Statistical information Grenada 2001Grenada

Map of Grenada | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Grenada in the World
Grenada in the World

Undercover Tourist


Grenada - Introduction 2001
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Background: One of the smallest independent countries in the western hemisphere Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year.


Grenada - Geography 2001
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Location: Caribbean island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates: 12 07 N 61 40 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Area
Total: 340 km²
Land: 340 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: twice the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 121 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Terrain: volcanic in origin with central mountains

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m

Natural resources: timber tropical fruit deepwater harbors
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 15%
Permanent crops: 18%
Permanent pastures: 3%
Forests and woodland: 9%
Other: 55% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November

Geography
Note: the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada


Grenada - People 2001
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Population: 89,227 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: -0.06% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Grenadian
Adjective: Grenadian

Ethnic groups: black 82% some South Asians (East Indians) and Europeans trace Arawak/Carib Amerindian

Languages: English (official) French patois

Religions: Roman Catholic 53% Anglican 13.8% other Protestant 33.2%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 37.05% (male 16,739; female 16,318)
15-64 years: 59.03% (male 27,850; female 24,820)
65 years and over: 3.92% (male 1,592; female 1,908) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: -0.06% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 23.12 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 7.82 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -15.86 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male/female
15-64 years: 1.12 male/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male/female
Total population: 1.07 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 14.63 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 64.52 years
Male: 62.74 years
Female: 66.31 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.54 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 98%
Male: 98%
Female: 98% (1970 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Grenada - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Grenada

Government type: constitutional monarchy with Westminster-style parliament

Capital: Saint George's

Administrative divisions: 6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petit Martinique* Saint Andrew Saint David Saint George Saint John Saint Mark Saint Patrick

Dependent areas

Independence: 7 February 1974 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 7 February (1974)

Constitution: 19 December 1973

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor General Daniel WILLIAMS (since 9 August 1996)
Head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 22 June 1995)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; prime minister appointed by the governor general from among the members of the House of Assembly

Legislative branch
Elections: last held on 18 January 1999 (next to be held by NA October 2004)
Election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NNP 14, GULP 1

Judicial branch: West Indies Associate States Supreme Court (an associate judge resides in Grenada)

Political parties and leaders: Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Herbert PREUDHOMME]; National Democratic Congress or NDC [leader vacant]; New National Party or NNP [George McGUIRE]

International organization participation: ACP C Caricom CDB ECLAC FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC ISO (subscriber) ITU LAES NAM OAS OECS OPANAL OPCW UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WHO WIPO WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Denis G. ANTOINE
In the us chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,009
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 265-2,561
In the us consulates general: New York
From the us chief of mission: the ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada
From the us embassy: Point Salines, Saint George's
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's, Grenada, West Indies
From the us telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1176
From the us fax: [1] (473) 444-4,820

Flag descriptionflag of Grenada: a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side) with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border three centered in the bottom red border and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world's second-largest producer of nutmeg after Indonesia); the seven stars represent the seven administrative divisions

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Grenada - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: In this island economy progress in fiscal reforms and prudent macroeconomic management have kept annual growth steady since 1998. The increase in economic activity has been led by construction and trade. Tourist facilities are being expanded; tourism is the leading foreign exchange earner. Major short-term concerns are the rising fiscal deficit and the deterioration in the external account balance. Grenada shares a common central bank and a common currency with seven other members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 7% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 9.7%
Industry: 15%
Services: 75.3% (1996 est.)

Agriculture products: bananas cocoa nutmeg mace citrus avocados root crops sugarcane corn vegetables

Industries: food and beverages textiles light assembly operations tourism construction

Industrial production growth rate: 0.7% (1997 est.)

Labor force: 42,300 (1996)
By occupation services: 62%
By occupation agriculture: 24%
By occupation industry: 14% (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 15% (1997)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $85.8 million
Expenditures: $102.1 million, including capital expenditures of $28 million (1997)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.5% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $62.3 million (2000 est.)
Commodities: bananas cocoa nutmeg fruit and vegetables clothing mace
Partners: Caricom 32.3% UK 20% US 13% Netherlands 8.8% (1991)

Imports: $217.5 million (2000 est.)
Commodities: food manufactured goods machinery chemicals fuel (1989)
Partners: US 31.2% Caricom 23.6% UK 13.8% Japan 7.1% (1991)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $182.8 million (1998)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)


Grenada - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 120 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 111.6 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Grenada - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 976 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: automatic, islandwide telephone system
Domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links
International: new SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .gd

Internet users: 2000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Grenada - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Grenada - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 3
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 3
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Grenada - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Adrenaline


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