Statistical information Howland Island 2001Howland%20Island

Map of Howland Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Howland Island in the World
Howland Island in the World


Howland Island - Introduction 2001
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Background: Discovered by the US early in the 19th century the island was officially claimed by the US in 1857. Both US and British companies mined for guano until about 1890. Earhart Light is a day beacon near the middle of the west coast that was partially destroyed during World War II but has since been rebuilt; it is named in memory of famed aviatrix Amelia EARHART. The island is administered by the US Department of the Interior as a National Wildlife Refuge.

Howland Island - Geography 2001
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Location: Oceania island in the North Pacific Ocean about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

Geographic coordinates: 0 48 N 176 38 W

Map referenceOceania

Total: 1.6 km²
Land: 1.6 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: about three times the size of The Mall in Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 6.4 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: equatorial; scant rainfall constant wind burning sun

Terrain: low-lying nearly level sandy coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area

Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location 3 m

Natural resources: guano (deposits worked until late 1800s) terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 5%
Other: 95%

Irrigated land: 0 km² (1998)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

Note: almost totally covered with grasses prostrate vines and low-growing shrubs; small area of trees in the center; primarily a nesting roosting and foraging habitat for seabirds shorebirds and marine wildlife

Howland Island - People 2001
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Note: American civilians evacuated in 1942 after Japanese air and naval attacks during World War II; occupied by US military during World War II, but abandoned after the war; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2001 est.)


Ethnic groups



Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: no natural fresh water resources

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access


Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures


School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Howland Island - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Howland Island

Government type


Administrative divisions

Dependent areas


National holiday


Legal system: the laws of the US where applicable apply

International law organization participation



Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Howland%20Island: the flag of the US is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Howland Island - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: no economic activity

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products


Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index


Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance



Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates

Howland Island - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Howland Island - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Howland Island - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Howland Island - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: airstrip constructed in 1937 for scheduled refueling stop on the round-the-world flight of Amelia EARHART and Fred NOONAN - they left Lae New Guinea for Howland Island but were never seen again; the airstrip is no longer serviceable (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways





Waterways: none

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals

Howland Island - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

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