Statistical information Andorra 2001Andorra

Map of Andorra | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Andorra in the World
Andorra in the World

Sightseeing Pass

Andorra - Introduction 2001
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Background: Long isolated and impoverished mountainous Andorra has achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.

Andorra - Geography 2001
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Location: Southwestern Europe between France and Spain

Geographic coordinates: 42 30 N 1 30 E

Map referenceEurope

Total: 468 km²
Land: 468 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries
Total: 120.3 km
Border countries: (2) France 56.6 km; , Spain 63.7 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate; snowy cold winters and warm dry summers

Terrain: rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys

Extremes lowest point: Riu Runer 840 m
Extremes highest point: Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m

Natural resources: hydropower mineral water timber iron ore lead
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 4%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 45%
Forests and woodland: 35%
Other: 16% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: snowslides avalanches

Note: landlocked

Andorra - People 2001
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Population: 67,627 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 1.17% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Andorran
Adjective: Andorran

Ethnic groups: Spanish 43% Andorran 33% Portuguese 11% French 7% other 6% (1998)

Languages: Catalan (official) French Castilian

Religions: Roman Catholic (predominant)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 15.29% (male 5,425; female 4,917)
15-64 years: 72.06% (male 25,654; female 23,078)
65 years and over: 12.65% (male 4,299; female 4,254) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.17% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 10.29 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 5.41 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 6.82 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; overgrazing of mountain meadows contributes to soil erosion; air pollution; wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal
International agreements party to: Hazardous Wastes
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.07 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.1 male/female
15-64 years: 1.11 male/female
65 years and over: 1.01 male/female
Total population: 1.1 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 4.08 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 83.47 years
Male: 80.57 years
Female: 86.57 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.25 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: NA
Total population: 100%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Andorra - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Principality of Andorra
Conventional short form: Andorra
Local long form: Principat d'Andorra
Local short form: Andorra

Government type: parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains as its heads of state a coprincipality; the two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seo de Urgel Spain who are represented locally by coprinces' representatives

Capital: Andorra la Vella

Administrative divisions: 7 parishes (parroquies singular - parroquia); Andorra la Vella Canillo Encamp La Massana Escaldes-Engordany Ordino Sant Julia de Loria

Dependent areas

Independence: 1278 (was formed under the joint suzerainty of France and Spain)

National holiday: Our Lady of Meritxell Day 8 September (1278)

Constitution: Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991; approved by referendum 14 March 1993; came into force 4 May 1993

Legal system: based on French and Spanish civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: French Coprince Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995), represented by Frederic de SAINT-SERNIN (since NA); Spanish Coprince Episcopal Monseigneur Joan MARTI Alanis (since 31 January 1971), represented by Nemesi MARQUES OSTE (since NA)
Head of government: Executive Council President Marc FORNE Molne (since 21 December 1994)
Cabinet: Executive Council or Govern designated by the Executive Council president
Elections: Executive Council president elected by the General Council and formally appointed by the coprinces for a four-year term; election last held 16 February 1997 (next to be held NA 2001)
Election results: Marc FORNE Molne elected executive council president; percent of General Council vote - 64%

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 16 February 1997 (next to be held NA February 2001)
Election results: percent of vote by party - UL 57%, AND 21%, IDN 7%, ND 7%, other 8%; seats by party - UL 16, AND 6, ND 2, IDN 2, UPO 2

Judicial branch: Tribunal of Judges or Tribunal de Batlles; Tribunal of the Courts or Tribunal de Corts; Supreme Court of Justice of Andorra or Tribunal Superior de Justicia d'Andorra; Supreme Council of Justice or Consell Superior de la Justicia; Fiscal Ministry or Ministeri Fiscal; Constitutional Tribunal or Tribunal Constitucional

Political parties and leaders
Note: there are two other small parties

International organization participation: CCC CE ECE ICAO ICRM IFRCS Interpol IOC ITU OSCE UN UNESCO WHO WIPO WToO WTrO (observer)

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant)
In the us chancery: 2 United Nations Plaza, 25th Floor, New York, NY 10,017
In the us telephone: [1] (212) 750-8,064
In the us fax: [1] (212) 750-6,630
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Andorra; the US Ambassador to Spain is accredited to Andorra; US interests in Andorra are represented by the Consulate General's office in Barcelona (Spain); mailing address: Paseo Reina Elisenda 23 8,034 Barcelona Spain; telephone: (3,493) 280-2,227; FAX: (3,493) 205-7,705

Flag descriptionflag of Andorra: three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side) yellow and red with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the coat of arms features a quartered shield; similar to the flags of Chad and Romania which do not have a national coat of arms in the center and the flag of Moldova which does bear a national emblem

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Andorra - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Tourism the mainstay of Andorra's tiny well-to-do economy accounts for roughly 80% of GDP. An estimated 9 million tourists visit annually attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs. The banking sector with its 'tax haven' status also contributes substantially to the economy. Agricultural production is limited by a scarcity of arable land: and most food has to be imported. The principal livestock activity is sheep raising. Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes cigars and furniture. Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: small quantities of tobacco rye wheat barley oats vegetables; sheep

Industries: tourism (particularly skiing) cattle raising timber tobacco banking

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 30,787 salaried employees (1998)
By occupation agriculture: 1%
By occupation industry: 21%
By occupation services: 78% (1998)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 0%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $385 million
Expenditures: $342 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.62% (1998)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $58 million (f.o.b. 1998)
Commodities: tobacco products furniture
Partners: France 34% Spain 58% (1998)

Imports: $1.077 billion (c.i.f. 1998)
Commodities: consumer goods food electricity
Partners: Spain 48% France 35% US 2.3% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (January 2001) 1.0854 (2000) 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998) 5.8367 (1997) 5.1155 (1996); Spanish pesetas per US dollar - 149.40 (1998) 146.41 (1997) 126.66 (1996)

Andorra - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production
By source fossil fuel: NA%
By source hydro: NA%
By source nuclear: NA%
By source other: NA%

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports: NA kWh

Electricity imports
Note: most electricity supplied by Spain and France; Andorra generates a small amount of hydropower

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Andorra - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 14,117 (December 1998)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: modern system with microwave radio relay connections between exchanges
International: landline circuits to France and Spain

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .ad

Internet users: 5,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Andorra - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Andorra - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: none (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Andorra - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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