Statistical information Denmark 2001Denmark

Map of Denmark | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Denmark in the World
Denmark in the World

Austrian Airlines


Denmark - Introduction 2001
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Background: Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power Denmark has evolved into a modern prosperous nation that is participating in the political and economic integration of Europe. So far however the country has opted out of some aspects of the European Union's Maastricht Treaty including the economic and monetary system (EMU) and issues concerning certain internal affairs.


Denmark - Geography 2001
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Location: Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea on a peninsula north of Germany (Jutland); also includes two major islands (Sjaeland and Fyn)

Geographic coordinates: 56 00 N 10 00 E

Map referenceEurope

Area
Total: 43,094 km²
Land: 42,394 km²
Water: 700 km²
Note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark (the Jutland Peninsula, and the major islands of Sjaeland and Fyn), but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland
Comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts

Land boundaries
Total: 68 km
Border countries: (1) Germany 68 km

Coastline: 7,314 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 NM
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: temperate; humid and overcast; mild windy winters and cool summers

Terrain: low and flat to gently rolling plains

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m
Extremes highest point: Yding Skovhoej 173 m

Natural resources: petroleum natural gas fish salt limestone stone gravel and sand
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 60%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 5%
Forests and woodland: 10%
Other: 25% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 4,350 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g. parts of Jutland along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes

Geography
Note: controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in greater Copenhagen


Denmark - People 2001
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Population: 5,352,815 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.3% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Dane
Adjective: Danish

Ethnic groups: Scandinavian Inuit Faroese German Turkish Iranian Somali

Languages
Note: English is the predominant second language

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 95% other Protestant and Roman Catholic 3% Muslims 2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 18.59% (male 510,826; female 484,385)
15-64 years: 66.56% (male 1,804,617; female 1,758,019)
65 years and over: 14.85% (male 331,906; female 463,062) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.3% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 11.96 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 10.9 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 1.98 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: air pollution principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides
International agreements party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male/female
Total population: 0.98 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.04 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.72 years
Male: 74.12 years
Female: 79.47 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.73 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: 0.17% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 4,300 (1999 est.)
Deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 100%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Denmark - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Denmark
Conventional short form: Denmark
Local long form: Kongeriget Danmark
Local short form: Danmark

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Copenhagen

Administrative divisions
Note: see separate entries for the Faroe Islands and Greenland, which are part of the Kingdom of Denmark and are self-governing administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence: first organized as a unified state in 10th century; in 1849 became a constitutional monarchy

National holiday: none designated; Constitution Day 5 June is generally viewed as the National Day

Constitution: 1849 was the original constitution; there was a major overhaul 5 June 1953 allowing for a unicameral legislature and a female chief of state

Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the monarch (born 26 May 1968)
Head of government: Prime Minister Poul Nyrup RASMUSSEN (since 25 January 1993)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister and approved by Parliament
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 11 March 1998 (next to be held by March 2002)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - progovernment parties: Social Democratic Party 65, Socialist People's Party 13, Social Liberal Party 7, Red-Green Unity List 5; opposition: Liberal Party 43, Conservative Party 17, Danish People's Party 13, Center Democratic Party 8, Christian People's Party 4, Progress Party 4; seats by party as of 1 January 2001: government coalition parties - Social Democrats 63, Social Liberals 7; pro-government parties - Socialist People's Party 13, Unity List 5; opposition - Liberals 42, Conservatives 16, Danish People's Party 13, Center Democrats 8, Christian People's Party 4, Progress Party 4 (now named Freedom 2000); does not include the 4 overseas seats

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the monarch for life)

Political parties and leaders: Center Democratic Party [Mimi JAKOBSEN]; Christian People's Party [Jann SJURSEN]; Conservative Party (sometimes known as Conservative People's Party) [Bendt BENDTSEN]; Danish People's Party [Pia KJAERSGAARD]; Liberal Party [Anders Fogh RASMUSSEN]; Progress Party (now named Freedom 2000) [Kim BEHNKE]; Social Democratic Party [Poul Nyrup RASMUSSEN]; Social Liberal Party (sometimes called the Radical Left) [Marianne JELVED leader; Johannes LEBECH chairman]; Socialist People's Party [Holger K. NIELSEN]; Red-Green Unity List (bloc includes Left Socialist Party Communist Party of Denmark Socialist Workers' Party) [collective leadership]

International organization participation: AfDB AsDB Australia Group BIS CBSS CCC CE CERN EAPC EBRD ECE EIB ESA EU FAO G- 9 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM ISO ITU MONUC NATO NC NEA NIB NSG OAS (observer) OECD OPCW OSCE PCA UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNIKOM UNMEE UNMIBH UNMIK UNMOGIP UNMOP UNMOT UNOMIG UNTAET UNTSO UPU WEU (observer) WHO WIPO WMO WTrO ZC

