Statistical information Cocos Islands 2001Cocos%20Islands

Map of Cocos Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Cocos Islands in the World
Cocos Islands in the World


Cocos Islands - Introduction 2001
top of page

Background: The islands were discovered in 1609 but remained uninhabited until the 19th century. Annexed by the UK in 1857 they were transferred to the Australian Government in 1955. The population on the two inhabited islands is split between the mostly Europeans on West Island and the Malays on Home Island.

Cocos Islands - Geography 2001
top of page

Location: Southeastern Asia group of islands in the Indian Ocean south of Indonesia about one-half of the way from Australia to Sri Lanka

Geographic coordinates: 12 30 S 96 50 E

Map referenceSoutheast Asia

Total: 14 km²
Land: 14 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes the two main islands of West Island and Home Island
Comparative: about 24 times the size of The Mall in Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 2.6 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 3 NM

Climate: pleasant modified by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year; moderate rainfall

Terrain: flat low-lying coral atolls

Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location 5 m

Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 100% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: cyclones may occur in the early months of the year

Note: two coral atolls thickly covered with coconut palms and other vegetation

Cocos Islands - People 2001
top of page

Population: 633 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: -0.21% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Cocos Islander
Adjective: Cocos Islander

Ethnic groups: Europeans Cocos Malays

Languages: English Malay

Religions: Sunni Muslim 57% Christian 22% other 21% (1981 est.)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA%
15-64 years: NA%
65 years and over: NA%

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -0.21% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: NA births/1000 population

Death rate: NA deaths/1000 population

Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1000 population

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: fresh water resources are limited to rainwater accumulations in natural underground reservoirs

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1000 live births

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: NA years
Male: NA years
Female: NA years

Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Cocos Islands - Government 2001
top of page

Country name
Conventional long form: Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Conventional short form: Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Government type: NA

Capital: West Island

Administrative divisions: none (territory of Australia)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territory of Australia)

National holiday: NA

Constitution: Cocos (Keeling) Islands Act of 1955

Legal system: based upon the laws of Australia and local laws

International law organization participation


Suffrage: NA

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by the Australian governor general
Head of government: Administrator (non-resident) William Leonard TAYLOR (since 4 February 1999)
Cabinet: NA
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; administrator appointed by the governor general of Australia and represents the monarch and Australia

Legislative branch: unicameral Cocos (Keeling) Islands Shire Council (NA seats)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court

Political parties and leaders: none

International organization participation: none

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territory of Australia)
From the us: none (territory of Australia)

Flag descriptionflag of Cocos%20Islands: the flag of Australia is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Cocos Islands - Economy 2001
top of page

Economy overview: Grown throughout the islands coconuts are the sole cash crop. Copra and fresh coconuts are the major export earners. Small local gardens and fishing contribute to the food supply but additional food and most other necessities must be imported from Australia.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: vegetables bananas pawpaws coconuts

Industries: copra products and tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
By occupation: the Cocos Islands Cooperative Society Ltd. employs construction workers stevedores and lighterage workers; tourism employs others
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $NA
Expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: copra
Partners: Australia

Imports: $NA
Commodities: foodstuffs
Partners: Australia

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.7995 (January 2001) 1.7173 (2000) 1.5497 (1999) 1.5888 (1998) 1.3439 (1997) 1.2773 (1996)

Cocos Islands - Energy 2001
top of page

Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh
By source fossil fuel: NA%
By source hydro: NA%
By source nuclear: NA%
By source other: NA%

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Cocos Islands - Communication 2001
top of page

Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1999)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: NA
International: telephone, telex, and facsimile communications with Australia and elsewhere via satellite; 1 satellite earth station of NA type

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .cc

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Cocos Islands - Military 2001
top of page

Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Cocos Islands - Transportation 2001
top of page

National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Cocos Islands - Transnational issues 2001
top of page

Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


You found a piece of the puzzle

Please click here to complete it