Statistical information Ireland 2001Ireland

Map of Ireland | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Ireland in the World
Ireland in the World

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Ireland - Introduction 2001
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Background: A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for the 26 southern counties; the six northern counties (Ulster) remained part of Great Britain. In 1948 Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Irish governments have sought the peaceful unification of Ireland and have cooperated with Britain against terrorist groups. A peace settlement for Northern Ireland approved in 1998 was implemented the following year.


Ireland - Geography 2001
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Location: Western Europe occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean west of Great Britain

Geographic coordinates: 53 00 N 8 00 W

Map referenceEurope

Area
Total: 70,280 km²
Land: 68,890 km²
Water: 1,390 km²
Comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia

Land boundaries
Total: 360 km
Border countries: (1) UK 360 km

Coastline: 1448 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: not specified
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

Terrain: mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Carrauntoohil 1,041 m

Natural resources: zinc lead natural gas barite copper gypsum limestone dolomite peat silver
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 13%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 68%
Forests and woodland: 5%
Other: 14% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Geography
Note: strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 97 km of Dublin


Ireland - People 2001
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Population: 3,840,838 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 1.12% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: 10% (1997 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)
Adjective: Irish

Ethnic groups: Celtic English

Languages: English is the language generally used Irish (Gaelic) spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard

Religions: Roman Catholic 91.6% Church of Ireland 2.5% other 5.9% (1998)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 21.57% (male 425,328; female 403,204)
15-64 years: 67.08% (male 1,290,002; female 1,286,312)
65 years and over: 11.35% (male 188,868; female 247,124) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.12% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 14.57 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 8.07 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 4.69 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water pollution especially of lakes from agricultural runoff
International agreements party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.07 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 1 male/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male/female
Total population: 0.98 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.53 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 76.99 years
Male: 74.23 years
Female: 79.93 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.9 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 2,200 (1999 est.)
Deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 98% (1981 est.)
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Ireland - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Ireland

Government type: republic

Capital: Dublin

Administrative divisions: 26 counties; Carlow Cavan Clare Cork Donegal Dublin Galway Kerry Kildare Kilkenny Laois Leitrim Limerick Longford Louth Mayo Meath Monaghan Offaly Roscommon Sligo Tipperary Waterford Westmeath Wexford Wicklow

Dependent areas

Independence: 6 December 1921 (from UK by treaty)

National holiday: Saint Patrick's Day 17 March

Constitution: 29 December 1937; adopted 1 July 1937 by plebiscite

Legal system: based on English common law substantially modified by indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Mary MCALEESE (since 11 November 1997)
Head of government: Prime Minister Bertie AHERN (since 26 June 1997)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president with previous nomination by the prime minister and approval of the House of Representatives
Elections: president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; election last held 31 October 1997 (next to be held NA November 2004); prime minister nominated by the House of Representatives and appointed by the president
Election results: Mary MCALEESE elected president; percent of vote - Mary MCALEESE 44.8%, Mary BANOTTI 29.6%
Note: government coalition - Fianna Fail and the Progressive Democrats

Legislative branch
Elections: Senate - last held NA August 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); House of Representatives - last held 6 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002)
Election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Fianna Fail 29, Fine Gael 16, Labor Party 4, Progressive Democrats 4, others 7; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Fianna Fail 76, Fine Gael 53, Labor Party 19, Progressive Democrats 4, Democratic Left 4, Green Alliance 2, Sinn Fein 1, independents 7; note - seats by party in the House of Representatives as of 1 January 2001 were as follows: Fianna Fail 76, Fine Gael 54, Labor Party 21, Progressive Democrats 4, Green Alliance 2, Socialist Party 1, Sinn Fein 1, independents 7

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet)

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Left [Proinsias DE ROSSA]; Fianna Fail [Bertie AHERN]; Fine Gael [Michael NOONAN]; Green Party [Mary BOWERS]; Labor Party [Ruairi QUINN]; Progressive Democrats [Mary HARNEY]; Sinn Fein [Gerry ADAMS]; Socialist Party [Joe HIGGINS]; The Workers' Party [Tom FRENCH]

