Statistical information Central African Republic 2001Central%20African%20Republic

Map of Central African Republic | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Central African Republic - Introduction 2001
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Background: The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - a civilian government was installed in 1993.

Central African Republic - Geography 2001
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Location: Central Africa north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N 21 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Total: 622,984 km²
Land: 622,984 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

Land boundaries
Total: 5,203 km
Border countries: (5) Cameroon 797 km; , Chad 1,197 km; , Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km; , Republic of the Congo 467 km; , Sudan 1,165 km

Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: tropical; hot dry winters; mild to hot wet summers

Terrain: vast flat to rolling monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

Extremes lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
Extremes highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m

Natural resources: diamonds uranium timber gold oil hydropower
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 3%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 5%
Forests and woodland: 75%
Other: 17% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hot dry dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

Note: landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

Central African Republic - People 2001
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Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 1.85% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Central African
Adjective: Central African

Ethnic groups: Baya 34% Banda 27% Sara 10% Mandjia 21% Mboum 4% M'Baka 4% Europeans 6,500 (including 1500 French)

Languages: French (official) Sangho (lingua franca and national language) Arabic Hunsa Swahili

Note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 43.23% (male 778,885; female 767,414)
15-64 years: 53% (male 929,717; female 965,947)
65 years and over: 3.77% (male 59,364; female 75,557) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.85% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 37.05 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 18.53 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished its reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94
International agreements signed but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male/female
Total population: 0.98 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 105.25 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 43.8 years
Male: 42.17 years
Female: 45.48 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.86 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 13.84% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 240,000 (1999 est.)
Deaths: 23,000 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 60%
Male: 68.5%
Female: 52.4% (1995 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Central African Republic - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Central African Republic
Conventional short form: none
Local long form: Republique Centrafricaine
Local short form: none
Former: Ubangi-Shari, Central African Empire
Abbreviation: CAR

Government type: republic

Capital: Bangui

Administrative divisions: 14 prefectures (prefectures singular - prefecture) 2 economic prefectures* (prefectures economiques singular - prefecture economique) and 1 commune**; Bamingui-Bangoran Bangui** Basse-Kotto Gribingui* Haute-Kotto Haute-Sangha Haut-Mbomou Kemo-Gribingui Lobaye Mbomou Nana-Mambere Ombella-Mpoko Ouaka Ouham Ouham-Pende Sangha* Vakaga

Dependent areas

Independence: 13 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Republic Day 1 December (1958)

Constitution: passed by referendum 29 December 1994; adopted 7 January 1995

Legal system: based on French law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Ange-Felix PATASSE (since 22 October 1993)
Head of government: Prime Minister Martin ZIGUELE (since 1 April 2001)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers
Elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 19 September 1999 (next to be held NA 2005); prime minister appointed by the president
Election results: Ange-Felix PATASSE reelected president; percent of vote - Ange-Felix PATASSE 51.63%, Andre KOLINGBA 19.38%, David DACKO 11.15%

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 22-23 November and 13 December 1998 (next to be held NA 2003)
Election results: percent of vote by party - MLPC 43%, RDC 18%, MDD 9%, FPP 6%, PSD 5%, ADP 4%, PUN 3%, FODEM 2%, PLD 2%, UPR 1%, FC 1%, independents 6%; seats by party - MLPC 47, RDC 20, MDD 8, FPP 7, PSD 6, ADP 5, PUN 3, FODEM 2, PLD 2, UPR 1, FC 1, independents 7
Note: the National Assembly is advised by the Economic and Regional Council or Conseil Economique et Regional; when they sit together they are called the Congress or Congres

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme; Constitutional Court (all judges appointed by the president); Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts

