Statistical information Jarvis Island 2001Jarvis%20Island

Map of Jarvis Island | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Jarvis Island in the World
Jarvis Island in the World

Iberostar Hotels


Jarvis Island - Introduction 2001
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Background: First discovered by the British in 1821 the uninhabited island was annexed by the US in 1858 but abandoned in 1879 after tons of guano had been removed. The UK annexed the island in 1889 but never carried out plans for further exploitation. The US occupied and reclaimed the island in 1935. Abandoned after World War II the island is currently a National Wildlife Refuge administered by the US Department of the Interior; a day beacon is situated near the middle of the west coast.


Jarvis Island - Geography 2001
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Location: Oceania island in the South Pacific Ocean about one-half of the way from Hawaii to the Cook Islands

Geographic coordinates: 0 22 S 160 03 W

Map referenceOceania

Area
Total: 4.5 km²
Land: 4.5 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 8 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical; scant rainfall constant wind burning sun

Terrain: sandy coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location 7 m

Natural resources: guano (deposits worked until late 1800s) terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 100%

Irrigated land: 0 km² (1998)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

Geography
Note: sparse bunch grass prostrate vines and low-growing shrubs; primarily a nesting roosting and foraging habitat for seabirds shorebirds and marine wildlife


Jarvis Island - People 2001
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Population
Note: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; public entry is by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service only and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service (July 2001 est.)

Nationality

Ethnic groups

Languages

Religions

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate

Birth rate

Death rate

Net migration rate

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: no natural fresh water resources

Air pollutants

Sex ratio

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate

Life expectancy at birth

Total fertility rate

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Jarvis Island - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Jarvis Island

Government type

Capital

Administrative divisions

Dependent areas

Independence

National holiday

Constitution

Legal system: the laws of the US where applicable apply

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Political parties and leaders

International organization participation

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Jarvis%20Island: the flag of the US is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Jarvis Island - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: no economic activity

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin

Agriculture products

Industries

Industrial production growth rate

Labor force
Labor force

Unemployment rate

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports

Imports

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates


Jarvis Island - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Jarvis Island - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular

Telephone system

Broadcast media

Internet country code

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Jarvis Island - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Jarvis Island - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine

Ports and terminals


Jarvis Island - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Sesame


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