Statistical information Saint-Pierre and Miquelon 2000Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon

Map of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon in the World

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Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Introduction 2000
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Background: First settled by the French in the early 17th century the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Geography 2000
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Location: Northern North America islands in the North Atlantic Ocean south of Newfoundland (Canada)

Geographic coordinates: 46 50 N 56 20 W

Map referenceNorth America

Area
Comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 120 km

Maritime claims

Climate: cold and wet with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy

Terrain: mostly barren rock

Elevation

Natural resources: fish deepwater ports
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard

Geography
Note: vegetation scanty


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - People 2000
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Population: 6,896 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.49% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)

Languages: French

Religions: Roman Catholic 99%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.49% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 16.53 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 6.67 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -4.93 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 8.61 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 2.14 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: NA

Capital: Saint-Pierre

Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)

National holiday: National Day Taking of the Bastille 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French law with special adaptations for local conditions such as housing and taxation

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats - 15 from Saint Pierre and 4 from Miquelon; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)

Judicial branch: Superior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel

Political parties and leaders: Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR [leader NA]; Socialist Party or PS [leader NA]; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF [leader NA]

International organization participation: FZ WFTU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territorial collectivity of France)
From the us: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Flag descriptionflag of Saint-Pierre%20and%20Miquelon: a yellow sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a dark blue background with a black wave line under the ship; on the hoist side a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the square into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black one on top of the other; the flag of France is used for official occasions

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: The inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining however because of disputes with Canada over fishing quotas and a steady decline in the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre. In 1992 an arbitration panel awarded the islands an exclusive economic zone of 12,348 km² to settle a longstanding territorial dispute with Canada although it represents only 25% of what France had sought. The islands are heavily subsidized by France to the great betterment of living standards. The government hopes an expansion of tourism will boost economic prospects.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: vegetables; poultry cattle sheep pigs; fish

Industries: fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 3,000 (1997)
By occupation fishing: 18%
By occupation industry (mainly fish-processing): 41%
By occupation services: 41% (1996 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 9.8% (1997)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.1% (1991-96 average)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $5 million (f.o.b. 1997)
Commodities: fish and fish products mollusks and crustaceans fox and mink pelts
Partners: US France UK Canada Portugal

Imports: $66 million (c.i.f. 1997 est.)
Commodities: meat clothing fuel electrical equipment machinery building materials
Partners: Canada France US Netherlands UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $N/A

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: euros per US$1 - 0.98673 (January 2000) 0.93863 (1999); French francs (F) per US$1 - 5.65 (January 1999) 5.8995 (1998) 5.8367 (1997) 5.1155 (1996) 4.9915 (1995)


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 40 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 37 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1994)

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: none (1999 est.)

Ports and terminals


Saint-Pierre and Miquelon - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


World Nomads


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