economic revival but may have difficulty attracting new investors until it receives positive endorsement from the World Bank. The Bank has withheld its approval pending resolution of the pricing dispute between the government and independent power producers.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3.1% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cotton wheat rice sugarcane fruits vegetables; milk beef mutton eggs

Industries: textiles food processing beverages construction materials clothing paper products shrimp

Industrial production growth rate: 3.8% (1999 est.)

Labor force: 38.6 million (1999)
By occupation agriculture: 44%
By occupation industry: 17%
By occupation services: 39% (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 7% (FY98/99 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 34% (1991 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 6% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $8.4 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: cotton fabrics and yarn rice other agricultural products
Partners: US 22% Hong Kong 7% UK 7% Germany 7% UAE 5% (FY98/99)

Imports: $9.8 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: machinery petroleum petroleum products chemicals transportation equipment edible oils grains pulses flour
Partners: US 8% Japan 8% Malaysia 7% Saudi Arabia 7% UAE 7% (FY98/99)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $32 billion (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Pakistani rupees (PRs) per US$1 - 51.90 (December 1999) 44.550 (1998) 40.185 (1997) 35.266 (1996) 30.930 (1995)


Pakistan - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 59.262 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 55.114 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Pakistan - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 158,000 (1998)

Telephone system: the domestic system is mediocre but improving; service is adequate for government and business use in part because major businesses have established their own private systems; since 1988 the government has promoted investment in the national telecommunications system on a priority basis significantly increasing network capacity; despite major improvements in trunk and urban systems telecommunication services are still not readily available to the majority of the rural population

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Pakistan - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $2.435 billion (FY99/00)
Percent of gdp: 3.9% (FY99/00)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Pakistan - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 118 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 7 (1999 est.)

Pipelines: crude oil 250 km; petroleum products 885 km; natural gas 4,044 km (1987)

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Pakistan - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: status of Kashmir with India; water-sharing problems with India over the Indus River (Wular Barrage)

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: producer of illicit opium and hashish for the international drug trade (poppy cultivation in 1999 - 1570 hectares a 48% drop from 1998 because of eradication and alternative development); key transit area for Southwest Asian heroin moving to Western markets; narcotics still move from Afghanistan into Balochistan Province


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