Statistical information Zambia 2000Zambia

Map of Zambia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Zambia in the World

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Zambia - Introduction 2000
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Background: The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the South Africa Company from 1891 until takeover by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties.


Zambia - Geography 2000
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Location: Southern Africa east of Angola

Geographic coordinates: 15 00 S 30 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Comparative: slightly larger than Texas

Land boundaries

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

Terrain: mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains

Elevation

Natural resources: copper cobalt zinc lead coal emeralds gold silver uranium hydropower
Land use

Land use

Irrigated land: 460 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: tropical storms (November to April)

Geography
Note: landlocked


Zambia - People 2000
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Population: 9,582,418
Growth rate: 1.95% (2000 est.)
Below poverty line: 86% (1993 est.)

Nationality

Ethnic groups: African 98.7% European 1.1% other 0.2%

Languages: English (official) major vernaculars - Bemba Kaonda Lozi Lunda Luvale Nyanja Tonga and about 70 other indigenous languages

Religions: Christian 50%-75% Muslim and Hindu 24%-49% indigenous beliefs 1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.95% (2000 est.)

Birth rate: 41.9 births/1000 population (2000 est.)

Death rate: 22.08 deaths/1000 population (2000 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.33 migrant(s)/1000 population (2000 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros and elephant populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 92.38 deaths/1000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate: 5.62 children born/woman (2000 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Zambia - Government 2000
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Country name

Government type: republic

Capital: Lusaka

Administrative divisions: 9 provinces; Central Copperbelt Eastern Luapula Lusaka Northern North-Western Southern Western

Dependent areas

Independence: 24 October 1964 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 24 October (1964)

Constitution: 2 August 1991

Legal system: based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (150 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court justices are appointed by the president

Political parties and leaders: Agenda for Zambia or AZ [Akashambatwa LEWANIKA]; Labor Party or LP [Chibiza MFUNI]; Liberal Progressive Front or LPF [Roger CHONGWE president]; Movement for Democratic Process or MDP [Chama CHAKOM BOKA]; Movement for Multiparty Democracy or MMD [Frederick CHILUBA]; National Party or NP [Daniel LISULO]; United National Independence Party or UNIP [Kenneth KAUNDA]; United Party for National Development or UPND [Anderson MAZOKA]; Zambia Alliance for Progress or ZAP [Ben KAPILA]; Zambia Democratic Congress or Zadeco [Azwell BANDA]

International organization participation: ACP AfDB C CCC ECA FAO G-19 G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ITU MONUC NAM OAU OPCW SADC UN UNAMSIL UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNMIK UPU WCL WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Zambia: green with a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side) black and orange below a soaring orange eagle on the outer edge of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Zambia - Economy 2000
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Economy overview: Despite progress in privatization and budgetary reform Zambia's economy has a long way to go. The recent privatization of the huge government-owned Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines (ZCCM) should greatly improve Zambia's prospects for international debt relief as the government will no longer have to cover the mammoth losses generated by that sector. Inflation and unemployment rates remain high however.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.5% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products: corn sorghum rice peanuts sunflower seed tobacco cotton sugarcane cassava (tapioca); cattle goats pigs poultry beef pork poultry milk eggs hides; coffee

Industries: copper mining and processing construction foodstuffs beverages chemicals textiles fertilizer

Industrial production growth rate: -4% (1998)

Labor force: 3.4 million
By occupation agriculture: 85%
By occupation industry: 6%
By occupation services: 9%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 25% (1998)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 86% (1993 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 27.4% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $900 million (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: copper cobalt electricity tobacco
Partners: Japan Saudi Arabia India Thailand South Africa US Malaysia (1997)

Imports: $1.15 billion (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: machinery transportation equipment foodstuffs fuels petroleum products electricity fertilizer
Partners: South Africa 48% Saudi Arabia UK Zimbabwe (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $6.7 billion (1998 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Zambian kwacha (ZK) per US$1 - 2,662 (January 2000) 2,388 (1999) 1862.07 (1998) 1314.50 (1997) 1207.90 (1996) 864.12 (1995)


Zambia - Energy 2000
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 8.16 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity consumption: 6.419 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity exports: 1.2 billion kWh (1998)

Electricity imports: 30 million kWh (1998)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Zambia - Communication 2000
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 6,000 (1998)

Telephone system: facilities are among the best in Sub-Saharan Africa

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Zambia - Military 2000
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $76 million (FY97)
Percent of gdp: 1.8% (FY97)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Zambia - Transportation 2000
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 112 (1999 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 1724 km

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: 2,250 km including Zambezi and Luapula rivers Lake Tanganyika

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Zambia - Transnational issues 2000
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs: transshipment point for methaqualone heroin and cocaine bound for Southern Africa and Europe; regional money-laundering center


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