Statistical information Puerto Rico 2000Puerto%20Rico

Map of Puerto Rico | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Puerto Rico in the World
Puerto Rico in the World


Puerto Rico - Introduction 2000
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Background: Discovered by Columbus in 1493 the island was ceded by Spain to the US in 1898 following the Spanish-American War. A popularly elected governor has served since 1948. In plebiscites held in 1967 and 1993 voters chose to retain commonwealth status.

Puerto Rico - Geography 2000
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Location: Caribbean island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean east of the Dominican Republic

Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N 66 30 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 501 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical marine mild; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas


Natural resources: some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 390 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: periodic droughts; hurricanes

Note: important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors in the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north

Puerto Rico - People 2000
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Population: 3,915,798 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.56% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: NA

Languages: Spanish English

Religions: Roman Catholic 85% Protestant and other 15%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.56% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 15.47 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 7.74 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -2.14 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: erosion; occasional drought causing water shortages

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 9.71 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.9 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Puerto Rico - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: commonwealth

Capital: San Juan

Administrative divisions: none (commonwealth associated with the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government but there are 78 municipalities (municipios singular - municipio) at the second order; Adjuntas Aguada Aguadilla Aguas Buenas Aibonito Anasco Arecibo Arroyo Barceloneta Barranquitas Bayamon Cabo Rojo Caguas Camuy Canovanas Carolina Catano Cayey Ceiba Ciales Cidra Coamo Comerio Corozal Culebra Dorado Fajardo Florida Guanica Guayama Guayanilla Guaynabo Gurabo Hatillo Hormigueros Humacao Isabela Jayuya Juana Diaz Juncos Lajas Lares Las Marias Las Piedras Loiza Luquillo Manati Maricao Maunabo Mayaguez Moca Morovis Naguabo Naranjito Orocovis Patillas Penuelas Ponce Quebradillas Rincon Rio Grande Sabana Grande Salinas San German San Juan San Lorenzo San Sebastian Santa Isabel Toa Alta Toa Baja Trujillo Alto Utuado Vega Alta Vega Baja Vieques Villalba Yabucoa Yauco

Dependent areas

Independence: none (commonwealth associated with the US)

National holiday: US Independence Day 4 July (1776)

Constitution: ratified 3 March 1952; approved by US Congress 3 July 1952; effective 25 July 1952

Legal system: based on Spanish civil code

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; indigenous inhabitants are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections

Executive branch

Legislative branch: bicameral Legislative Assembly consists of the Senate (28 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives (54 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court justices appointed by the governor with the consent of the Senate; Superior Courts justices appointed by the governor with the consent of the Senate; Municipal Courts justices appointed by the governor with the consent of the Senate

Political parties and leaders: National Democratic Party [William MIRANDA]; National Republican Party of Puerto Rico [Luis FERRE]; New Progressive Party or PNP [Pedro ROSSELLO]; Popular Democratic Party or PPD [Anibal ACEVIDA Vila]; Puerto Rican Independence Party or PIP [Ruben BERRIOS Martinez]

International organization participation: Caricom (observer) ECLAC (associate) FAO (associate) ICFTU Interpol (subbureau) IOC WCL WFTU WHO (associate)

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (commonwealth associated with the US)
From the us: none (commonwealth associated with the US)

Flag descriptionflag of Puerto%20Rico: five equal horizontal bands of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bears a large white five-pointed star in the center; design based on the US flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Puerto Rico - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Puerto Rico has one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region. A diverse industrial sector has surpassed agriculture as the primary locus of economic activity and income. Encouraged by duty-free access to the US and by tax incentives US firms have invested heavily in Puerto Rico since the 1950s. US minimum wage laws apply. Sugar production has lost out to dairy production and other livestock products as the main source of income in the agricultural sector. Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income for the island with estimated arrivals of nearly 5 million tourists in 1999. Prospects for 2000 are good assuming continued strength in the tourism and construction sectors and continuation of the US boom.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4.2% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: sugarcane coffee pineapples plantains bananas; livestock products chickens

Industries: pharmaceuticals electronics apparel food products; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 1.3 million (1996)
By occupation agriculture: 3%
By occupation industry: 20%
By occupation services: 77% (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 13% (FY97/98 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 5.2% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $34.9 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: pharmaceuticals electronics apparel canned tuna rum beverage concentrates medical equipment
Partners: US 88% (1999)

Imports: $25.3 billion (c.i.f. 1999)
Commodities: chemicals machinery and equipment clothing food fish petroleum products
Partners: US 60% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $N/A

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Puerto Rico - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 17.765 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 16.521 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Puerto Rico - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 171,000 (1995)

Telephone system: modern system integrated with that of the US by high-capacity submarine cable and Intelsat with high-speed data capability

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Puerto Rico - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Puerto Rico - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 30 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways






Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Puerto Rico - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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