Statistical information Georgia 2001Georgia

Map of Georgia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Georgia in the World
Georgia in the World


Georgia - Introduction 2001
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Background: Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Russian troops remain garrisoned at four military bases and as peacekeepers in the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia (but are scheduled to withdraw from two of the bases by July 2001). Despite a badly degraded transportation network - brought on by ethnic conflict criminal activities and fuel shortages - the country continues to move toward a market economy and greater integration with Western institutions.

Georgia - Geography 2001
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Location: Southwestern Asia bordering the Black Sea between Turkey and Russia

Geographic coordinates: 42 00 N 43 30 E

Map referenceCommonwealth of Independent States

Total: 69,700 km²
Land: 69,700 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries
Total: 1,461 km
Border countries: (4) Armenia 164 km; , Azerbaijan 322 km; , Russia 723 km; , Turkey 252 km

Coastline: 310 km

Maritime claims: NA

Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

Terrain: largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

Extremes lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mt'a Mqinvartsveri (Gora Kazbek) 5,048 m

Natural resources: forests hydropower manganese deposits iron ore copper minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 9%
Permanent crops: 4%
Permanent pastures: 25%
Forests and woodland: 34%
Other: 28% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 4,000 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: earthquakes


Georgia - People 2001
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Population: 4,989,285 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: -0.59% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: 60% (1999 est.)

Noun: Georgian
Adjective: Georgian

Ethnic groups: Georgian 70.1% Armenian 8.1% Russian 6.3% Azeri 5.7% Ossetian 3% Abkhaz 1.8% other 5%

Note: Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia

Religions: Georgian Orthodox 65% Muslim 11% Russian Orthodox 10% Armenian Apostolic 8% unknown 6%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 19.59% (male 498,575; female 478,663)
15-64 years: 67.91% (male 1,632,338; female 1,755,910)
65 years and over: 12.5% (male 241,824; female 381,975) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -0.59% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 11.18 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 14.58 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -2.48 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: air pollution particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals
International agreements party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male/female
15-64 years: 0.93 male/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male/female
Total population: 0.91 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 52.37 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 64.57 years
Male: 61.04 years
Female: 68.28 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.45 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: less than 0.01% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: less than 500 (1999 est.)
Deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 99%
Male: 100%
Female: 98% (1989 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Georgia - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Georgia
Local long form: none
Local short form: Sak'art'velo
Former: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

Government type: republic

Capital: T'bilisi

Administrative divisions
Note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

Dependent areas

Independence: 9 April 1991 (from Soviet Union)

National holiday: Independence Day 26 May (1918); note - 26 May 1918 is the date of independence from Soviet Russia 9 April 1991 is the date of independence from the Soviet Union

Constitution: adopted 17 October 1995

Legal system: based on civil law system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Eduard Amvrosiyevich SHEVARDNADZE (previously elected chairman of the Government Council 10 March 1992; Council has since been disbanded; previously elected chairman of Parliament 11 October 1992; president since 26 November 1995); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Head of government: President Eduard Amvrosiyevich SHEVARDNADZE (previously elected chairman of the Government Council 10 March 1992; Council has since been disbanded; previously elected chairman of Parliament 11 October 1992; president since 26 November 1995); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers
Elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 9 April 2000 (next to be held NA 2005)
Election results: Eduard SHEVARDNADZE reelected president; percent of vote - Eduard SHEVARDNADZE 80%

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 31 October and 14 November 1999 (next to be held NA 2003)
Election results: percent of vote by party - CUG 41.85%, AGUR 25.65%, IWSG 7.8%, all other parties received less than 7% each; seats by party - CUG 130, AGUR 58, IWSG 15, Abkhaz deputies 12, independents 17, other 3

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges elected by the Supreme Council on the president's recommendation); Constitutional Court

Political parties and leaders: Citizen's Union of Georgia or CUG [Eduard SHEVARDNADZE]; Georgian United Communist Party or UCPG [Panteleimon GIORGADZE chairman]; Industry Will Save Georgia or IWSG [Georgi TOPADZE]; National Democratic Party or NDP [Irina SARISHVILI-CHANTURIA]; Socialist Party or SPG [Temur GAMTSEMLIDZE]; Union for 'Revival' Party or AGUR [Alsan ABASHIDZE]; United Republican Party or URP [Nodar NATADZE chairman]