Political parties and leaders: Alliance for Democracy and Progress or ADP [Francois PEHOUA]; Central African Democratic Assembly or RDC [Andre KOLINGBA]; Civic Forum or FC [Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA]; Democratic Forum or FODEM [Charles MASSI]; Liberal Democratic Party or PLD [Nestor KOMBO-NAGUEMON]; Movement for Democracy and Development or MDD [David DACKO]; Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People or MLPC [the party of the president Ange-Felix PATASSE]; Patriotic Front for Progress or FPP [Abel GOUMBA]; People's Union for the Republic or UPR [leader NA]; National Unity Party or PUN [Jean-Paul NGOUPANDE]; Social Democratic Party or PSD [Enoch LAKOUE]


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Emmanuel TOUABOY
In the us chancery: 1618 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 483-7,800
In the us fax: [1] (202) 332-9,893
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Robert C. PERRY
From the us embassy: Avenue David Dacko, Bangui
From the us mailing address: B. P. 924, Bangui
From the us telephone: [236] 61 02 00
From the us fax: [236] 61 44 94

Flag descriptionflag of Central%20African%20Republic: four equal horizontal bands of blue (top) white green and yellow with a vertical red band in center; there is a yellow five-pointed star on the hoist side of the blue band

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Central African Republic - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Subsistence agriculture together with forestry remains the backbone of the economy of the Central African Republic (CAR) with more than 70% of the population living in outlying areas. The agricultural sector generates half of GDP. Timber has accounted for about 16% of export earnings and the diamond industry for nearly 54%. Important constraints to economic development include the CAR's landlocked position a poor transportation system a largely unskilled work force and a legacy of misdirected macroeconomic policies. The 50% devaluation of the currencies of 14 Francophone African nations on 12 January 1994 had mixed effects on the CAR's economy. Diamond timber coffee and cotton exports increased leading an estimated rise of GDP of 7% in 1994 and nearly 5% in 1995. Military rebellions and social unrest in 1996 were accompanied by widespread destruction of property and a drop in GDP of 2%. The IMF approved an Extended Structure Adjustment Facility in 1998 and the World Bank extended further credits in 1999 and approved a $10 million loan in early 2001. The government has set targets of 3.5% GDP growth in 2001 and 2002. As of January 2001 many civil servants were owed as much as 30 months pay leading them to go on strike and further damaging the economy.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3.5% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 53%
Industry: 20%
Services: 27% (1999 est.)

Agriculture products: cotton coffee tobacco manioc (tapioca) yams millet corn bananas; timber

Industries: diamond mining sawmills breweries textiles footwear assembly of bicycles and motorcycles

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6% (1993)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: 0.7%
Highest 10: 47.7% (1993)

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $638 million
Expenditures: $1.9 billion, including capital expenditures of $888 million (1994 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $166 million (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: diamonds timber cotton coffee tobacco
Partners: Benelux 64% Cote d'Ivoire Spain China Egypt France (1999)

Imports: $154 million (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: food textiles petroleum products machinery electrical equipment motor vehicles chemicals pharmaceuticals consumer goods industrial products
Partners: France 35% Cameroon 13% Benelux Cote d'Ivoire Germany Japan (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $790 million (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 699.21 (January 2001) 711.98 (2000) 615.70 (1999) 589.95 (1998) 583.67 (1997) 511.55 (1996); note - from 1 January 1999 the XAF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XAF per euro

Central African Republic - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 102 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 20.59%
By source hydro: 79.41%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 94.9 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Central African Republic - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 570 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: fair system
Domestic: network consists principally of microwave radio relay and low-capacity, low-powered radiotelephone communication
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .cf

Internet users: 1000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Central African Republic - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $29 million (FY96)
Percent of gdp: 2.2% (FY96)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Central African Republic - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 52 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 3
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 2 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 49
With unpaved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 10
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 23
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 15 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 3
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 49
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 10
914 to 1523 m: 23
Under 914 m: 15 (2000 est.)



Railways: 0 km


Note: traditional trade carried on by means of shallow-draft dugouts; Oubangui is the most important river, navigable all year to craft drawing 0.6 m or less; 282 km navigable to craft drawing as much as 1.8 m

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Central African Republic - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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