Statistical information Cook Islands 2001Cook%20Islands

Map of Cook Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Cook Islands in the World
Cook Islands in the World

Cook Islands - Introduction 2001
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Background: Named after Captain Cook who sighted them in 1770 the islands became a British protectorate in 1888. By 1900 administrative control was transferred to New Zealand; in 1965 residents chose self-government in free association with New Zealand. The emigration of skilled workers to New Zealand and government deficits are continuing problems.

Cook Islands - Geography 2001
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Location: Oceania group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

Geographic coordinates: 21 14 S 159 46 W

Map referenceOceania

Total: 240 km²
Land: 240 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: 1.3 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 120 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds

Terrain: low coral atolls in north; volcanic hilly islands in south

Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Te Manga 652 m

Natural resources: NEGL
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 9%
Permanent crops: 13%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 78% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons (November to March)


Cook Islands - People 2001
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Population: 20,611 (July 2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Cook Islander
Adjective: Cook Islander

Ethnic groups: Polynesian (full blood) 81.3% Polynesian and European 7.7% Polynesian and non-European 7.7% European 2.4% other 0.9%

Languages: English (official) Maori

Religions: Christian (majority of populace are members of the Cook Islands Christian Church)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: NA%
15-64 years: NA%
65 years and over: NA%

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea
International agreements signed but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: NA
Total population: 95%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Cook Islands - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Cook Islands
Former: Harvey Islands

Government type: self-governing parliamentary democracy

Capital: Avarua

Administrative divisions: none

Dependent areas

Independence: none (became self-governing in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965 and has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action)

National holiday: Constitution Day first Monday in August (1965)

Constitution: 4 August 1965

Legal system: based on New Zealand law and English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: NA years of age; universal adult

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Apenera SHORT (since NA); New Zealand High Commissioner Jon JONESSEN (since NA January 1998), representative of New Zealand
Head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Terepai MAOATE (since 18 November 1999); Deputy Prime Minister Norman GEORGE (since NA)
Cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister; collectively responsible to Parliament
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the UK representative is appointed by the monarch; the New Zealand high commissioner is appointed by the New Zealand Government; following legislative elections, the leader of the party that wins the most seats usually becomes prime minister
Note: ten years of rule by the Cook Islands Party (CIP) came to an end 18 November 1999 with the resignation of Prime Minister Joe WILLIAMS; WILLIAMS had led a minority government since October 1999 when the New Alliance Party (NAP) left the government coalition and joined the main opposition Democratic Alliance Party (DAP); on 18 November 1999, DAP leader Dr. Terepai MAOATE was sworn in as prime minister

Legislative branch
Elections: last held NA June 1999 (next to be held by NA 2004)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - CIP 12, DAP 12, NAP 1
Note: the House of Ariki (chiefs) advises on traditional matters, but has no legislative powers

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders: Cook Islands People's Party or CIP [Tai CARPENTER]; Democratic Alliance Party or DAP [Terepai MAOATE]; New Alliance Party or NAP [Norman GEORGE]

International organization participation: ACP AsDB ESCAP (associate) FAO ICAO ICFTU IFAD Intelsat (nonsignatory user) IOC OPCW Sparteca SPC SPF UNESCO WHO WMO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)
From the us: none (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)

Flag descriptionflag of Cook%20Islands: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large circle of 15 white five-pointed stars (one for every island) centered in the outer half of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Cook Islands - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Like many other South Pacific island nations the Cook Islands' economic development is hindered by the isolation of the country from foreign markets the limited size of domestic markets lack of natural resources periodic devastation from natural disasters and inadequate infrastructure. Agriculture provides the economic base with major exports made up of copra and citrus fruit. Manufacturing activities are limited to fruit processing clothing and handicrafts. Trade deficits are made up for by remittances from emigrants and by foreign aid overwhelmingly from New Zealand. In the 1980s and 1990s the country lived beyond its means maintaining a bloated public service and accumulating a large foreign debt. Subsequent reforms including the sale of state assets the strengthening of economic management the encouragement of tourism and a debt restructuring agreement have rekindled investment and growth.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 18%
Industry: 9%
Services: 73% (1995)

Agriculture products: copra citrus pineapples tomatoes beans pawpaws bananas yams taro coffee; pigs poultry

Industries: fruit processing tourism fishing

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 6,601 (1993)
By occupation agriculture: 29%
By occupation industry: 15%
By occupation services: 56% (1995) note - shortage of skilled labor
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $25 million
Expenditures: $23 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY 99/00)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.6% (1999 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $3 million (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: copra papayas fresh and canned citrus fruit coffee; fish; pearls and pearl shells; clothing
Partners: Japan 42% New Zealand 25% US 9% Australia 9% (1999)

Imports: $85 million (c.i.f. 1994)
Commodities: foodstuffs textiles fuels timber capital goods
Partners: NZ 70% Australia 8% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $141 million (1996 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars per US dollar - 2.2502 (January 2001) 2.1863 (2000) 1.8886 (1999) 1.8632 (1998) 1.5083 (1997) 1.4543 (1996)

Cook Islands - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 21 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 19.5 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Cook Islands - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1994)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: the individual islands are connected by a combination of satellite earth stations, microwave systems, and VHF and HF radiotelephone; within the islands, service is provided by small exchanges connected to subscribers by open wire, cable, and fiber-optic cable
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .ck

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Cook Islands - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Cook Islands - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 7 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 6
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 3
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 3 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 6
15-24 to 2437 m: 3
914 to 1523 m: 3 (2000 est.)



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 2,310 GRT/2,181 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Cook Islands - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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