Statistical information Congo 2001Congo

Map of Congo | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Congo in the World
Congo in the World


Congo - Introduction 2001
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Background: Upon independence in 1960 the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government installed in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President SASSOU-NGUESSO.

Congo - Geography 2001
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Location: Western Africa bordering the South Atlantic Ocean between Angola and Gabon

Geographic coordinates: 1 00 S 15 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Total: 342,000 km²
Land: 341,500 km²
Water: 500 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Montana

Land boundaries
Total: 5,504 km
Border countries: (5) Angola 201 km; , Cameroon 523 km; , Central African Republic 467 km; , Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,410 km; , Gabon 1,903 km

Coastline: 169 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 200 NM

Climate: tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); constantly high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator

Terrain: coastal plain southern basin central plateau northern basin

Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Berongou 903 m

Natural resources: petroleum timber potash lead zinc uranium copper phosphates natural gas hydropower
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 29%
Forests and woodland: 62%
Other: 9% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 10 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: seasonal flooding

Note: about 70% of the population lives in Brazzaville Pointe-Noire or along the railroad between them

Congo - People 2001
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Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 2.2% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
Adjective: Congolese or Congo

Ethnic groups: Kongo 48% Sangha 20% M'Bochi 12% Teke 17% Europeans NA%; note - Europeans estimated at 8,500 mostly French before the 1997 civil war; may be half that of 1998 following the widespread destruction of foreign businesses in 1997

Languages: French (official) Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages) many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo has the most users)

Religions: Christian 50% animist 48% Muslim 2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 42.43% (male 618,411; female 609,633)
15-64 years: 54.23% (male 765,501; female 804,125)
65 years and over: 3.34% (male 38,772; female 57,894) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.2% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 38.24 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 16.22 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage; tap water is not potable; deforestation
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
International agreements signed but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male/female
Total population: 0.97 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 99.73 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 47.57 years
Male: 44.38 years
Female: 50.85 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 6.43% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 86,000 (1999 est.)
Deaths: 8,600 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 74.9%
Male: 83.1%
Female: 67.2% (1995 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Congo - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of the Congo
Conventional short form: none
Local long form: Republique du Congo
Local short form: none
Former: Middle Congo, Congo/Brazzaville, Congo

Government type: republic

Capital: Brazzaville

Administrative divisions: 9 regions (regions singular - region) and 1 commune*; Bouenza Brazzaville* Cuvette Kouilou Lekoumou Likouala Niari Plateaux Pool Sangha

Dependent areas

Independence: 15 August 1960 (from France)

National holiday: Independence Day 15 August (1960)

Constitution: Draft constitution approved by transitional parliament in September 2000

Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (since 25 October 1997, following the civil war in which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Head of government: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (since 25 October 1997, following the civil war in which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
Elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 16 August 1992 (next was to be held 27 July 1997 but will be delayed for several years pending the drafting of a new constitution)
Election results: Pascal LISSOUBA elected president in 1992; percent of vote - Pascal LISSOUBA 61.3%, Bernard KOLELAS 38.7%; note - LISSOUBA was deposed in 1997, replaced by Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO

Legislative branch
Elections: National Transitional Council - last held NA January 1998 (next to be held NA 2001); note - at that election the National Transitional Council is to be replaced by a bicameral assembly
Election results: National Transitional Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme

Political parties and leaders: the most important of the many parties are the Democratic and Patriotic Forces or FDP (an alliance of Convention for Alternative Democracy Congolese Labor Party or PCT Liberal Republican Party National Union for Democracy and Progress Patriotic Union for the National Reconstruction and Union for the National Renewal) [Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO president]; Association for Democracy and Social Progress or RDPS [Jean-Pierre Thystere TCHICAYA president]; Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development or MCDDI [Michel MAMPOUYA]; Pan-African Union for Social Development or UPADS [Martin MBERI]; Union of Democratic Forces or UFD [Sebastian EBAO]


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires ad interim Serge MOMBOULI
In the us chancery: 4,891 Colorado Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,011
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 726-5,500
In the us fax: [1] (202) 726-1860
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador David H. KAEUPER
From the us embassy: NA
From the us mailing address: NA
From the us telephone: [243] (88) 43,608
From the us fax: [243] (88) 41,036
From the us note: the embassy is temporarily collocated with the US Embassy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (US Embassy Kinshasa, 310 Avenue des Aviateurs, Kinshasa)

Flag descriptionflag of Congo: divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a yellow band; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is red; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Congo - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The economy is a mixture of village agriculture and handicrafts an industrial sector based largely on oil support services and a government characterized by budget problems and overstaffing. Oil has supplanted forestry as the mainstay of the economy providing a major share of government revenues and exports. In the early 1980s rapidly rising oil revenues enabled the government to finance large-scale development projects with GDP growth averaging 5% annually one of the highest rates in Africa. Moreover the government has mortgaged a substantial portion of its oil earnings contributing to the government's shortage of revenues. The 12 January 1994 devaluation of Franc Zone currencies by 50% resulted in inflation of 61% in 1994 but inflation has subsided since. Economic reform efforts continued with the support of international organizations notably the World Bank and the IMF. The reform program came to a halt in June 1997 when civil war erupted. Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO who returned to power when the war ended in October 1997 publicly expressed interest in moving forward on economic reforms and privatization and in renewing cooperation with international financial institutions. However economic progress was badly hurt by slumping oil prices and the resumption of armed conflict in December 1998 which worsened the Republic of the Congo's budget deficit. Even with the IMF's renewed confidence and high world oil prices Congo is unlikely to realize growth of more than 5% in 2001-02. With the return to fragile peace the IMF approved a $14 million credit in November 2000 to aid post-conflict reconstruction.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 3.8% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 10%
Industry: 48%
Services: 42% (1999 est.)

Agriculture products: cassava (tapioca) sugar rice corn peanuts vegetables coffee cocoa; forest products

Industries: petroleum extraction cement kilning lumbering brewing sugar milling palm oil soap flour cigarette making

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $870 million
Expenditures: $970 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1997 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3.5% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $2.6 billion (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: petroleum 50% lumber plywood sugar cocoa coffee diamonds
Partners: US 23% Benelux 14% Germany Italy Taiwan China (1998)

Imports: $870 million (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: petroleum products capital equipment construction materials foodstuffs
Partners: France 23% US 9% Belgium 8% UK 7% Italy (1997 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $5 billion (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 699.21 (January 2001) 711.98 (2000) 615.70 (1999) 589.95 (1998) 583.67 (1997) 511.55 (1996); note - from 1 January 1999 the XAF is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 XAF per euro

Congo - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 302 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 0.66%
By source hydro: 99.34%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 406.9 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 126 million kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Congo - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1000 (1996)

Telephone system
General assessment: services barely adequate for government use; key exchanges are in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, and Loubomo; intercity lines frequently out-of-order
Domestic: primary network consists of microwave radio relay and coaxial cable
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .cg

Internet users: 500 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Congo - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $110 million (FY93)
Percent of gdp: 3.8% (FY93)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Congo - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 33 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 4
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 3 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 29
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 7
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 12
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 10 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 4
Over 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 3 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 29
15-24 to 2437 m: 7
914 to 1523 m: 12
Under 914 m: 10 (2000 est.)


Pipelines: crude oil 25 km

Total: 894 km
Narrow gauge: 894 km 1.067-m gauge (2000)


Note: the Congo and Ubangi (Oubangui) rivers provide 1,120 km of commercially navigable water transport; other rivers are used for local traffic only

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Congo - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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