Statistical information Turks and Caicos Islands 2000Turks%20and%20Caicos%20Islands

Map of Turks and Caicos Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Turks and Caicos Islands in the World
Turks and Caicos Islands in the World


Turks and Caicos Islands - Introduction 2000
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Background: The islands were under Jamaican jurisdiction until 1962 when they assumed the status of a crown colony. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982 the policy was reversed and the islands are presently a British overseas territory.

Turks and Caicos Islands - Geography 2000
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Location: Caribbean two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean southeast of The Bahamas

Geographic coordinates: 21 45 N 71 35 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 389 km

Maritime claims

Climate: tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry

Terrain: low flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps


Natural resources: spiny lobster conch
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes

Note: 30 islands (eight inhabited)

Turks and Caicos Islands - People 2000
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Population: 17,502 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: 3.55% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%


Ethnic groups: black

Languages: English (official)

Religions: Baptist 41.2% Methodist 18.9% Anglican 18.3% Seventh-Day Adventist 1.7% other 19.9% (1980)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.55% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 25.65 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 4.57 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: 14.46 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: limited natural fresh water resources private cisterns collect rainwater

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 18.66 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 3.25 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Turks and Caicos Islands - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: NA

Capital: Cockburn Town (on Grand Turk)

Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)

National holiday: Constitution Day 30 August (1976)

Constitution: introduced 30 August 1976; suspended in 1986; restored and revised 5 March 1988

Legal system: based on laws of England and Wales with a small number adopted from Jamaica and The Bahamas

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council (19 seats of which 13 are popularly elected; members serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders: People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Derek H. TAYLOR]; Progressive National Party or PNP [Washington MISICK]; United Democratic Party or UDP [Wendal SWANN]

International organization participation: Caricom (associate) CDB Interpol (subbureau)

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas territory of the UK)
From the us: none (overseas territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Turks%20and%20Caicos%20Islands: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and contains a conch shell lobster and cactus

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Turks and Caicos Islands - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism fishing and offshore financial services. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US was the leading source of tourists in 1996 accounting for more than half of the 87,000 visitors; tourist arrivals had risen to 93,000 by 1998. Major sources of government revenue include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (1997 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: corn beans cassava (tapioca) citrus fruits; fish

Industries: tourism offshore financial services

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 4,848 (1990 est.)
By occupation: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism financial and other services (1997 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 10% (1997 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 4% (1995)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.7 million (1993)
Commodities: lobster dried and fresh conch conch shells
Partners: US UK

Imports: $46.6 million (1993)
Commodities: food and beverages tobacco clothing manufactures construction materials
Partners: US UK

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $N/A

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: US currency is used

Turks and Caicos Islands - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 5 million kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 5 million kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Turks and Caicos Islands - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1994)

Telephone system: fair cable and radiotelephone services

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Turks and Caicos Islands - Military 2000
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Turks and Caicos Islands - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 7 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km



Merchant marine: none (1999 est.)

Ports and terminals

Turks and Caicos Islands - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US

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