Statistical information Barbados 2001Barbados

Map of Barbados | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Barbados in the World
Barbados in the World

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Barbados - Introduction 2001
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Background: The island was uninhabited when first settled by the British in 1627. Its economy remained heavily dependent on sugar rum and molasses production through most of the 20th century. In the 1990s tourism and manufacturing surpassed the sugar industry in economic importance.


Barbados - Geography 2001
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Location: Caribbean island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean northeast of Venezuela

Geographic coordinates: 13 10 N 59 32 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Total: 430 km²
Land: 430 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 97 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to October)

Terrain: relatively flat; rises gently to central highland region

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Hillaby 336 m

Natural resources: petroleum fish natural gas
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 37%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 5%
Forests and woodland: 12%
Other: 46% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: infrequent hurricanes; periodic landslides

Geography
Note: easternmost Caribbean island


Barbados - People 2001
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Population: 275,330 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.46% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial)
Adjective: Barbadian or Bajan (colloquial)

Ethnic groups: black 80% white 4% other 16%

Languages: English

Religions: Protestant 67% (Anglican 40% Pentecostal 8% Methodist 7% other 12%) Roman Catholic 4% none 17% other 12%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 21.68% (male 30,122; female 29,572)
15-64 years: 69.44% (male 93,283; female 97,915)
65 years and over: 8.88% (male 9,432; female 15,006) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.46% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 13.47 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 8.53 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.32 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: pollution of coastal waters from waste disposal by ships; soil erosion; illegal solid waste disposal threatens contamination of aquifers
International agreements party to: Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
International agreements signed but not ratified: Biodiversity

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.01 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male/female
Total population: 0.93 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 12.04 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 73.25 years
Male: 70.66 years
Female: 75.86 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.64 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: 1.17% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 1800 (1999 est.)
Deaths: 130 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population: 97.4%
Male: 98%
Female: 96.8% (1995 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Barbados - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Barbados

Government type: parliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth

Capital: Bridgetown

Administrative divisions: 11 parishes; Christ Church Saint Andrew Saint George Saint James Saint John Saint Joseph Saint Lucy Saint Michael Saint Peter Saint Philip Saint Thomas; note - the city of Bridgetown may be given parish status

Dependent areas

Independence: 30 November 1966 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 30 November (1966)

Constitution: 30 November 1966

Legal system: English common law; no judicial review of legislative acts

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Sir Clifford Straughn HUSBANDS (since 1 June 1996)
Head of government: Prime Minister Owen Seymour ARTHUR (since 6 September 1994); Deputy Prime Minister Billie MILLER (since 6 September 1994)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; prime minister appointed by the governor general

Legislative branch
Elections: House of Assembly - last held 20 January 1999 (next to be held by January 2004)
Election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - BLP 26, DLP 2

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Judicature (judges are appointed by the Service Commissions for the Judicial and Legal Services)

Political parties and leaders: Barbados Labor Party or BLP [Owen ARTHUR]; Democratic Labor Party or DLP [David THOMPSON]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Richard HAYNES]

International organization participation: ACP C Caricom CCC CDB ECLAC FAO G-77 IADB IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC ISO ITU LAES NAM OAS OPANAL UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Michael KING
In the us chancery: 2,144 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 939-9,200
In the us fax: [1] (202) 332-7,467
In the us consulates general: Miami and New York
In the us consulates: Los Angeles
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador James A. DALEY
From the us embassy: Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Building, Broad Street, Bridgetown
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 302, Bridgetown; FPO AA 34,055
From the us telephone: [1] (246) 436-4,950
From the us fax: [1] (246) 429-5,246

Flag descriptionflag of Barbados: three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side) gold and blue with the head of a black trident centered on the gold band; the trident head represents independence and a break with the past (the colonial coat of arms contained a complete trident)

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Barbados - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Historically the Barbadian economy had been dependent on sugarcane cultivation and related activities but production in recent years has diversified into manufacturing and tourism. The start of the Port Charles Marina project in Speightstown helped the tourism industry continue to expand in 1996-2000. Offshore finance and information services are important foreign exchange earners and there is also a light manufacturing sector. The government continues its efforts to reduce unemployment encourage direct foreign investment and privatize remaining state-owned enterprises. Growth should remain steady in 2001 with new tourist facilities a plus factor.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2.8% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 4%
Industry: 16%
Services: 80% (1998)

Agriculture products: sugarcane vegetables cotton

Industries: tourism sugar light manufacturing component assembly for export

Industrial production growth rate: 0.8% (1996)

Labor force: 136,000 (1998 est.)
By occupation services: 75%
By occupation industry: 15%
By occupation agriculture: 10% (1996 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 11% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $725.5 million
Expenditures: $750.6 million, including capital expenditures of $126.3 million (FY97/98 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $260 million (2000 est.)
Commodities: sugar and molasses rum other foods and beverages chemicals electrical components clothing
Partners: UK 14.8% US 11.6% Trinidad and Tobago 7.6% Venezuela 6.1% Jamaica 5.8% (1998)

Imports: $800.3 million (2000 est.)
Commodities: consumer goods machinery foodstuffs construction materials chemicals fuel electrical components
Partners: US 30.7% Trinidad and Tobago 10.2% Japan 8.3% UK 7.7% Canada 2.2% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $425 million (2000 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Barbadian dollars per US dollar - 2.0000 (fixed rate pegged to the US dollar)


Barbados - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 718 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 667.7 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Barbados - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 8,013 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: island-wide automatic telephone system
International: satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); tropospheric scatter to Trinidad and Saint Lucia

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .bb

Internet users: 6,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Barbados - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Barbados - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
Over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 47 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 671,545 GRT/1,125,635 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 10, cargo 28, combination bulk 1, container 2, petroleum tanker 4, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 1
Note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Canada 2, Hong Kong 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Barbados - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Sightseeing Pass


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