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Tedo JAPARIDZE
In the us chancery: Suite 300, 1615 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,009
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 387-2,390
In the us fax: [1] (202) 393-4,537
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Kenneth S. YALOWITZ
From the us embassy: #25 Antoneli Street, T'bilisi 380,026
From the us mailing address: use embassy street address
From the us telephone: [995] (32) 989-967/68
From the us fax: [995] (32) 933-759

Flag descriptionflag of Georgia: maroon field with small rectangle in upper hoist side corner; rectangle divided horizontally with black on top white below

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Georgia - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Georgia's economy has traditionally revolved around Black Sea tourism; cultivation of citrus fruits tea and grapes; mining of manganese and copper; and output of a small industrial sector producing wine metals machinery chemicals and textiles. The country imports the bulk of its energy needs including natural gas and oil products. Its only sizable internal energy resource is hydropower. Despite the severe damage the economy has suffered due to civil strife Georgia with the help of the IMF and World Bank has made substantial economic gains since 1995 increasing GDP growth and slashing inflation. The Georgian economy continues to experience large budget deficits due to a failure to collect tax revenues. Georgia also still suffers from energy shortages; it privatized the distribution network in 1998 and deliveries are steadily improving. The country is pinning its hopes for long-term recovery on the development of an international transportation corridor through the key Black Sea ports of P'ot'i and Bat'umi. The growing trade deficit continuing problems with tax evasion and corruption and political uncertainties cloud the short-term economic picture.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 1.9% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 32%
Industry: 23%
Services: 45% (1999 est.)

Agriculture products: citrus grapes tea vegetables potatoes; livestock

Industries: steel aircraft machine tools electric locomotives trucks tractors textiles shoes chemicals wood products wine

Industrial production growth rate: -0.3% (1998 est.)

Labor force: 3.08 million (1997)
By occupation industry: 20%
By occupation agriculture: 40%
By occupation services: 40% (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 14.9% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 60% (1999 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $437 million
Expenditures: $626 million, including capital expenditures of $60 million (1999)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 4.1% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $372 million (2000 est.)
Commodities: citrus fruits tea wine other agricultural products; diverse types of machinery and metals; chemicals; fuel reexports; textiles
Partners: Russia 19% Turkey 16% Azerbaijan 8% Armenia 6% (1999)

Imports: $898 million (2000 est.)
Commodities: fuel grain and other foods machinery and parts transport equipment
Partners: EU 22% Russia 19% Turkey 12% US 12% (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.9 billion (2000)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: lari per US dollar - 1.9798 (December 2000) 1.9762 (2000) 2.0245 (1999) 1.3898 (1998) 1.2975 (1997) 1.2628 (1996)

Georgia - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 7.975 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 20.38%
By source hydro: 79.62%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 7.117 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 850 million kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 550 million kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Georgia - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 30,000 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: local - T'bilisi and K'ut'aisi have cellular telephone networks; urban telephone density is about 20 per 100 people; rural telephone density is about 4 per 100 people; intercity facilities include a fiber-optic line between T'bilisi and K'ut'aisi; nationwide pager service is available
International: Georgia and Russia are working on a fiber-optic line between P'ot'i and Sochi (Russia); present international service is available by microwave, landline, and satellite through the Moscow switch; international electronic mail and telex service are available

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .ge

Internet users: 20,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Georgia - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $23 million (FY00)
Percent of gdp: 0.59% (FY00)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Georgia - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 31 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 16
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 8
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 2
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 2
With paved runways under 914 m: 3 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 15
With unpaved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 4
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 4
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 6 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 16
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 8
15-24 to 2437 m: 2
914 to 1523 m: 2
Under 914 m: 3 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 15
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 4
914 to 1523 m: 4
Under 914 m: 6 (2000 est.)


Pipelines: crude oil 370 km; refined products 300 km; natural gas 440 km (1992)

Total: 1,583 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines
Broad gauge: 1,583 km 1.520-m gauge (1993)


Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 37 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 131,316 GRT/190,289 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 25, chemical tanker 2, container 2, petroleum tanker 4, roll on/roll off 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Georgia - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Undercover Tourist

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