Statistical information Djibouti 2001Djibouti

Map of Djibouti | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Djibouti in the World
Djibouti in the World


Djibouti - Introduction 2001
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Background: The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. A peace accord in 1994 ended a three-year uprising by Afars rebels.

Djibouti - Geography 2001
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Location: Eastern Africa bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea between Eritrea and Somalia

Geographic coordinates: 11 30 N 43 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Total: 22,000 km²
Land: 21,980 km²
Water: 20 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

Land boundaries
Total: 508 km
Border countries: (3) Eritrea 113 km; , Ethiopia 337 km; , Somalia 58 km

Coastline: 314 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 NM
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: desert; torrid dry

Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

Extremes lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
Extremes highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m

Natural resources: geothermal areas
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 9%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 91% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods

Note: strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland

Djibouti - People 2001
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Population: 460,700 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 2.6% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Djiboutian
Adjective: Djiboutian

Ethnic groups: Somali 60% Afar 35% French Arab Ethiopian and Italian 5%

Languages: French (official) Arabic (official) Somali Afar

Religions: Muslim 94% Christian 6%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 42.58% (male 98,314; female 97,859)
15-64 years: 54.58% (male 132,619; female 118,841)
65 years and over: 2.84% (male 6,787; female 6,280) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.6% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 40.66 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 14.66 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male/female
Under 15 years: 1 male/female
15-64 years: 1.12 male/female
65 years and over: 1.08 male/female
Total population: 1.07 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 101.51 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 51.21 years
Male: 49.37 years
Female: 53.1 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.72 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 11.75% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 37,000 (1999 est.)
Deaths: 3,100 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 46.2%
Male: 60.3%
Female: 32.7% (1995 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Djibouti - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Djibouti
Conventional short form: Djibouti
Former: French Territory of the Afars and Issas, French Somaliland

Government type: republic

Capital: Djibouti

Administrative divisions: 5 districts (cercles singular - cercle); 'Ali Sabih Dikhil Djibouti Obock Tadjoura

Dependent areas

Independence: 27 June 1977 (from France)

National holiday: Independence Day 27 June (1977)

Constitution: multiparty constitution approved by referendum 4 September 1992

Legal system: based on French civil law system traditional practices and Islamic law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: NA years of age; universal adult

Executive branch
Chief of state: President GUELLEH Ismail Omar (since 8 May 1999);
Head of government: Prime Minister DILLEITA Mohamed Dilleita (since 4 March 2001)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers responsible to the president
Elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term; election last held 9 April 1999 (next to be held NA 2005); prime minister appointed by the president
Election results: GUELLEH Ismail Omar elected president; percent of vote - GUELLEH Ismail Omar 74.4%, IDRIS Moussa Ahmed 25.6%

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 19 December 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)
Election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - RPP 65; note - RPP (the ruling party) dominated the election

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour Supreme

Political parties and leaders: Democratic National Party or PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic Renewal Party or PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH]; People's Progress Assembly or RPP (governing party) [Ismail Omar GELLEH]


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador ROBLE Olhaye Oudine
In the us chancery: Suite 515, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20,005
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 331-0270
In the us fax: [1] (202) 331-0302
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Donald YAMAMOTO
From the us embassy: Plateau du Serpent, Boulevard Marechal Joffre, Djibouti
From the us mailing address: B. P. 185, Djibouti
From the us telephone: [253] 35 39 95
From the us fax: [253] 35 39 40

Flag descriptionflag of Djibouti: two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Djibouti - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The economy is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location and status as a free trade zone in northeast Africa. Two-thirds of the inhabitants live in the capital city the remainder being mostly nomadic herders. Scanty rainfall limits crop production to fruits and vegetables and most food must be imported. Djibouti provides services as both a transit port for the region and an international transshipment and refueling center. It has few natural resources and little industry. The nation is therefore heavily dependent on foreign assistance to help support its balance of payments and to finance development projects. An unemployment rate of 40% to 50% continues to be a major problem. Inflation is not a concern however because of the fixed tie of the franc to the US dollar. Per capita consumption dropped an estimated 35% over the last seven years because of recession civil war and a high population growth rate (including immigrants and refugees). Faced with a multitude of economic difficulties the government has fallen in arrears on long-term external debt and has been struggling to meet the stipulations of foreign aid donors. The year 2001 will see only small growth as port activity should decrease now that Ethiopia has more trade route options.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 2% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 3%
Industry: 22%
Services: 75% (1998 est.)

Agriculture products: fruits vegetables; goats sheep camels

Industries: limited to a few small-scale enterprises such as dairy products and mineral-water bottling

Industrial production growth rate: 3% (1996 est.)

Labor force: 282,000
By occupation agriculture: 75%
By occupation industry: 11%
By occupation services: 14% (1991 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 50% (2000 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $133 million
Expenditures: $187 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $260 million (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: reexports hides and skins coffee (in transit)
Partners: Somalia 53% Yemen 23% Ethiopia 5% (1998)

Imports: $440 million (f.o.b. 1999 est.)
Commodities: foods beverages transport equipment chemicals petroleum products
Partners: France 13% Ethiopia 12% Italy 9% Saudi Arabia 6% UK 6% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $356 million (1999 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Djiboutian francs per US dollar - 177.721 (fixed rate since 1973)

Djibouti - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 180 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 167.4 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Djibouti - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 203 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: telephone facilities in the city of Djibouti are adequate as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country
Domestic: microwave radio relay network
International: submarine cable to Jiddah, Suez, Sicily, Marseilles, Colombo, and Singapore; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat; Medarabtel regional microwave radio relay telephone network

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .dj

Internet users: 1000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Djibouti - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $23 million (FY97)
Percent of gdp: 4.5% (FY97)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Djibouti - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 12 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 10
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 2
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 5
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 3 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 10
15-24 to 2437 m: 2
914 to 1523 m: 5
Under 914 m: 3 (2000 est.)



Total: 100 km (Djibouti segment of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad)
Narrow gauge: 100 km 1.000-m gauge
Note: Djibouti and Ethiopia plan to revitalize the century-old railroad that links their capitals by 2003


Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,369 GRT/3,030 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Djibouti - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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