Statistical information Tajikistan 2000Tajikistan

Map of Tajikistan | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Tajikistan in the World
Tajikistan in the World

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Tajikistan - Introduction 2000
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Background: Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a civil war since it gained independence in 1991 when the USSR collapsed. A peace agreement among rival factions was signed in 1997 but implementation has progressed slowly. Nevertheless a number of opposition political parties have been legalized and are participating in elections suggesting that the country may be stabilizing politically. Russian-led peacekeeping troops are based throughout the country and Russian-commanded border guards are stationed along the border with Afghanistan.


Tajikistan - Geography 2000
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Location: Central Asia west of China

Geographic coordinates: 39 00 N 71 00 E

Map referenceCommonwealth of Independent States

Area
Comparative: slightly smaller than Wisconsin

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: midlatitude continental hot summers mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains

Terrain: Pamir and Alay mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

Elevation

Natural resources: hydropower some petroleum uranium mercury brown coal lead zinc antimony tungsten
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 6,390 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography
Note: landlocked


Tajikistan - People 2000
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Population: 6,440,732 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 2.12% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Tajik 64.9% Uzbek 25% Russian 3.5% (declining because of emigration) other 6.6%

Languages: Tajik (official) Russian widely used in government and business

Religions: Sunni Muslim 80% Shi'a Muslim 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.12% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 33.56 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 8.64 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -3.71 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides; part of the basin of the shrinking Aral Sea suffers from severe overutilization of available water for irrigation and associated pollution

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 117.42 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 4.35 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Tajikistan - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: Dushanbe

Administrative divisions: 2 oblasts (viloyatho singular - viloyat) and one autonomous oblast* (viloyati mukhtori); Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshoni* (Khorugh - formerly Khorog) Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa - formerly Kurgan-Tyube) Viloyati Leninobod (Khujand - formerly Leninabad)

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: National Day 9 September (1991)

Constitution: 6 November 1994

Legal system: based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: bicameral Supreme Assembly or Majlisi Oli (181 seats; next election 96 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court judges are appointed by the president

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party or TDP [Mahmadruzi ISKANDDAROV chairman]; Islamic Rebirth Party [Muhammadsharif HIMMAT-ZODA chairman]; Lali Badakhshan Movement [Atobek AMIRBEKOV]; National Unity Party - evolved from the People's Party and Party of People's Unity; Party of Justice and Development [Rahmatullo ZOIROV]; People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan or PDPT [Abdulmajid DOSTIEV]; Rastokhez (Rebirth) Movement [Tohiri ABDUJABBOR]; Tajik Communist Party or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]; Tajikistan Party of Economic and Political Renewal or TPEPR [leader NA]; United Tajik Opposition or UTO [Said Abdullo NURI] - an umbrella group including; Adolatho 'Justice' Party [Abdurahmon KARIMOV chairman]

International organization participation: AsDB CCC CIS EAPC EBRD ECE ECO ESCAP FAO IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF Intelsat IOC IOM ITU OIC OPCW OSCE UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTrO (observer)

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Tajikistan does not have an embassy in the US but does have a permanent mission to the UN: address - 136 East 67th Street New York NY 10,021 telephone - [1] (212) 472-7,645 FAX - [1] (212) 628-0252; permanent representative to the UN is Rashid ALIMOV

Flag descriptionflag of Tajikistan: three horizontal stripes of red (top) a wider stripe of white and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven gold five-pointed stars is located in the center of the white stripe

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Tajikistan - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Tajikistan has the lowest per capita GDP among the 15 former Soviet republics. Cotton is the most important crop. Mineral resources varied but limited in amount include silver gold uranium and tungsten. Industry consists only of a large aluminum plant hydropower facilities and small obsolete factories mostly in light industry and food processing. The Tajikistani economy has been gravely weakened by six years of civil conflict and by the loss of subsidies from Moscow and of markets for its products. Tajikistan thus depends on aid from Russia and Uzbekistan and on international humanitarian assistance for much of its basic subsistence needs. Even if the peace agreement of June 1997 is honored the country faces major problems in integrating refugees and former combatants into the economy. The future of Tajikistan's economy and the potential for attracting foreign investment depend upon stability and continued progress in the peace process.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: cotton grain fruits grapes vegetables; cattle sheep goats

Industries: aluminum zinc lead chemicals and fertilizers cement vegetable oil metal-cutting machine tools refrigerators and freezers

Industrial production growth rate: 5% (1999 est.)

Labor force: 1.9 million (1996)
By occupation agriculture and forestry: 50%
By occupation industry: 20%
By occupation services: 30% (1997 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5.7% includes only officially registered unemployed; also large numbers of underemployed workers and unregistered unemployed people (December 1998)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 22% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $634 million (1999 est.)
Commodities: aluminum electricity cotton fruits vegetable oil textiles
Partners: Uzbekistan 37% Liechtenstein 26% Russia 16% Kazakhstan 6% (1997)

Imports: $770 million (1999 est.)
Commodities: electricity petroleum products aluminum oxide machinery and equipment foodstuffs
Partners: Netherlands 32% Uzbekistan 29% Switzerland 20% Russia 9% (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.3 billion (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Tajikistani rubles (TJR) per US$1 - 1550 (January 2000) 998 (January 1999) 350 (January 1997) 284 (January 1996)


Tajikistan - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 13.27 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 12.561 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 3.33 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 3.55 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Tajikistan - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system: poorly developed and not well maintained; many towns are not reached by the national network

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Tajikistan - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $17 million (FY97)
Percent of gdp: 1.8% (FY97)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Tajikistan - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 59 (1994 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: natural gas 400 km (1992)

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Tajikistan - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: portions of the boundary with China are indefinite; territorial dispute with Kyrgyzstan on northern boundary in Isfara Valley area

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: limited illicit cultivation of cannabis mostly for domestic consumption; opium poppy cultivation negligible in 1998 because of government eradication program; major transshipment point for illicit drugs from Southwest Asia to Russia and Western Europe


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