Statistical information Ukraine 2000Ukraine

Map of Ukraine | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Ukraine in the World
Ukraine in the World


Ukraine - Introduction 2000
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Background: Richly endowed in natural resources Ukraine has been fought over and subjugated for centuries; its 20th-century struggle for liberty is not yet complete. A short-lived independence from Russia (1917-1920) was followed by brutal Soviet rule that engineered two artificial famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died and World War II in which German and Soviet armies were responsible for some 7 million more deaths. Although independence was attained in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR true freedom remains elusive as many of the former Soviet elite remain entrenched stalling efforts at economic reform privatization and civic liberties.

Ukraine - Geography 2000
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Location: Eastern Europe bordering the Black Sea between Poland and Russia

Geographic coordinates: 49 00 N 32 00 E

Map referenceCommonwealth of Independent States

Comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries

Coastline: 2,782 km

Maritime claims

Climate: temperate continental; Mediterranean only on the southern Crimean coast; precipitation disproportionately distributed highest in west and north lesser in east and southeast; winters vary from cool along the Black Sea to cold farther inland; summers are warm across the greater part of the country hot in the south

Terrain: most of Ukraine consists of fertile plains (steppes) and plateaus mountains being found only in the west (the Carpathians) and in the Crimean Peninsula in the extreme south


Natural resources: iron ore coal manganese natural gas oil salt sulfur graphite titanium magnesium kaolin nickel mercury timber arable land
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 26,050 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: strategic position at the crossroads between Europe and Asia; second-largest country in Europe

Ukraine - People 2000
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Population: 49,153,027 (July 2000 est.)
Growth rate: -0.83% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: 50% (1999 est.)


Ethnic groups: Ukrainian 73% Russian 22% Jewish 1% other 4%

Languages: Ukrainian Russian Romanian Polish Hungarian

Religions: Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate Ukrainian Orthodox - Kiev Patriarchate Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Ukrainian Catholic (Uniate) Protestant Jewish

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -0.83% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 9.03 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 16.48 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.84 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; air and water pollution; deforestation; radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986 accident at Chornobyl' Nuclear Power Plant

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 21.67 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 1.26 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Ukraine - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: Kiev (Kyyiv)

Administrative divisions: 24 oblasti (singular - oblast') 1 autonomous republic* (avtomnaya respublika) and 2 municipalities (mista singular - misto) with oblast status**; Cherkas'ka (Cherkasy) Chernihivs'ka (Chernihiv) Chernivets'ka (Chernivtsi) Dnipropetrovs'ka (Dnipropetrovs'k) Donets'ka (Donets'k) Ivano-Frankivs'ka (Ivano-Frankivs'k) Kharkivs'ka (Kharkiv) Khersons'ka (Kherson) Khmel'nyts'ka (Khmel'nyts'kyy) Kirovohrads'ka (Kirovohrad) Kyyiv** Kyyivs'ka (Kiev) Luhans'ka (Luhans'k) L'vivs'ka (L'viv) Mykolayivs'ka (Mykolayiv) Odes'ka (Odesa) Poltavs'ka (Poltava) Avtonomna Respublika Krym* (Simferopol') Rivnens'ka (Rivne) Sevastopol'** Sums'ka (Sumy) Ternopil's'ka (Ternopil') Vinnyts'ka (Vinnytsya) Volyns'ka (Luts'k) Zakarpats'ka (Uzhhorod) Zaporiz'ka (Zaporizhzhya) Zhytomyrs'ka (Zhytomyr)

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 December 1991 (from Soviet Union by voter approval)

National holiday: Independence Day 24 August (1991)

Constitution: adopted 28 June 1996

Legal system: based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral Supreme Council or Verkhovna Rada (450 seats; under Ukraine's new election law half of the Rada's seats are allocated on a proportional basis to those parties that gain 4% of the national electoral vote; the other 225 members are elected by popular vote in single-mandate constituencies; all serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Constitutional Court

Political parties and leaders: Agrarian Party of Ukraine or APU [Mykhaylo HLADIY chairperson]; Communist Party of Ukraine [Petro SYMONENKO]; Fatherland (Motherland) All Ukrainian Party [Yuliya TYMOSHENKO chairperson]; Green Party of Ukraine or PZU [Vitaliy KONONOV chairman]; Hromada [Pavlo LAZARENKO]; Liberal Party of Ukraine or LPU [Volodymyr SHCHERBAN]; Party of Regional Revival of Ukraine or PRVU [Volodymyr RYBAK]; Peasant Party of Ukraine or SelPU [Serhiy DOVHAN]; People's Democratic Party [Valeriy PUSTOVOYTENKO chairman]; People's Movement of Ukraine or Rukh U [Hennadiy UDOVENKO chairman]; Progressive Socialist Party [Nataliya VITRENKO]; Reforms Congress [leader NA]; Reforms and Order Party [Viktor PYNZENYK]; Sobor Party [Anatoliy MATVIYENKO chairman]; Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (United) [Viktor MEDVEDCHUK chairman]; Socialist Party of Ukraine or SPU [Oleksandr MOROZ chairman]; Trudova Ukrayina/Working Ukraine [Igor SHAROV chairman]; Ukrainian Popular Movement or Rukh K [Yuriy KOSTENKO chairman]; United Social Democratic Party of Ukraine [Viktor MEDVEDCHUK]; Yabluko Party [Viktor CHAYKA chairman]