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Ulrik Andreas FEDERSPIEL
In the us chancery: 3,200 Whitehaven Street NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 234-4,300
In the us fax: [1] (202) 328-1470
In the us consulates general: Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Stuart BERNSTEIN
From the us embassy: Dag Hammarskjolds Alle 24, 2,100 Copenhagen
From the us mailing address: PSC 73, APO AE 9,716
From the us telephone: [45] 35 55 31 44
From the us fax: [45] 35 38 96 16

Flag descriptionflag of Denmark: red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side and that design element of the Dannebrog (Danish flag) was subsequently adopted by the other Nordic countries of Finland Iceland Norway and Sweden

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Denmark - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: This thoroughly modern market economy features high-tech agriculture up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry extensive government welfare measures comfortable living standards and high dependence on foreign trade. Denmark is a net exporter of food and energy and has a comfortable balance of payments surplus. The center-left coalition government has reduced the formerly high unemployment rate and attained a budget surplus as well as followed the previous government's policies of maintaining low inflation and a stable currency. The coalition has lowered marginal income tax rates and raised environmental taxes thus maintaining overall tax revenues. Problems of bottlenecks and longer term demographic changes reducing the labor force are being addressed through labor market reforms. The government has been successful in meeting and even exceeding the economic convergence criteria for participating in the third phase (a common European currency) of the European Monetary Union (EMU) but Denmark in a September 2000 referendum reconfirmed its decision not to join the 11 other EU members in the euro. Even so the Danish currency remains pegged to the euro.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2.8% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 3%
Industry: 25%
Services: 72% (2000 est.)

Agriculture products: grain potatoes rape sugar beets; pork and beef dairy products; fish

Industries: food processing machinery and equipment textiles and clothing chemical products electronics construction furniture and other wood products shipbuilding windmills

Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2000 est.)

Labor force: 2.856 million (2000 est.)
By occupation services: 79%
By occupation industry: 17%
By occupation agriculture: 4% (2000 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 5.3% (2000)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: 2%
Highest 10: 24% (2000 est.)

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $52.9 billion
Expenditures: $51.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $500 million (2001 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.9% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $50.8 billion (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: machinery and instruments meat and meat products dairy products fish chemicals furniture ships windmills
Partners: EU 66.5% (Germany 20.1% Sweden 11.7% UK 9.6% France 5.3% Netherlands 4.7%) Norway 5.8% US 5.4% (1999)

Imports: $43.6 billion (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: machinery and equipment raw materials and semimanufactures for industry chemicals grain and foodstuffs consumer goods
Partners: EU 72.1% (Germany 21.6% Sweden 12.4% UK 8.0% Netherlands 8.0% France 5.8%) Norway 4.2% US 4.5% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $21.7 billion (2000)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Danish kroner per US dollar - 7.951 (January 2001) 8.083 (2000) 6.976 (1999) 6.701 (1998) 6.604 (1997) 5.799 (1996); note - the Danes rejected the Euro in a 28 September 2000 referendum


Denmark - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 37.885 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 88.4%
By source hydro: 0.07%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 11.53% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 32.916 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 7.28 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 4.963 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Denmark - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1,444,016 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: excellent telephone and telegraph services
Domestic: buried and submarine cables and microwave radio relay form trunk network, 4 cellular mobile communications systems
International: 18 submarine fiber-optic cables linking Denmark with Norway, Sweden, Russia, Poland, Germany, Netherlands, UK, Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Canada; satellite earth stations - 6 Intelsat, 10 Eutelsat, 1 Orion, 1 Inmarsat (Blaavand-Atlantic-East); note - the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) share the Danish earth station and the Eik, Norway, station for worldwide Inmarsat access (1997)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .dk

Internet users: 2.3 million (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Denmark - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $2.47 billion (FY99)
Percent of gdp: 1.4% (FY99)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Denmark - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 119 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 28
With paved runways over 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 7
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 4
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 12
With paved runways under 914 m: 3 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 91
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 7
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 83 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 28
Over 3047 m: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 7
15-24 to 2437 m: 4
914 to 1523 m: 12
Under 914 m: 3 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 91
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 7
Under 914 m: 83 (2000 est.)

Heliports

Pipelines: crude oil 110 km; petroleum products 578 km; natural gas 700 km

Railways
Total: 2,859 km (508 km privately owned and operated)
Standard gauge: 2,859 km 1.435-m gauge (600 km electrified; 760 km double track) (1998)

Roadways

Waterways: 417 km

Merchant marine
Total: 342 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 6,073,489 GRT/8,027,002 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 10, cargo 128, chemical tanker 27, container 76, liquefied gas 26, livestock carrier 6, petroleum tanker 22, railcar carrier 1, refrigerated cargo 13, roll on/roll off 23, short-sea passenger 7, specialized tanker 3
Note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Finland 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Denmark - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs




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