Statistical information Hong Kong 2001Hong%20Kong

Map of Hong Kong | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Hong Kong in the World
Hong Kong in the World


Hong Kong - Introduction 2001
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Background: Occupied by the UK in 1841 Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984 Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement China has promised that under its 'one country two systems' formula China's socialist economic system will not be practiced in Hong Kong and that Hong Kong will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.

Hong Kong - Geography 2001
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Location: Eastern Asia bordering the South China Sea and China

Geographic coordinates: 22 15 N 114 10 E

Map referenceSoutheast Asia

Total: 1,092 km²
Land: 1,042 km²
Water: 50 km²
Comparative: six times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries
Total: 30 km
Border countries: (1) China 30 km

Coastline: 733 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 3 NM

Climate: tropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter hot and rainy from spring through summer warm and sunny in fall

Terrain: hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north

Extremes lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m

Natural resources: outstanding deepwater harbor feldspar
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 6%
Permanent crops: 1%
Permanent pastures: 1%
Forests and woodland: 20%
Other: 72% (1997 est.)

Irrigated land: 20 km² (1997 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: occasional typhoons

Note: more than 200 islands

Hong Kong - People 2001
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Population: 7,210,505 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 1.3% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Chinese
Adjective: Chinese

Ethnic groups: Chinese 95% other 5%

Languages: Chinese (Cantonese) English; both are official

Religions: eclectic mixture of local religions 90% Christian 10%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 17.73% (male 677,785; female 600,781)
15-64 years: 71.52% (male 2,554,329; female 2,602,662)
65 years and over: 10.75% (male 354,199; female 420,749) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.3% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 11.13 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 6.02 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 7.9 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: air and water pollution from rapid urbanization
International agreements party to: Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.07 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.13 male/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male/female
Total population: 0.99 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.83 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 79.67 years
Male: 76.97 years
Female: 82.55 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.29 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 0.06% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 2,500 (1999 est.)
Deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
Total population: 92.2%
Male: 96%
Female: 88.2% (1996 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Hong Kong - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
Conventional short form: Hong Kong
Local long form: Xianggang Tebie Xingzhengqu
Local short form: Xianggang
Abbreviation: HK

Government type: NA


Administrative divisions: none (special administrative region of China)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (special administrative region of China)

National holiday: National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China) 1 October (1949); note - 1 July 1997 is celebrated as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day

Constitution: Basic Law approved in March 1990 by China's National People's Congress is Hong Kong's 'mini-constitution'

Legal system: based on English common law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: direct election 18 years of age; universal for permanent residents living in the territory of Hong Kong for the past seven years; indirect election limited to about 100,000 members of functional constituencies and an 800-member election committee drawn from broad regional groupings municipal organizations and central government bodies

Executive branch
Chief of state: President of China JIANG Zemin (since 27 March 1993)
Head of government: Chief Executive TUNG Chee-hwa (since 1 July 1997)
Cabinet: Executive Council consists of three ex-officio members and 10 appointed members; ex-officio members are: Chief Secretary Anson CHAN (since 29 November 1993), Financial Secretary Donald TSANG (since 7 March 1995), and Secretary of Justice Elsie LEUNG (since 1 July 1997)
Elections: NA

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 10 September 2000 (next to be held NA 2004)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Democratic Party 12, Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong 10, Liberal Party 7, Frontier Party 5, Hong Kong Progressive Alliance 4, New Century Forum 2, Hong Kong Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood 1, independents 19

Judicial branch: The Court of Final Appeal in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Political parties and leaders
Note: political blocs include: pro-democracy - Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood, Citizens Party, Democratic Party, Frontier Party; pro-Beijing - Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Progressive Alliance, Liberal Party, New Century Forum

International organization participation: APEC AsDB BIS CCC ESCAP (associate) ICC ICFTU IMO (associate) Interpol (subbureau) IOC ISO (correspondent) WCL WMO WToO (associate) WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (special administrative region of China)
From the us chief of mission: Consul General Michael KLOSSON
From the us consulates general: 26 Garden Road, Hong Kong
From the us mailing address: PSC 464, Box 30, FPO AP 96,522-0002
From the us telephone: [852] 2,523-9,011
From the us fax: [852] 2,845-1598

Flag descriptionflag of Hong%20Kong: red with a stylized white five-petal bauhinia flower in the center

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Hong Kong - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Hong Kong has a bustling free market economy highly dependent on international trade. Natural resources are limited and food and raw materials must be imported. Indeed imports and exports including reexports each exceed GDP in dollar value. Even before Hong Kong reverted to Chinese administration on 1 July 1997 it had extensive trade and investment ties with China. Per capita GDP compares with the level in the four big countries of Western Europe. GDP growth averaged a strong 5% in 1989-97. The widespread Asian economic difficulties in 1998 hit this trade-dependent economy quite hard with GDP down 5%. The economy is undergoing a rapid recovery with growth of 10% in 2000 to be followed by projected growth of 5% in 2001.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 10% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 0.1%
Industry: 14.3%
Services: 85.6% (1999 est.)

Agriculture products: fresh vegetables; poultry

Industries: textiles clothing tourism electronics plastics toys watches clocks

Industrial production growth rate: 2.1% (2000)

Labor force: 3.39 million (2000 est.)
By occupation: wholesale and retail trade restaurants and hotels 31.5% community and social services 24% financing insurance and real estate 14.5% transport and communications 11.6% manufacturing 7.7% construction 2.6% (October 1999)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4.5% (2000 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $20.8 billion
Expenditures: $24.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY99/00)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3.7% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $204 billion (including reexports; f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: clothing textiles footwear electrical appliances watches and clocks toys
Partners: China 33% US 24% Japan 5% UK 4% Germany Singapore (1999)

Imports: $215 billion (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: foodstuffs transport equipment raw materials semimanufactures petroleum; a large share is reexported
Partners: China 44% Japan 12% US 7% Taiwan 7% South Korea Singapore (1999)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $48.1 billion (1999)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Hong Kong dollars per US dollar - 7.7990 (January 2001) 7.7912 (2000) 7.7575 (1999) 7.7453 (1998) 7.7421 (1997) 7.7343 (1996); note - Hong Kong became a special administrative region of China on 1 July 1997; before then the Hong Kong dollar was linked to the US dollar at the rate of about 7.8 Hong Kong dollars per US dollar

Hong Kong - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 27.726 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 32.202 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 633 million kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 7.05 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Hong Kong - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 3.7 million (December 1999)

Telephone system
General assessment: modern facilities provide excellent domestic and international services
Domestic: microwave radio relay links and extensive fiber-optic network
International: satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Pacific Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean); coaxial cable to Guangzhou, China; access to 5 international submarine cables providing connections to ASEAN member nations, Japan, Taiwan, Australia, Middle East, and Western Europe

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .hk

Internet users: 1.85 million (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Hong Kong - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA; note - separate budget for Hong Kong not established by China
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Hong Kong - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 3
With paved runways over 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 3
Over 3047 m: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 2 (2000 est.)


Total: 34 km
Standard gauge: 34 km 1.435-m gauge (all electrified) (1996 est.)


Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 354 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 10,330,662 GRT/17,227,315 DWT
Ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk 208, cargo 36, chemical tanker 7, combination bulk 2, container 59, liquefied gas 6, multi-functional large-load carrier 2, petroleum tanker 26, refrigerated cargo 3, short-sea passenger 1, vehicle carrier 3
Note: includes some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Bermuda 2, Belgium 1, Canada 2, China 9, Japan 3, Mongolia 1, Norway 1, South Africa 1, UK 7 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Hong Kong - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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