Statistical information Singapore 2000Singapore

Map of Singapore | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Singapore in the World
Singapore in the World

Qatar Airways

Singapore - Introduction 2000
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Background: Founded as a British trading colony in 1819 Singapore joined Malaysia in 1963 but withdrew two years later and became independent. It subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest) and with per capita GDP above that of the leading nations of Western Europe.

Singapore - Geography 2000
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Location: Southeastern Asia islands between Malaysia and Indonesia

Geographic coordinates: 1 22 N 103 48 E

Map referenceSoutheast Asia

Comparative: slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 193 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; hot humid rainy; no pronounced rainy or dry seasons; thunderstorms occur on 40% of all days (67% of days in April)

Terrain: lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve


Natural resources: fish deepwater ports
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes

Singapore - People 2000
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Population: 4,151,264 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 3.54% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: Chinese 77% Malay 14% Indian 7.6% other 1.4%

Languages: Chinese (official) Malay (official and national) Tamil (official) English (official)

Religions: Buddhist (Chinese) Muslim (Malays) Christian Hindu Sikh Taoist Confucianist

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.54% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 12.79 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 4.21 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 26.8 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 3.65 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.16 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Singapore - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: parliamentary republic

Capital: Singapore

Administrative divisions: none

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 August 1965 (from Malaysia)

National holiday: National Day 9 August (1965)

Constitution: 3 June 1959 amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapore Constitution)

Legal system: based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (83 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court chief justice is appointed by the president with the advice of the prime minister other judges are appointed by the president with the advice of the chief justice; Court of Appeals

Political parties and leaders: National Solidarity Party or NSP [C. K. TAN]; People's Action Party or PAP [GOH Chok Tong secretary general] - the governing party; Singapore Democratic Party or SDP [CHEE Soon Juan]; Singapore People's Party or SPP [CHIAM See Tong]; Workers' Party or WP [J. B. JEYARETNAM and LOW Thia Khiang]

International organization participation: APEC AsDB ASEAN Australia Group (observer) BIS C CCC CP ESCAP G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC ISO ITU NAM OPCW PCA UN UNCTAD UNIKOM UPU WHO WIPO WMO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Singapore: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; near the hoist side of the red band there is a vertical white crescent (closed portion is toward the hoist side) partially enclosing five white five-pointed stars arranged in a circle

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Singapore - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Singapore is blessed with a highly developed and successful free-market economy a remarkably open and corruption-free business environment stable prices and the fifth highest per capita GDP in the world. Exports particularly in electronics and chemicals and services are the main drivers of the economy. The government promotes high levels of savings and investment through a mandatory savings scheme and spends heavily in education and technology. It also owns government-linked companies (GLCs) - particularly in manufacturing - that operate as commercial entities and account for 60% of GDP. As Singapore looks to a future increasingly marked by globalization the country is positioning itself as the region's financial and high-tech hub.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 5.5% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: rubber copra fruit vegetables; poultry eggs fish vegetables orchids ornamental fish

Industries: electronics financial services oil drilling equipment petroleum refining rubber processing and rubber products processed food and beverages ship repair entrepot trade biotechnology

Industrial production growth rate: 14% (1999 est.)

Labor force: 1.932 million (1998)
By occupation: financial business and other services 38% manufacturing 21.6% commerce 21.4% construction 7% other 12%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3.2% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 0.4% (1999)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $114 billion (1999)
Commodities: machinery and equipment (including electronics) 63% chemicals mineral fuels (1998)
Partners: US 19% Malaysia 17% Hong Kong 8% Japan 7% Taiwan 5% Thailand 4% UK 4% China 3% Germany 3% (1998)

Imports: $111 billion (1999)
Commodities: machinery and equipment 57% mineral fuels chemicals foodstuffs (1998)
Partners: US 17% Japan 17% Malaysia 16% Thailand 5% China 5% Taiwan 4% Germany Saudi Arabia (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $N/A

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Singapore dollars (S$) per US$1 - 1.6733 (January 2000) 1.6950 (1999) 1.6736 (1998) 1.4848 (1997) 1.4100 (1996) 1.4174 (1995)

Singapore - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 26.586 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 24.725 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Singapore - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1.02 million (1998)

Telephone system: good domestic facilities; good international service

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Singapore - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $4.4 billion (FY98/99)
Percent of gdp: 4.9% (FY98/99)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Singapore - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 9 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 1 (1999 est.)





Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Singapore - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: two islands in dispute with Malaysia

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transit point for Golden Triangle heroin going to North America Western Europe and the Third World; also a money-laundering center

World Nomads

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