Anguilla 2001Anguilla

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Anguilla
Anguilla 

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Anguilla - Introduction 2001
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Background: Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650 Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971 two years after a revolt Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980 with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.


Anguilla - Geography 2001
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Location: Caribbean island in the Caribbean Sea east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N 63 10 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Total: 91 km²
Land: 91 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: about half the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 61 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 3 NM

Climate: tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds

Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m

Natural resources: salt fish lobster
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)

Geography


Anguilla - People 2001
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Population: 12,132 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 2.68% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Anguillan
Adjective: Anguillan

Ethnic groups: black

Languages: English (official)

Religions: Anglican 40% Methodist 33% Seventh-Day Adventist 7% Baptist 5% Roman Catholic 3% other 12%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 25.55% (male 1,574; female 1,526)
15-64 years: 67.47% (male 4,200; female 3,985)
65 years and over: 6.98% (male 376; female 471) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.68% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 15.17 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 5.61 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 17.23 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male/female
Total population: 1.03 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 24.56 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.31 years
Male: 73.41 years
Female: 79.29 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.79 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 12 and over can read and write
Total population: 95%
Male: 95%
Female: 95% (1984 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Anguilla - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Anguilla

Government type: NA

Capital: The Valley

Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)

National holiday: Anguilla Day 30 May

Constitution: Anguilla Constitutional Order 1 April 1982; amended 1990

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Peter JOHNSTON (since NA February 2000)
Head of government: Chief Minister Osbourne FLEMING (since 3 March 2000)
Cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 3 March 2000 (next to be held NA March 2005)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - UF 4, AUM 2, independent 1

Judicial branch: High Court (judge provided by Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)

Political parties and leaders: Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; The United Front or UF [Osbourne FLEMMING Victor BANKS] a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA

International organization participation: Caricom (associate) CDB Interpol (subbureau) OECS (associate) ECLAC (associate)

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas territory of the UK)
From the us: none (overseas territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Anguilla: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with blue wavy water below

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Anguilla - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Anguilla has few natural resources and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism offshore banking lobster fishing and remittances from emigrants. The economy and especially the tourism sector suffered a setback in late 1995 due to the effects of Hurricane Luis in September but recovered in 1996. Increased activity in the tourism industry which has spurred the growth of the construction sector has contributed to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector. A comprehensive package of financial services legislation was enacted in late 1994. In the medium term prospects for the economy will depend on the tourism sector and therefore on continuing income growth in the industrialized nations as well as favorable weather conditions.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 7% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 4%
Industry: 18%
Services: 78% (1997 est.)

Agriculture products: small quantities of tobacco vegetables; cattle raising

Industries: tourism boat building offshore financial services

Industrial production growth rate: 3.1% (1997 est.)

Labor force: 4,400 (1992)
By occupation commerce: 36%
By occupation services: 29%
By occupation construction: 18%
By occupation transportation and utilities: 10%
By occupation manufacturing: 3%
By occupation agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 4%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 7% (1992 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $20.4 million
Expenditures: $23.3 million, including capital expenditures of $3.8 million (1997 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.5% (1998 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $4.5 million (1998)
Commodities: lobster fish livestock salt
Partners: NA

Imports: $57.6 million (1998)
Commodities: NA
Partners: NA

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $8.8 million (1998)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)


Anguilla - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh
By source fossil fuel: NA%
By source hydro: NA%
By source nuclear: NA%
By source other: NA%

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Anguilla - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: modern internal telephone system
International: microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe and Netherlands Antilles)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .ai

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Anguilla - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Anguilla - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 2
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 2
Under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Anguilla - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Iberostar Hotels


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