Statistical information Antigua and Barbuda 2001Antigua%20and%20Barbuda

Map of Antigua and Barbuda | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Antigua and Barbuda in the World
Antigua and Barbuda in the World


Antigua and Barbuda - Introduction 2001
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Background: The islands of Antigua and Barbuda became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981. Some 3,000 refugees fleeing a volcanic eruption on nearby Montserrat have settled in Antigua and Barbuda since 1995.

Antigua and Barbuda - Geography 2001
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Location: Caribbean islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean east-southeast of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates: 17 03 N 61 48 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total: 442 km² (Antigua 281 km²; Barbuda 161 km²)
Land: 442 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes Redonda
Comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 153 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 NM
Continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

Terrain: mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands with some higher volcanic areas

Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m

Natural resources: NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 18%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 9%
Forests and woodland: 11%
Other: 62% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts


Antigua and Barbuda - People 2001
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Population: 66,970 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.74% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Antiguan, Barbudan
Adjective: Antiguan, Barbudan

Ethnic groups: black British Portuguese Lebanese Syrian

Languages: English (official) local dialects

Religions: Anglican (predominant) other Protestant some Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 27.97% (male 9,527; female 9,203)
15-64 years: 67.15% (male 22,450; female 22,519)
65 years and over: 4.88% (male 1,360; female 1,911) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.74% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 19.5 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 5.87 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -6.27 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: water management - a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources - is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production causing rainfall to run off quickly
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male/female
15-64 years: 1 male/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male/female
Total population: 0.99 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 22.33 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 70.74 years
Male: 68.45 years
Female: 73.14 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.31 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling
Total population: 89%
Male: 90%
Female: 88% (1960 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Antigua and Barbuda - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Antigua and Barbuda

Government type: constitutional monarchy with UK-style parliament

Capital: Saint John's

Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 2 dependencies*; Barbuda* Redonda* Saint George Saint John Saint Mary Saint Paul Saint Peter Saint Philip

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 November 1981 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 1 November (1981)

Constitution: 1 November 1981

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General James B. CARLISLE (since NA 1993)
Head of government: Prime Minister Lester Bryant BIRD (since 8 March 1994)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general chosen by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister; prime minister appointed by the governor general

Legislative branch
Elections: House of Representatives - last held 9 March 1999 (next to be held NA March 2004)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - ALP 12, UPP 4, independent 1

Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based in Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of the islands and presides over the Court of Summary Jurisdiction)

Political parties and leaders: Antigua Labor Party or ALP [Lester Bryant BIRD]; Barbuda People's Movement or BPM [Thomas H. FRANK]; United Progressive Party or UPP [Baldwin SPENCER] (a coalition of three opposition parties - United National Democratic Party or UNDP Antigua Caribbean Liberation Movement or ACLM and Progressive Labor Movement or PLM)

International organization participation: ACP C Caricom CDB ECLAC FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat (nonsignatory user) Interpol IOC ITU NAM (observer) OAS OECS OPANAL UN UNCTAD UNESCO UPU WCL WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Lionel Alexander HURST
In the us chancery: 3,216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,016
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 362-5,211
In the us fax: [1] (202) 362-5,225
In the us consulates general: Miami
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Antigua and Barbuda (embassy closed 30 June 1994); the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Antigua and Barbuda

Flag descriptionflag of Antigua%20and%20Barbuda: red with an inverted isosceles triangle based on the top edge of the flag; the triangle contains three horizontal bands of black (top) light blue and white with a yellow rising sun in the black band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Antigua and Barbuda - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Tourism continues to be the dominant activity in the economy accounting directly or indirectly for more than half of GDP. The budding offshore financial sector has been seriously hurt by financial sanctions imposed by the US and UK as a result of the loosening of its money-laundering controls. The government has made efforts to comply with international demands in order to get the sanctions lifted. Antigua and Barbuda was listed as a tax haven by the OECD in 2000. The dual island nation's agricultural production is mainly directed to the domestic market; the sector is constrained by the limited water supply and labor shortages that reflect the pull of higher wages in tourism and construction. Manufacturing comprises enclave-type assembly for export with major products being bedding handicrafts and electronic components. Prospects for economic growth in the medium term will continue to depend on income growth in the industrialized world especially in the US which accounts for about one-third of all tourist arrivals.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4.6% (1999 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 4%
Industry: 12.5%
Services: 83.5% (1996 est.)

Agriculture products: cotton fruits vegetables bananas coconuts cucumbers mangoes sugarcane; livestock

Industries: tourism construction light manufacturing (clothing alcohol household appliances)

Industrial production growth rate: 6% (1997 est.)

Labor force: 30,000
By occupation commerce and services: 82%
By occupation agriculture: 11%
By occupation industry: 7% (1983)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 7% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $122.6 million
Expenditures: $141.2 million, including capital expenditures of $17.3 million (1997 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.6% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $38 million (1998)
Commodities: petroleum products 48% manufactures 23% machinery and transport equipment 17% food and live animals 4% other 8%
Partners: OECS 26% Barbados 15% Guyana 4% Trinidad and Tobago 2% US 0.3%

Imports: $330 million (1998)
Commodities: food and live animals machinery and transport equipment manufactures chemicals oil
Partners: US 27% UK 16% Canada 4% OECS 3%

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $357 million (1998)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)

Antigua and Barbuda - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 95 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 88.4 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Antigua and Barbuda - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1300 (1996)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: good automatic telephone system
International: 1 coaxial submarine cable; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); tropospheric scatter to Saba (Netherlands Antilles) and Guadeloupe

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .ag

Internet users: 8,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Antigua and Barbuda - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Antigua and Barbuda - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 1
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)



Total: 77 km
Narrow gauge: 64 km 0.760-m gauge; 13 km 0.610-m gauge (used almost exclusively for handling sugarcane)


Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 681 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,070,390 GRT/5,289,904 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 15, cargo 424, chemical tanker 10, combination bulk 4, container 176, liquefied gas 4, multi-functional large-load carrier 6, petroleum tanker 2, refrigerated cargo 11, roll on/roll off 29
Note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Cyprus 2, Germany 4, Slovenia 2 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Antigua and Barbuda - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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