Statistical information Seychelles 2000Seychelles

Map of Seychelles | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Seychelles in the World
Seychelles in the World

Qatar Airways


Seychelles - Introduction 2000
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Background: A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814 when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993.


Seychelles - Geography 2000
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Location: Eastern Africa group of islands in the Indian Ocean northeast of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates: 4 35 S 55 40 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 491 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)

Terrain: Mahe Group is granitic narrow coastal strip rocky hilly; others are coral flat elevated reefs

Elevation

Natural resources: fish copra cinnamon trees
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: lies outside the cyclone belt so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible

Geography
Note: 40 granitic and about 50 coralline islands


Seychelles - People 2000
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Population: 79,326 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 0.49% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Seychellois (mixture of Asians Africans Europeans)

Languages: English (official) French (official) Creole

Religions: Roman Catholic 90% Anglican 8% other 2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.49% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 17.99 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 6.74 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -6.3 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water supply depends on catchments to collect rain water

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17.74 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.85 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Seychelles - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: Victoria

Administrative divisions: 23 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins Anse Boileau Anse Etoile Anse Louis Anse Royale Baie Lazare Baie Sainte Anne Beau Vallon Bel Air Bel Ombre Cascade Glacis Grand' Anse (on Mahe) Grand' Anse (on Praslin) La Digue La Riviere Anglaise Mont Buxton Mont Fleuri Plaisance Pointe La Rue Port Glaud Saint Louis Takamaka

Dependent areas

Independence: 29 June 1976 (from UK)

National holiday: National Day 18 June (1993) (adoption of the constitution)

Constitution: 18 June 1993

Legal system: based on English common law French civil law and customary law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 17 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (35 seats - 25 elected by popular vote 10 allocated on a proportional basis to parties winning at least nine percent of the vote; members serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal judges are appointed by the president; Supreme Court judges are appointed by the president

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party or DP [leader NA]; New Democratic Party [Christopher GILL (former member of DP)]; Seychelles People's Progressive Front or SPPF [France Albert RENE] - the governing party; United Opposition or UO [Wavel RAMKALAWAN] - a coalition of the following parties: Seychelles Party or PS [Wavel RAMKALAWAN] Seychelles Democratic Movement or MSPD [Jacques HONDOUL] and Seychelles Liberal Party or SLP [Ogilvie BERLOUIS]

International organization participation: ACCT ACP AfDB C ECA FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO InOC Intelsat (nonsignatory user) Interpol IOC ISO (correspondent) NAM OAU OPCW SADC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WCL WHO WMO WToO WTrO (applicant)

Diplomatic representation
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Seychelles; the ambassador to Mauritius is accredited to Seychelles

Flag descriptionflag of Seychelles: five oblique bands of blue (hoist side) yellow red white and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Seychelles - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Since independence in 1976 per capita output in this Indian Ocean archipelago has expanded to roughly seven times the old near-subsistence level. Growth has been led by the tourist sector which employs about 30% of the labor force and provides more than 70% of hard currency earnings and by tuna fishing. In recent years the government has encouraged foreign investment in order to upgrade hotels and other services. At the same time the government has moved to reduce the dependence on tourism by promoting the development of farming fishing and small-scale manufacturing. The vulnerability of the tourist sector was illustrated by the sharp drop in 1991-92 due largely to the Gulf war. Although the industry has rebounded the government recognizes the continuing need for upgrading the sector in the face of stiff international competition. Other issues facing the government are the curbing of the budget deficit and further privatization of public enterprises. Growth slowed in 1998-99 due to sluggish tourist and tuna sectors.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.8% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: coconuts cinnamon vanilla sweet potatoes cassava (tapioca) bananas; broiler chickens; tuna fish

Industries: fishing; tourism; processing of coconuts and vanilla coir (coconut fiber) rope boat building printing furniture; beverages

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 26,000 (1996)
By occupation industry: 19%
By occupation services: 57%
By occupation government: 14%
By occupation fishing agriculture and forestry: 10% (1989)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3% (1999)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $91 million (f.o.b. 1998)
Commodities: fish cinnamon bark copra petroleum products (reexports)
Partners: France UK Netherlands Italy China Germany Japan

Imports: $403 million (c.i.f. 1998)
Commodities: machinery and equipment foodstuffs petroleum products
Partners: South Africa UK China Singapore France Italy

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $149 million (1997 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Seychelles rupees (SRe) per US$1 - 5.3060 (September 1999) 5.2622 (1998) 5.0263 (1997) 4.9700 (1996) 4.7620 (1995)


Seychelles - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 125 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 116 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Seychelles - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 2,249 (1997)

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Seychelles - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $13 million (FY93)
Percent of gdp: 2.8% (FY93)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Seychelles - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 14 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: none (1999 est.)

Ports and terminals


Seychelles - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: claims Chagos Archipelago in British Indian Ocean Territory

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Tourhub


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