Statistical information Tunisia 2000Tunisia

Map of Tunisia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Tunisia in the World
Tunisia in the World

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Tunisia - Introduction 2000
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Background: Following independence from France in 1956 President Habib BOURGIUBA established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In recent years Tunisia has taken a moderate non-aligned stance in its foreign relations. Domestically it has sought to diffuse rising pressure for a more open political society.


Tunisia - Geography 2000
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Location: Northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea between Algeria and Libya

Geographic coordinates: 34 00 N 9 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Comparative: slightly larger than Georgia

Land boundaries

Coastline: 1148 km

Maritime claims

Climate: temperate in north with mild rainy winters and hot dry summers; desert in south

Terrain: mountains in north; hot dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara

Elevation

Natural resources: petroleum phosphates iron ore lead zinc salt arable land
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 3,850 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography
Note: strategic location in central Mediterranean


Tunisia - People 2000
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Population: 9,593,402 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 1.17% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: 14.1% (1990 est.)

Nationality

Ethnic groups: Arab 98% European 1% Jewish and other 1%

Languages: Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce) French (commerce)

Religions: Muslim 98% Christian 1% Jewish and other 1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.17% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 17.38 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 4.98 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.7 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and presents human health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 30.09 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 2.04 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Tunisia - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: Tunis

Administrative divisions: 23 governorates; Al Kaf Al Mahdiyah Al Munastir Al Qasrayn Al Qayrawan Aryanah Bajah Banzart Bin 'Arus Jundubah Madanin Nabul Qabis Qafsah Qibili Safaqis Sidi Bu Zayd Silyanah Susah Tatawin Tawzar Tunis Zaghwan

Dependent areas

Independence: 20 March 1956 (from France)

National holiday: National Day 20 March (1956)

Constitution: 1 June 1959; amended 12 July 1988

Legal system: based on French civil law system and Islamic law; some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court in joint session

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 20 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Majlis al-Nuwaab (163 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Court of Cassation (Cour de Cassation)

Political parties and leaders: Constitutional Democratic Rally Party or RCD [President BEN ALI (official ruling party)]; Movement of Democratic Socialists or MDS [leader NA]; five other political parties are legal including the Communist Party

International organization participation: ABEDA ACCT AfDB AFESD AL AMF AMU BSEC (observer) CCC ECA FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU MIPONUH NAM OAS (observer) OAU OIC OPCW OSCE (partner) UN UN Security Council (temporary) UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNMIBH UNMIK UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Tunisia: red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Tunisia - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Tunisia has a diverse economy with important agricultural mining energy tourism and manufacturing sectors. Governmental control of economic affairs while still heavy has gradually lessened over the past decade with increasing privatization simplification of the tax structure and a prudent approach to debt. Real growth averaged 5.0% in the 1990s and inflation is slowing. Growth in tourism and increased trade have been key elements in this steady growth. Tunisia's association agreement with the European Union entered into force on 1 March 1998 the first such accord between the EU and Mediterranean countries to be activated. Under the agreement Tunisia will gradually remove barriers to trade with the EU over the next decade. Broader privatization further liberalization of the investment code to increase foreign investment and improvements in government efficiency are among the challenges for the future.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 6% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: olives grain dairy products tomatoes citrus fruit beef sugar beets dates almonds

Industries: petroleum mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore) tourism textiles footwear food beverages

Industrial production growth rate: 8% (1998 est.)

Labor force: 3 million (1997 est.)
By occupation services: 55%
By occupation industry: 23%
By occupation agriculture: 22% (1995 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 16.5% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 14.1% (1990 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.7% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $5.8 billion (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: textiles mechanical goods phosphates and chemicals agricultural products hydrocarbons
Partners: France 27% Italy 22% Germany 15% Belgium 6% Libya 4% (1998)

Imports: $8.3 billion (c.i.f. 1999 est.)
Commodities: machinery and equipment hydrocarbons chemicals fuel food
Partners: France 27% Italy 20% Germany 12% Spain 4% Belgium 4% US 4% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $12.1 billion (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Tunisian dinars (TD) per US$1 - 1.2455 (January 2000) 1.2546 (December 1999) 1.1387 (1998) 1.1059 (1997) 0.9734 (1996) 0.9458 (1995)


Tunisia - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 7.94 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 7.549 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 165 million kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Tunisia - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 50,000 (1998)

Telephone system: above the African average and continuing to be upgraded; key centers are Sfax Sousse Bizerte and Tunis; Internet access available

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Tunisia - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $356 million (FY99)
Percent of gdp: 1.5% (FY99)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Tunisia - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 32 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 797 km; petroleum products 86 km; natural gas 742 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Tunisia - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: maritime boundary dispute with Libya; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries particularly for oil exploration

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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