Statistical information Somalia 2000Somalia

Map of Somalia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Somalia in the World
Somalia in the World

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Somalia - Introduction 2000
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Background: Intermittent civil war has been a fact of life in Somalia since 1977. In 1991 the northern portion of the country declared its independence as Somaliland; although de facto independent and relatively stable compared to the tumultuous south it has not been recognized by any foreign government. Beginning in 1993 a two-year UN humanitarian effort (primarily in the south) was able to alleviate famine conditions but when the UN withdrew in 1995 having suffered significant casualties order still had not been restored.


Somalia - Geography 2000
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Location: Eastern Africa bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean east of Ethiopia

Geographic coordinates: 10 00 N 49 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries

Coastline: 3,025 km

Maritime claims

Climate: principally desert; December to February - northeast monsoon moderate temperatures in north and very hot in south; May to October - southwest monsoon torrid in the north and hot in the south irregular rainfall hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons

Terrain: mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north

Elevation

Natural resources: uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore tin gypsum bauxite copper salt
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 1800 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: recurring droughts; frequent dust storms over eastern plains in summer; floods during rainy season

Geography
Note: strategic location on Horn of Africa along southern approaches to Bab el Mandeb and route through Red Sea and Suez Canal


Somalia - People 2000
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Population: 7,253,137
Growth rate: 2.9% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Somali 85% Bantu Arabs 30,000

Languages: Somali (official) Arabic Italian English

Religions: Sunni Muslim

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.9% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 47.7 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 18.69 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 125.77 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 7.18 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Somalia - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: none

Capital: Mogadishu

Administrative divisions: 18 regions (plural - NA singular - gobolka); Awdal Bakool Banaadir Bari Bay Galguduud Gedo Hiiraan Jubbada Dhexe Jubbada Hoose Mudug Nugaal Sanaag Shabeellaha Dhexe Shabeellaha Hoose Sool Togdheer Woqooyi Galbeed

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland which became independent from the UK on 26 June 1960 and Italian Somaliland which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960 to form the Somali Republic)

National holiday: NA

Constitution: 25 August 1979 presidential approval 23 September 1979

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: Somalia has no functioning government; the United Somali Congress (USC) ousted the regime of Major General Mohamed SIAD Barre on 27 January 1991; the present political situation is one of anarchy marked by interclan fighting and random banditry

Legislative branch: unicameral People's Assembly or Golaha Shacbiga

Judicial branch: (not functioning); note - following the breakdown of national government most regions have reverted to Islamic law with a provision for appeal of all sentences

Political parties and leaders: none

International organization participation: ACP AfDB AFESD AL AMF CAEU ECA FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS IGAD ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM (observer) ITU NAM OAU OIC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTrO (observer)

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Somalia does not have an embassy in the US (ceased operations on 8 May 1991)
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Somalia; US interests are represented by the US Embassy in Nairobi at Moi Avenue and Haile Selassie Avenue; mail address: P. O. Box 30,137 Unit 64,100 Nairobi; APO AE 9,831; telephone: [254] (2) 334,141; FAX [254] (2) 340,838

Flag descriptionflag of Somalia: light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; design based on the flag of the UN (Italian Somaliland was a UN trust territory)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Somalia - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: One of the world's poorest and least developed countries Somalia has few resources. Moreover much of the economy has been devastated by the civil war. Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock accounting for about 40% of GDP and about 65% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-nomads who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood make up a large portion of the population. After livestock bananas are the principal export; sugar sorghum corn and fish are products for the domestic market. The small industrial sector based on the processing of agricultural products accounts for 10% of GDP; most facilities have been shut down because of the civil strife. Moreover in 1999 ongoing civil disturbances in Mogadishu and outlying areas interfered with any substantial economic advance and with international aid arrangements.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: bananas sorghum corn sugarcane mangoes sesame seeds beans; cattle sheep goats; fish

Industries: a few small industries including sugar refining textiles petroleum refining (mostly shut down)

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 3.7 million (very few are skilled laborers)(1993 est.)
By occupation agriculture (mostly pastoral nomadism): 71%
By occupation industry and services: 29%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: NA

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $187 million (f.o.b. 1998 est.)
Commodities: livestock bananas hides fish (1997)
Partners: Saudi Arabia 57% UAE 15% Italy 12% Yemen 8% (1997)

Imports: $327 million (f.o.b. 1998 est.)
Commodities: manufactures petroleum products foodstuffs construction materials (1995)
Partners: Djibouti 20% Kenya 11% Belarus 11% India 10% Saudi Arabia 9% Brazil 9% (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $2.6 billion (1997 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Somali shillings (So. Sh.) per US$1 - 2,620 (January 1999) 7,500 (November 1997 est.) 7,000 (January 1996 est.) 5,000 (1 January 1995) 2,616 (1 July 1993) 4,200 (December 1992)


Somalia - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 265 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 246 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Somalia - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system: the public telecommunications system was completely destroyed or dismantled by the civil war factions; all relief organizations depend on their own private systems

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Somalia - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $N/A
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Somalia - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 61 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 15 km

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine: none (1999 est.)

Ports and terminals


Somalia - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: most of the southern half of the boundary with Ethiopia is a Provisional Administrative Line; territorial dispute with Ethiopia over the Ogaden

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Numa


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