Statistical information Guinea-Bissau 2001Guinea-Bissau

Map of Guinea-Bissau | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Guinea-Bissau in the World
Guinea-Bissau in the World


Guinea-Bissau - Introduction 2001
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Background: In 1994 20 years after independence from Portugal the country's first multiparty legislative and presidential elections were held. An army uprising that triggered a bloody civil war in 1998 created hundreds of thousands of displaced persons. The president was ousted by a military junta in May 1999. An interim government turned over power in February 2000 when opposition leader Koumba YALLA took office following two rounds of transparent presidential elections. Guinea-Bissau's transition back to democracy will be complicated by a crippled economy devastated by civil war and the military's predilection for governmental meddling.

Guinea-Bissau - Geography 2001
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Location: Western Africa bordering the North Atlantic Ocean between Guinea and Senegal

Geographic coordinates: 12 00 N 15 00 W

Map referenceAfrica

Total: 36,120 km²
Land: 28,000 km²
Water: 8,120 km²
Comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Connecticut

Land boundaries
Total: 724 km
Border countries: (2) Guinea 386 km; , Senegal 338 km

Coastline: 350 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds

Terrain: mostly low coastal plain rising to savanna in east

Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location in the northeast corner of the country 300 m

Natural resources: fish timber phosphates bauxite unexploited deposits of petroleum
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 11%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 38%
Forests and woodland: 38%
Other: 12% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 17 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hot dry dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season; brush fires


Guinea-Bissau - People 2001
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Population: 1,315,822 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 2.23% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: 50% (1991 est.)

Noun: Guinean
Adjective: Guinean

Ethnic groups: African 99% (Balanta 30% Fula 20% Manjaca 14% Mandinga 13% Papel 7%) European and mulatto less than 1%

Languages: Portuguese (official) Crioulo African languages

Religions: indigenous beliefs 50% Muslim 45% Christian 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 42.09% (male 276,312; female 277,536)
15-64 years: 55.05% (male 344,493; female 379,889)
65 years and over: 2.86% (male 16,850; female 20,742) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 2.23% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 39.29 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 15.33 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -1.66 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; overfishing
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Wetlands
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male/female
Under 15 years: 1 male/female
15-64 years: 0.91 male/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male/female
Total population: 0.94 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 110.4 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 49.42 years
Male: 47.12 years
Female: 51.78 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.2 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 2.5% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 14,000 (1999 est.)
Deaths: 1300 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 53.9%
Male: 67.1%
Female: 40.7% (1997 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Guinea-Bissau - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Guinea-Bissau
Conventional short form: Guinea-Bissau
Local long form: Republica da Guine-Bissau
Local short form: Guine-Bissau
Former: Portuguese Guinea

Government type: republic multiparty since mid-1991

Capital: Bissau

Administrative divisions: 9 regions (regioes singular - regiao); Bafata Biombo Bissau Bolama Cacheu Gabu Oio Quinara Tombali; note - Bolama may have been renamed Bolama/Bijagos

Dependent areas

Independence: 24 September 1973 (unilaterally declared by Guinea-Bissau); 10 September 1974 (recognized by Portugal)

National holiday: Independence Day 24 September (1973)

Constitution: 16 May 1984 amended 4 May 1991 4 December 1991 26 February 1993 9 June 1993 and 1996

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Koumba YALLA (since 18 February 2000)
Head of government: Prime Minister Faustino IMBALI (since 20 March 2001)
Cabinet: NA
Elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 28 November 1999 and 16 January 2000 (next to be held NA 2004); prime minister appointed by the president after consultation with party leaders in the legislature
Election results: Koumba YALLA elected president; percent of vote, second ballot - Koumba YALLA (PRS) 72%, Malan Bacai SANHA (PAIGC) 28%

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 28 November 1999 (next to be held by NA 2003)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PRS 37, RGB 27, PAIGC 25, 11 remaining seats went to 5 of the remaining 10 parties that fielded candidates

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Supremo Tribunal da Justica (consists of nine justices who are appointed by the president and serve at his pleasure; final court of appeals in criminal and civil cases); Regional Courts (one in each of nine regions; first court of appeals for Sectoral Court decisions; hear all felony cases and civil cases valued at over $1000); 24 Sectoral Courts (judges are not necessarily trained lawyers; they hear civil cases under $1000 and misdemeanor criminal cases)

