Statistical information British Indian Ocean Territory 2001British%20Indian%20Ocean%20Territory

Map of British Indian Ocean Territory | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

British Indian Ocean Territory in the World
British Indian Ocean Territory in the World

Qatar Airways

British Indian Ocean Territory - Introduction 2001
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Background: Established as a territory of the UK in 1965 a number of the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) islands were transferred to the Seychelles when it attained independence in 1976. Subsequently BIOT has consisted only of the six main island groups comprising the Chagos Archipelago. The largest and most southerly of the islands Diego Garcia contains a joint UK-US naval support facility. All of the remaining islands are uninhabited. Former agricultural workers earlier resident in the islands were relocated primarily to Mauritius but also to the Seychelles between 1967 and 1973. In 2000 a British High Court ruling invalidated the local immigration order which had excluded them from the archipelago but upheld the special military status of Diego Garcia.

British Indian Ocean Territory - Geography 2001
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Location: Southern Asia archipelago in the Indian Ocean about one-half the way from Africa to Indonesia

Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S 71 30 E

Map referenceWorld

Total: 60 km²
Land: 60 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes the entire Chagos Archipelago
Comparative: about 0.3 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 698 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 3 NM

Climate: tropical marine; hot humid moderated by trade winds

Terrain: flat and low (most areas do not exceed four meters in elevation)

Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location on Diego Garcia 15 m

Natural resources: coconuts fish sugarcane
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: NA%
Other: NA%

Irrigated land: 0 km² (1993)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: archipelago of 2,300 islands; Diego Garcia largest and southernmost island occupies strategic location in central Indian Ocean; island is site of joint US-UK military facility

British Indian Ocean Territory - People 2001
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Note: approximately 1,200 former agricultural workers resident in the Chagos Archipelago, often referred to as Chagossians or Ilois, were relocated to Mauritius and the Seychelles around the time of the construction of UK-US military facilities; in 1995, there were approximately 1,700 UK and US military personnel and 1,500 civilian contractors living on the island of Diego Garcia


Ethnic groups



Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

British Indian Ocean Territory - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: British Indian Ocean Territory
Conventional short form: none
Abbreviation: BIOT

Government type


Administrative divisions

Dependent areas


National holiday


Legal system: the laws of the UK where applicable apply

International law organization participation



Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Head of government: Commissioner John WHITE (since NA); Administrator Louise SAVILL (since NA); note - both reside in the UK
Cabinet: NA
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; commissioner and administrator appointed by the monarch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas territory of the UK)
From the us: none (overseas territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of British%20Indian%20Ocean%20Territory: white with six blue wavy horizontal stripes; the flag of the UK is in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the striped section bears a palm tree and yellow crown centered on the outer half of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

British Indian Ocean Territory - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: All economic activity is concentrated on the largest island of Diego Garcia where joint UK-US defense facilities are located. Construction projects and various services needed to support the military installations are done by military and contract employees from the UK Mauritius the Philippines and the US. There are no industrial or agricultural activities on the islands. When the Ilois return they plan to reestablish sugarcane production and fishing.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products


Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance



Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates

British Indian Ocean Territory - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh; note - electricity supplied by the US military

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

British Indian Ocean Territory - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system
General assessment: separate facilities for military and public needs are available
Domestic: all commercial telephone services are available, including connection to the Internet
International: international telephone service is carried by satellite (2000)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .io

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

British Indian Ocean Territory - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

British Indian Ocean Territory - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
Over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: none

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

British Indian Ocean Territory - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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