Statistical information Svalbard 2000Svalbard

Map of Svalbard | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Svalbard in the World
Svalbard in the World


Svalbard - Introduction 2000
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Background: First discovered by the Norwegians in the 12th century the islands served as an international whaling base during the 17th and 18th centuries. Norway's sovereignty was recognized in 1920; five years later it officially took over the territory.

Svalbard - Geography 2000
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Location: Northern Europe islands between the Arctic Ocean Barents Sea Greenland Sea and Norwegian Sea north of Norway

Geographic coordinates: 78 00 N 20 00 E

Map referenceArctic Region

Comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 3,587 km

Maritime claims

Climate: arctic tempered by warm North Atlantic Current; cool summers cold winters; North Atlantic Current flows along west and north coasts of Spitsbergen keeping water open and navigable most of the year

Terrain: wild rugged mountains; much of high land ice covered; west coast clear of ice about one-half of the year; fjords along west and north coasts


Natural resources: coal copper iron ore phosphate zinc wildlife fish
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: ice floes often block up the entrance to Bellsund (a transit point for coal export) on the west coast and occasionally make parts of the northeastern coast inaccessible to maritime traffic

Note: northernmost part of the Kingdom of Norway; consists of nine main islands; glaciers and snowfields cover 60% of the total area

Svalbard - People 2000
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Population: 2,416 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: -3.55% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: Russian and Ukrainian 62% Norwegian 38% other NEGL% (1994)

Languages: Russian Norwegian


Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -3.55% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population

Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1000 population

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Svalbard - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: NA

Capital: Longyearbyen

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Norway)

National holiday: NA


Legal system: NA

International law organization participation



Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation: none

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Svalbard: the flag of Norway is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Svalbard - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Coal mining is the major economic activity on Svalbard. The treaty of 9 February 1920 gives the 41 signatories equal rights to exploit mineral deposits subject to Norwegian regulation. Although US UK Dutch and Swedish coal companies have mined in the past the only companies still mining are Norwegian and Russian. The settlements on Svalbard are essentially company towns. The Norwegian state-owned coal company employs nearly 60% of the Norwegian population on the island runs many of the local services and provides most of the local infrastructure. There is also some trapping of seal polar bear fox and walrus.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products


Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $N/A

Imports: $N/A

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Norwegian kroner (NKr) per US$1 - 8.0129 (January 2000) 7.7992 (1999) 7.5451 (1998) 7.0734 (1997) 6.4498 (1996) 6.3352 (1995)

Svalbard - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports: NA kWh

Electricity imports: NA kWh

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Svalbard - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Svalbard - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Svalbard - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 4 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km



Merchant marine: none (1999 est.)

Ports and terminals

Svalbard - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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