Statistical information American Samoa 2001American%20Samoa

Map of American Samoa | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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American Samoa in the World
American Samoa in the World

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American Samoa - Introduction 2001
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Background: Settled as early as 1000 B. C. Samoa was 'discovered' by European explorers in the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.


American Samoa - Geography 2001
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Location: Oceania group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates: 14 20 S 170 00 W

Map referenceOceania

Area
Total: 199 km²
Land: 199 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes Rose Island and Swains Island
Comparative: slightly larger than Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 116 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical marine moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season from November to April dry season from May to October; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: five volcanic islands with rugged peaks and limited coastal plains two coral atolls (Rose Island Swains Island)

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Lata 966 m

Natural resources: pumice pumicite
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 5%
Permanent crops: 10%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 70%
Other: 15% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons common from December to March

Geography
Note: Pago Pago has one of the best natural deepwater harbors in the South Pacific Ocean sheltered by shape from rough seas and protected by peripheral mountains from high winds; strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean


American Samoa - People 2001
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Population: 67,084 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 2.42% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: American Samoan
Adjective: American Samoan

Ethnic groups: Samoan (Polynesian) 89% Caucasian 2% Tongan 4% other 5%

Languages
Note: most people are bilingual

Religions: Christian Congregationalist 50% Roman Catholic 20% Protestant and other 30%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 38.44% (male 13,278; female 12,512)
15-64 years: 56.57% (male 18,784; female 19,163)
65 years and over: 4.99% (male 1,779; female 1,568) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.42% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 24.88 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 4.31 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 3.58 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; the water division of the government has spent substantial funds in the past few years to improve water catchments and pipelines

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.06 male/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male/female
65 years and over: 1.13 male/female
Total population: 1.02 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 10.36 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 75.32 years
Male: 70.89 years
Female: 80.02 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.5 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 97%
Male: 98%
Female: 97% (1980 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


American Samoa - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of American Samoa
Conventional short form: American Samoa
Abbreviation: AS

Government type: NA

Capital: Pago Pago

Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government but there are three districts and two islands* at the second order; Eastern Manu'a Rose Island* Swains Island* Western

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of the US)

National holiday: Flag Day 17 April (1900)

Constitution: ratified 1966 in effect 1967

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001) and Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)
Head of government: Governor Tauese P. SUNIA (since 3 January 1997) and Lieutenant Governor Togiola TULAFONO (since 3 January 1997)
Cabinet: NA
Elections: US president and vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)
Election results: Tauese P. SUNIA reelected governor; percent of vote - Tauese P. SUNIA (Democrat) 50.7%, Lealaifuaneva Peter REID (independent) 47.8%

Legislative branch
Elections: House of Representatives - last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2002); Senate - last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)
Election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; note - only independents elected
Note: American Samoa elects one delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2002); results - Eni F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA (Democrat) reelected as delegate for a sixth term

Judicial branch: High Court (chief justice and associate justices are appointed by the US Secretary of the Interior)

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party [leader NA]; Republican Party [leader NA]

International organization participation: ESCAP (associate) Interpol (subbureau) IOC SPC

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of the US)
From the us: none (territory of the US)

Flag descriptionflag of American%20Samoa: blue with a white triangle edged in red that is based on the outer side and extends to the hoist side; a brown and white American bald eagle flying toward the hoist side is carrying two traditional Samoan symbols of authority a staff and a war club

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


American Samoa - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: This is a traditional Polynesian economy in which more than 90% of the land is communally owned. Economic activity is strongly linked to the US with which American Samoa conducts the great bulk of its foreign trade. Tuna fishing and tuna processing plants are the backbone of the private sector with canned tuna the primary export. Transfers from the US Government add substantially to American Samoa's economic well-being. Attempts by the government to develop a larger and broader economy are restrained by Samoa's remote location its limited transportation and its devastating hurricanes. Tourism a developing sector has been held back by the recurring financial difficulties in East Asia.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: bananas coconuts vegetables taro breadfruit yams copra pineapples papayas; dairy products livestock

Industries: tuna canneries (largely dependent on foreign fishing vessels) handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 14,000 (1996)
By occupation: government 33% tuna canneries 34% other 33% (1990)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 16% (1993)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $121 million (37% in local revenue and 63% in US grants)
Expenditures: $127 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY96/97)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $500 million (1998)
Commodities: canned tuna 93%
Partners: US 99.6%

Imports: $471 million (1996)
Commodities: materials for canneries 56% food 8% petroleum products 7% machinery and parts 6%
Partners: US 62% Japan 9% NZ 7% Australia 11% Fiji 4% other 7%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: the US dollar is used


American Samoa - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 130 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 120.9 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


American Samoa - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 2,550 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: good telex, telegraph, facsimile and cellular telephone services; domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .as

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions


American Samoa - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


American Samoa - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 4 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 2
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 2
Under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


American Samoa - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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