Political parties and leaders: African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde or PAIGC [Francisco BENANTE]; Front for the Liberation and Independence of Guinea or FLING [Francois MENDY]; Guinea-Bissau Resistance-Ba Fata Movement or RGB-MB [Helder Vaz LOPES]; Guinean Civic Forum or FCG [Antonieta Rosa GOMES]; International League for Ecological Protection or LIPE [Alhaje Bubacar DJALO president]; National Union for Democracy and Progress or UNDP [Abubacer BALDE secretary general]; Party for Democratic Convergence or PCD [Victor MANDINGA]; Social Renovation Party or PRS [Koumba YALLA]; Union for Change or UM [Jorge MANDINGA president Dr. Anne SAAD secretary general]; United Social Democratic Party or PUSD [Victor Sau'de MARIA]

International organization participation: ACCT (associate) ACP AfDB ECA ECOWAS FAO FZ G-77 IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat (nonsignatory user) Interpol IOC IOM ITU NAM OAU OIC OPCW UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WADB (regional) WAEMU WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Mario LOPES DA ROSA
In the us chancery: Suite 519, 1511 K Street, NW, Washington, DC 20,005
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 347-3,950
In the us fax: [1] (202) 347-3,954
From the us: the US Embassy suspended operations on 14 June 1998 in the midst of violent conflict between forces loyal to then President VIEIRA and military-led junta

Flag descriptionflag of Guinea-Bissau: two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Guinea-Bissau - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: One of the 20 poorest countries in the world Guinea-Bissau depends mainly on farming and fishing. Cashew crops have increased remarkably in recent years and the country now ranks sixth in cashew production. Guinea-Bissau exports fish and seafood along with small amounts of peanuts palm kernels and timber. Rice is the major crop and staple food. However intermittent fighting between Senegalese-backed government troops and a military junta destroyed much of the country's infrastructure and caused widespread damage to the economy in 1998; the civil war led to a 28% drop in GDP that year with partial recovery in 1999-2000. Before the war trade reform and price liberalization were the most successful part of the country's structural adjustment program under IMF sponsorship. The tightening of monetary policy and the development of the private sector had also begun to reinvigorate the economy. Because of high costs the development of petroleum phosphate and other mineral resources is not a near-term prospect. However unexploited offshore oil reserves could provide much-needed revenue in the long run.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 7.6% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 54%
Industry: 15%
Services: 31% (1997 est.)

Agriculture products: rice corn beans cassava (tapioca) cashew nuts peanuts palm kernels cotton; timber; fish

Industries: agricultural products processing beer soft drinks

Industrial production growth rate: 2.6% (1997 est.)

Labor force: 480,000
By occupation: agriculture 78%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 50% (1991 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: 0.5%
Highest 10: 42.4% (1991)

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $NA
Expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $80 million (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: cashew nuts 70% shrimp peanuts palm kernels sawn lumber (1996)
Partners: India 59% Singapore 12% Italy 10% (1998)

Imports: $55.2 million (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: foodstuffs machinery and transport equipment petroleum products (1996)
Partners: Portugal 26% France 8% Senegal 8% Netherlands 7% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $964 million (1998 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates
Note: as of 1 May 1997, Guinea-Bissau adopted the CFA franc as the national currency; since 1 January 1999, the CFA franc is pegged to the euro at a rate of 655.957 CFA francs per euro

Guinea-Bissau - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 55 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 51.2 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Guinea-Bissau - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system
General assessment: small system
Domestic: combination of microwave radio relay, open-wire lines, radiotelephone, and cellular communications
International: NA

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .gw

Internet users: 1500 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Guinea-Bissau - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $8 million (FY96)
Percent of gdp: 2.8% (FY96)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Guinea-Bissau - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 29 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 3
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 26
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 4
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 21 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 3
Over 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 26
15-24 to 2437 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 4
Under 914 m: 21 (2000 est.)



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: several rivers are accessible to coastal shipping

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Guinea-Bissau - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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