Statistical information Christmas Island 2001Christmas%20Island

Map of Christmas Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Christmas Island in the World
Christmas Island in the World


Christmas Island - Introduction 2001
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Background: Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery the island was annexed and settlement was begun by the UK in 1888. Phosphate mining began in the 1890s. The UK transferred sovereignty to Australia in 1958. The phosphate mine closed in 1987 was reopened four years later but the need for an alternative industry has spurred investment in tourism. Old mining areas are being restored and almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.

Christmas Island - Geography 2001
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Location: Southeastern Asia island in the Indian Ocean south of Indonesia

Geographic coordinates: 10 30 S 105 40 E

Map referenceSoutheast Asia

Total: 135 km²
Land: 135 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: about 0.7 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 138.9 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 12 NM
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 3 NM

Climate: tropical; heat and humidity moderated by trade winds

Terrain: steep cliffs along coast rise abruptly to central plateau

Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Murray Hill 361 m

Natural resources: phosphate
Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA%
Permanent crops: NA%
Permanent pastures: NA%
Forests and woodland: NA%
Other: NA%
Note: mainly tropical rainforest of which 60%-70% is in a national park

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

Note: located along major sea lanes of Indian Ocean

Christmas Island - People 2001
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Population: 2,771 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 7.77% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Christmas Islander
Adjective: Christmas Island

Ethnic groups: Chinese 61% Malay 25% European 11% other 3% no indigenous population

Languages: English Chinese Malay

Religions: Buddhist 55% Christian 15% Muslim 10% other 20% (1991)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA%
15-64 years: NA%
65 years and over: NA%

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 7.77% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population

Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1000 population

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: NA years
Male: NA years
Female: NA years

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Christmas Island - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Christmas Island
Conventional short form: Christmas Island

Government type: NA

Capital: The Settlement

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Australia)

National holiday: NA

Constitution: Christmas Island Act of 1958

Legal system: under the authority of the governor general of Australia and Australian law

International law organization participation



Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Australian governor general
Head of government: Administrator William Leonard TAYLOR (since 4 February 1999)
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia

Legislative branch
Elections: last held NA December 2000 (next to be held NA December 2001)
Election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 9

Judicial branch: Supreme Court; District Court; Magistrate's Court

Political parties and leaders: none

International organization participation: none

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of Australia)
From the us: none (territory of Australia)

Flag descriptionflag of Christmas%20Island: the flag of Australia is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Christmas Island - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Phosphate mining had been the only significant economic activity but in December 1987 the Australian Government closed the mine. In 1991 the mine was reopened by union workers. With the support of the government Australian-based Casinos Austria International Ltd. built a $34 million casino on Christmas Island which opened in 1993. As of yearend 1999 gaming facilities at the casino were temporarily closed but were expected to reopen in early 2000. Another economic prospect is the possible location of a space-launching site on the island.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: NA

Industries: tourism phosphate extraction (near depletion)

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: tourism 400 people mining 100 people (1995)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $NA
Expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: phosphate
Partners: Australia NZ

Imports: $NA
Commodities: consumer goods
Partners: principally Australia

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.7995 (January 2001) 1.7173 (2000) 1.5497 (1999) 1.5888 (1998) 1.3439 (1997) 1.2773 (1996)

Christmas Island - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh
By source fossil fuel: NA%
By source hydro: NA%
By source nuclear: NA%
By source other: NA%

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Christmas Island - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1999)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: NA
International: satellite earth stations - one Intelsat earth station provides telephone and telex service

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .cx

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Christmas Island - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Christmas Island - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 24 km to serve phosphate mines


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Christmas Island - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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