International organization participation: BSEC CCC CE CEI CIS EAPC EBRD ECE IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat (nonsignatory user) Interpol IOC IOM (observer) ISO ITU NAM (observer) NSG OAS (observer) OPCW OSCE PCA PFP UN UN Security Council (temporary) UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNMIBH UNMIK UNMOP UNMOT UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO (applicant) ZC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Ukraine: two equal horizontal bands of azure (top) and golden yellow represent grainfields under a blue sky

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Ukraine - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: After Russia the Ukrainian republic was far and away the most important economic component of the former Soviet Union producing about four times the output of the next-ranking republic. Its fertile black soil generated more than one-fourth of Soviet agricultural output and its farms provided substantial quantities of meat milk grain and vegetables to other republics. Likewise its diversified heavy industry supplied equipment and raw materials to industrial and mining sites in other regions of the former USSR. Ukraine depends on imports of energy especially natural gas. Shortly after the implosion of the USSR in December 1991 the Ukrainian Government liberalized most prices and erected a legal framework for privatization but widespread resistance to reform within the government and the legislature soon stalled reform efforts and led to some backtracking. Output in 1992-99 fell to less than 40% the 1991 level. Loose monetary policies pushed inflation to hyperinflationary levels in late 1993. Since his election in July 1994 President KUCHMA has pushed economic reforms maintained financial discipline and tried to remove almost all remaining controls over prices and foreign trade. The onset of the financial crisis in Russia dashed Ukraine's hopes for its first year of economic growth in 1998 due to a sharp fall in export revenue and reduced domestic demand. Output continued to drop slightly in 1999. The government has also not been able to significantly decrease its huge backlog of wage and pension arrears. Despite increasing pressure from the IMF to accelerate reform substantial economic restructuring remains unlikely in 2000 largely because of resistance in the communist-dominated legislature to further privatization.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -0.4% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: grain sugar beets sunflower seeds vegetables; beef milk

Industries: coal electric power ferrous and nonferrous metals machinery and transport equipment chemicals food-processing (especially sugar)

Industrial production growth rate: 4.3% (1999 est.)

Labor force: 22.8 million (yearend 1997)
By occupation: industry and construction 32% agriculture and forestry 24% health education and culture 17% trade and distribution 8% transport and communication 7% other 12% (1996)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4.3% officially registered; large number of unregistered or underemployed workers (December 1999)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 50% (1999 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 20% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $11.6 billion (1999 est.)
Commodities: ferrous and nonferrous metals fuel and petroleum products machinery and transport equipment food products
Partners: Russia 20% EU 17% China 7% Turkey 6% US 4% (1999)

Imports: $11.8 billion (1999 est.)
Commodities: energy machinery and parts transportation equipment chemicals
Partners: Russia 48% EU 23% US 3% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $12.6 billion (January 2000 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: hryvnia per US$1 - 5.59 (February 2000) 5.3811 (January 2000) 4.1304 (1999) 2.4495 (1998) 1.8617 (1997) 1.8295 (1996) 1.4731 (1995)

Ukraine - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 171 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity consumption: 144.011 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 7 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 4.15 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Ukraine - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 236,000 (1998)

Telephone system: Ukraine's telecommunication development plan running through 2005 emphasizes improving domestic trunk lines and international connections and developing a mobile cellular system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Ukraine - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $500 million (FY99)
Percent of gdp: 1.4% (FY99)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Ukraine - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 706 (1994 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways


Pipelines: crude oil 4,000 km (1995); petroleum products 4,500 km (1995); natural gas 34,400 km (1998)



Waterways: 4,400 km navigable waterways of which 1672 km were on the Pryp'yat' and Dnistr (1990)

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Ukraine - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international: dispute with Romania over continental shelf of the Black Sea under which significant gas and oil deposits may exist; agreed in 1997 to two-year negotiating period after which either party can refer dispute to the ICJ; has made no territorial claim in Antarctica (but has reserved the right to do so) and does not recognize the claims of any other nation

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: limited cultivation of cannabis and opium poppy mostly for CIS consumption; some synthetic drug production for export to West; limited government eradication program; used as transshipment point for opiates and other illicit drugs from Africa Latin America and Turkey and to Europe and Russia; drug-related money laundering a minor but growing problem

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