International organization participation: Australia Group BIS CCC CE EBRD ECE EIB EMU ESA EU FAO IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICFTU ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Intelsat Interpol IOC IOM (observer) ISO ITU MINURSO NAM (guest) NEA NSG OAS (observer) OECD OPCW OSCE PFP UN UN Security Council (temporary) UNCTAD UNESCO UNFICYP UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL UNIKOM UNITAR UNMIBH UNMIK UNMOP UNTAET UNTSO UPU WEU (observer) WHO WIPO WMO WTrO ZC

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Sean O'HUIGINN
In the us chancery: 2,234 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 462-3,939
In the us fax: [1] (202) 232-5,993
In the us consulates general: Boston, Chicago, New York, and San Francisco
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Michael J. SULLIVAN
From the us embassy: 42 Elgin Road, Ballsbridge, Dublin 4
From the us mailing address: use embassy street address
From the us telephone: [353] (1) 668-7,122/668-8,777
From the us fax: [353] (1) 668-9,946

Flag descriptionflag of Ireland: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) white and orange; similar to the flag of Cote d'Ivoire which is shorter and has the colors reversed - orange (hoist side) white and green; also similar to the flag of Italy which is shorter and has colors of green (hoist side) white and red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Ireland - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Ireland is a small modern trade-dependent economy with growth averaging a robust 9% in 1995-2000. Agriculture once the most important sector is now dwarfed by industry which accounts for 38% of GDP and about 80% of exports and employs 28% of the labor force. Although exports remain the primary engine for Ireland's robust growth the economy is also benefiting from a rise in consumer spending and recovery in both construction and business investment. Over the past decade the Irish government has implemented a series of national economic programs designed to curb inflation reduce government spending increase labor force skills and promote foreign investment. Ireland joined in launching the euro currency system in January 1999 along with 10 other EU nations. The Irish economy is in danger of overheating with the tight labor market driving up wage demands and inflation.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 9.9% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 4%
Industry: 38%
Services: 58% (1999)

Agriculture products: turnips barley potatoes sugar beets wheat; beef dairy products

Industries: food products brewing textiles clothing; chemicals pharmaceuticals machinery transportation equipment glass and crystal; software

Industrial production growth rate: 14% (2000 est.)

Labor force: 1.82 million (2000 est.)
By occupation services: 64%
By occupation industry: 28%
By occupation agriculture: 8% (2000 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 4.1% (2000)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 10% (1997 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: 2%
Highest 10: 27.3% (1997)

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $25.7 billion
Expenditures: $19.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $2 billion (2000)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 5.6% (2000)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $73.5 billion (f.o.b. 2000)
Commodities: machinery and equipment computers chemicals pharmaceuticals; live animals animal products
Partners: EU 59% (UK 19% Germany 9% France 7%) US 20% (2000)

Imports: $45.7 billion (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: data processing equipment other machinery and equipment chemicals; petroleum and petroleum products textiles clothing
Partners: EU 54% (UK 29% Germany 6% France 5%) US 18% Japan 5% Singapore 4% (2000)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $11 billion (1998)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Irish pounds per US dollar - 1.0658 (January 2001) 1.0823 (2000) 0.9374 (1999) 0.7014 (1998) 0.6588 (1997) 0.6248 (1996)


Ireland - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 19.542 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 94.42%
By source hydro: 4.23%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 1.35% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 18.414 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 50 million kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 290 million kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Ireland - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 2 million (2001)

Telephone system
General assessment: modern digital system using cable and microwave radio relay
Domestic: microwave radio relay
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .ie

Internet users: 1 million (2001)

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Ireland - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $738 million (2001 est.)
Percent of gdp: 0.75% (2001 est.)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Ireland - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 44 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 17
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 3
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 5
With paved runways under 914 m: 7 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 27
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 2
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 25 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 17
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 3
914 to 1523 m: 5
Under 914 m: 7 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 27
914 to 1523 m: 2
Under 914 m: 25 (2000 est.)

Heliports

Pipelines: natural gas 7,592 km (transmission 1158 km; distribution 6,434 km) (2000)

Railways
Total: 1,947 km
Broad gauge: 1,947 km 1.600-m gauge (38 km electrified; 485 km double track) (1998)

Roadways

Waterways: 700 km (limited facilities for commercial traffic) (1998)

Merchant marine
Total: 29 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 115,554 GRT/135,391 DWT
Ships by type: bulk 4, cargo 22, container 2, short-sea passenger 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Ireland - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: Northern Ireland issue with the UK (historic peace agreement signed 10 April 1998); disputes with Iceland Denmark and the UK over the Faroe Islands continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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