Statistical information Martinique 2001Martinique

Map of Martinique | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Martinique in the World
Martinique in the World


Martinique - Introduction 2001
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Background: Colonized by France in 1635 the island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.

Martinique - Geography 2001
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Location: Caribbean island in the Caribbean Sea north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates: 14 40 N 61 00 W

Map referenceCentral America and the Caribbean

Total: 1,100 km²
Land: 1,060 km²
Water: 40 km²
Comparative: slightly more than six times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 350 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid

Terrain: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano

Extremes lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Montagne Pelee 1,397 m

Natural resources: coastal scenery and beaches cultivable land
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 8%
Permanent crops: 8%
Permanent pastures: 17%
Forests and woodland: 44%
Other: 23% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 40 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: hurricanes flooding and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years)


Martinique - People 2001
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Population: 418,454 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.93% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Martiniquais (singular and plural)
Adjective: Martiniquais

Ethnic groups: African and African-white-Indian mixture 90% white 5% East Indian Chinese less than 5%

Languages: French Creole patois

Religions: Roman Catholic 95% Hindu and pagan African 5%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 23.1% (male 49,016; female 47,653)
15-64 years: 66.77% (male 139,106; female 140,291)
65 years and over: 10.13% (male 18,893; female 23,495) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.93% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 15.76 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 6.39 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.08 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.02 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male/female
Total population: 0.98 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 7.8 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 78.41 years
Male: 79.11 years
Female: 77.69 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 93%
Male: 92%
Female: 93% (1982 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Martinique - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Department of Martinique
Conventional short form: Martinique
Local long form: Departement de la Martinique
Local short form: Martinique

Government type: NA

Capital: Fort-de-France

Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National holiday: Bastille Day 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French legal system

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995); Prefect Jean-Francois CORDET (since NA)
Head of government: President of the General Council Claude LISE (since 22 March 1992); President of the Regional Council Alfred MARIE-JEANNE (since NA March 1998)
Cabinet: NA
Elections: French president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; the presidents of the General and Regional Councils are elected by the members of those councils

Legislative branch
Elections: General Council - last held NA March 2000 (next to be held NA 2006); Regional Assembly - last held on 15 March 1998 (next to be held by March 2004)
Election results: General Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; note - the PPM won a plurality; Regional Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - RPR-UDF 14, MIM 13, PPM 7, left parties 4, PMS 3
Note: Martinique elects 2 seats to the French Senate; elections last held NA September 1998 (next to be held September 2001); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - PPM 2; Martinique also elects 4 seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held 1 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - RPR 2, PS 1, independent 1

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel

Political parties and leaders: Martinique Independence Movement or MIM [Alfred MARIE-JEANNE]; Martinique Progressive Party or PPM [Camille DARSIERES]; Martinique Socialist Party or PMS [Ernest WAN-AJOUHU]; Rally for the Republic or RPR [Michel CHARLONE]; Union for French Democracy or UDF (replaced by Martinique Forces of Progress) [Jean MAREN]

International organization participation: FZ WCL WFTU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas department of France)
From the us: none (overseas department of France)

Flag descriptionflag of Martinique: a light blue background is divided into four quadrants by a white cross; in the center of each rectangle is a white snake; the flag of France is used for official occasions

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Martinique - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The economy is based on sugarcane bananas tourism and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GDP and the small industrial sector for 11%. Sugar production has declined with most of the sugarcane now used for the production of rum. Banana exports are increasing going mostly to France. The bulk of meat vegetable and grain requirements must be imported contributing to a chronic trade deficit that requires large annual transfers of aid from France. Tourism has become more important than agricultural exports as a source of foreign exchange. The majority of the work force is employed in the service sector and in administration.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 6%
Industry: 11%
Services: 83% (1997 est.)

Agriculture products: pineapples avocados bananas flowers vegetables sugarcane

Industries: construction rum cement oil refining sugar tourism

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 170,000 (1997)
By occupation agriculture: 10%
By occupation industry: 17%
By occupation services: 73% (1997)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 27.2% (1998)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $900 million
Expenditures: $2.5 billion, including capital expenditures of $140 million (1996)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3.9% (1990)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $250 million (f.o.b. 1997)
Commodities: refined petroleum products bananas rum pineapples
Partners: France 45% Guadeloupe 28% (1997)

Imports: $2 billion (c.i.f. 1997)
Commodities: petroleum products crude oil foodstuffs construction materials vehicles clothing and other consumer goods
Partners: France 62% Venezuela 6% Germany 4% Italy 4% US 3% (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $180 million (1994)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (January 2001) 1.0854 (2000) 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998) 5.8367 (1997) 5.1155 (1996)

Martinique - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.1 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 1.023 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Martinique - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 15,000 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: domestic facilities are adequate
Domestic: NA
International: microwave radio relay to Guadeloupe, Dominica, and Saint Lucia; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .mq

Internet users: 5,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Martinique - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Martinique - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 2 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 1
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
Over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Martinique - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: none

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Undercover Tourist

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