Statistical information Maldives 2001Maldives

Map of Maldives | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

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Maldives - Introduction 2001
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Background: The Maldives were long a sultanate first under Dutch and then under British protection. They became a republic in 1968 three years after independence. Tourism and fishing are being developed on the archipelago.

Maldives - Geography 2001
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Location: Southern Asia group of atolls in the Indian Ocean south-southwest of India

Geographic coordinates: 3 15 N 73 00 E

Map referenceAsia

Total: 300 km²
Land: 300 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: about 1.7 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 644 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 NM
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical; hot humid; dry northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy southwest monsoon (June to August)

Terrain: flat with white sandy beaches

Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location on Wilingili island in the Addu Atoll 2.4 m

Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 10%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 3%
Forests and woodland: 3%
Other: 84% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: low level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise

Note: 1190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls (200 inhabited islands plus 80 islands with tourist resorts); archipelago of strategic location astride and along major sea lanes in Indian Ocean

Maldives - People 2001
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Population: 310,764 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 3.01% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Maldivian
Adjective: Maldivian

Ethnic groups: South Indians Sinhalese Arabs

Languages: Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of Sinhala script derived from Arabic) English spoken by most government officials

Religions: Sunni Muslim

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 45.63% (male 72,920; female 68,895)
15-64 years: 51.37% (male 81,506; female 78,149)
65 years and over: 3% (male 4,806; female 4,488) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.01% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 38.15 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 8.09 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies; global warming and sea level rise; coral reef bleaching
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.06 male/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male/female
65 years and over: 1.07 male/female
Total population: 1.05 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 63.72 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 62.56 years
Male: 61.39 years
Female: 63.8 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 5.5 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 0.05% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 93.2%
Male: 93.3%
Female: 93% (1995 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Maldives - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Maldives
Conventional short form: Maldives
Local long form: Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
Local short form: Dhivehi Raajje

Government type: republic

Capital: Male

Administrative divisions: 19 atolls (atholhu singular and plural) and 1 other first-order administrative division*; Alifu Baa Dhaalu Faafu Gaafu Alifu Gaafu Dhaalu Gnaviyani Haa Alifu Haa Dhaalu Kaafu Laamu Lhaviyani Maale* Meemu Noonu Raa Seenu Shaviyani Thaa Vaavu

Dependent areas

Independence: 26 July 1965 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 26 July (1965)

Constitution: adopted January 1998

Legal system: based on Islamic law with admixtures of English common law primarily in commercial matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 November 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Head of government: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM (since 11 November 1978); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Cabinet: appointed by the president; note - need not be members of Majlis
Elections: president nominated by the Majlis and then that nomination must be ratified by a national referendum (at least a 51% approval margin is required); president elected for a five-year term; election last held 16 October 1998 (next to be held NA October 2003)
Election results: President Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM reelected; percent of popular vote - Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM 90.9%

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 20 November 1999 (next to be held NA November 2004)
Election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 42

Judicial branch: High Court

Political parties and leaders: although political parties are not banned none exist

International organization participation: AsDB C CCC CP ESCAP FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO IDA IDB IFAD IFC IMF IMO Intelsat (nonsignatory user) Interpol IOC ITU NAM OIC OPCW SAARC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WHO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us: Maldives does not have an embassy in the US but does have a Permanent Mission to the UN in New York
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Maldives; the US Ambassador to Sri Lanka is accredited to Maldives and makes periodic visits there

Flag descriptionflag of Maldives: red with a large green rectangle in the center bearing a vertical white crescent; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Maldives - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Tourism Maldives largest industry accounts for 20% of GDP and more than 60% of the Maldives' foreign exchange receipts. Over 90% of government tax revenue comes from import duties and tourism-related taxes. Almost 400,000 tourists visited the islands in 1998. Fishing is a second leading sector. The Maldivian Government began an economic reform program in 1989 initially by lifting import quotas and opening some exports to the private sector. Subsequently it has liberalized regulations to allow more foreign investment. Agriculture and manufacturing continue to play a minor role in the economy constrained by the limited availability of cultivable land and the shortage of domestic labor. Most staple foods must be imported. Industry which consists mainly of garment production boat building and handicrafts accounts for about 18% of GDP. Maldivian authorities worry about the impact of erosion and possible global warming on their low-lying country; 80% of the area is one meter or less above sea level.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 7.6% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 20%
Industry: 18%
Services: 62% (2000 est.)

Agriculture products: coconuts corn sweet potatoes; fish

Industries: fish processing tourism shipping boat building coconut processing garments woven mats rope handicrafts coral and sand mining

Industrial production growth rate: 4.4% (1996 est.)

Labor force: 67,000 (1995)
By occupation agriculture: 22%
By occupation industry: 18%
By occupation services: 60% (1995)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NEGL%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $166 million (excluding foreign grants)
Expenditures: $192 million, including capital expenditures of $80 million (1999 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $88 million (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: fish clothing
Partners: US UK Sri Lanka Japan

Imports: $372 million (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: consumer goods intermediate and capital goods petroleum products
Partners: Singapore India Sri Lanka Japan Canada

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $237 million (2000 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: rufiyaa per US dollar - 11.770 (fixed rate since 1995)

Maldives - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 101 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 93.9 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Maldives - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1290 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: minimal domestic and international facilities
Domestic: interatoll communication through microwave links; all inhabited islands are connected with telephone and fax service
International: satellite earth station - 3 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .mv

Internet users: 2000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Maldives - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Maldives - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 3
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 3 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
Over 3047 m: 1
2438 to 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 3
914 to 1523 m: 3 (2000 est.)



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 17 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 58,604 GRT/81,451 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 16, short-sea passenger 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Maldives - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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