Statistical information Mauritius 2001Mauritius

Map of Mauritius | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Mauritius in the World
Mauritius in the World

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Mauritius - Introduction 2001
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Background: Discovered by the Portuguese in 1505 Mauritius was subsequently held by the Dutch French and British before independence was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather and declining sugar prices have slowed economic growth leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.


Mauritius - Geography 2001
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Location: Southern Africa island in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates: 20 17 S 57 33 E

Map referenceWorld

Area
Total: 1,860 km²
Land: 1,850 km²
Water: 10 km²
Note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues
Comparative: almost 11 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 177 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical modified by southeast trade winds; warm dry winter (May to November); hot wet humid summer (November to May)

Terrain: small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mont Piton 828 m

Natural resources: arable land: fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 49%
Permanent crops: 3%
Permanent pastures: 3%
Forests and woodland: 22%
Other: 23% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 170 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: cyclones (November to April); almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards

Geography


Mauritius - People 2001
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Population: 1,189,825 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.88% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: 10.6% (1992 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Mauritian
Adjective: Mauritian

Ethnic groups: Indo-Mauritian 68% Creole 27% Sino-Mauritian 3% Franco-Mauritian 2%

Languages: English (official) Creole French Hindi Urdu Hakka Bojpoori

Religions: Hindu 52% Christian 28.3% (Roman Catholic 26% Protestant 2.3%) Muslim 16.6% other 3.1%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 25.53% (male 153,691; female 150,094)
15-64 years: 68.24% (male 404,940; female 407,056)
65 years and over: 6.23% (male 29,588; female 44,456) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.88% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 16.5 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 6.82 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: -0.92 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: water pollution degradation of coral reefs
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.02 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male/female
Total population: 0.98 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 17.19 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 71.25 years
Male: 67.26 years
Female: 75.31 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.01 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: 0.08% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 82.9%
Male: 87.1%
Female: 78.8% (1995 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Mauritius - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Mauritius
Conventional short form: Mauritius

Government type: parliamentary democracy

Capital: Port Louis

Administrative divisions: 9 districts and 3 dependencies*; Agalega Islands* Black River Cargados Carajos Shoals* Flacq Grand Port Moka Pamplemousses Plaines Wilhems Port Louis Riviere du Rempart Rodrigues* Savanne

Dependent areas

Independence: 12 March 1968 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 12 March (1968)

Constitution: 12 March 1968; amended 12 March 1992

Legal system: based on French civil law system with elements of English common law in certain areas

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Cassam UTEEM (since 1 July 1992) and Vice President Angidi Verriah CHETTIAR (since 28 June 1997)
Head of government: Prime Minister Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH (since 17 September 2000) and Deputy Prime Minister Paul BERENGER (since 17 September 2000)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
Elections: president and vice president elected by the National Assembly for five-year terms; election last held 28 June 1997 (next to be held NA 2002); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president and are responsible to the National Assembly
Election results: Cassam UTEEM reelected president and Angidi Verriah CHETTIAR elected vice president; percent of vote by the National Assembly - NA%

Legislative branch
Elections: last held on 11 September 2000 (next to be held by September 2005)
Election results: percent of vote by party - MSM/MMM 52.3%, MLP/PMSD 36.9%, OPR 10.8%; seats by party - MSM/MMM 54, MLP/PMSD 6, OPR 2

Judicial branch: Supreme Court

Political parties and leaders: Hizbullah [Cehl Mohamed FAKEEMEEAH]; Mauritian Labor Party or MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]; Mauritian Militant Movement or MMM [Paul BERENGER] - in coalition with MSM; Mauritian Militant Renaissance or MMR [Dr. Paramhansa NABABSING]; Mauritian Social Democrat Party or PMSD [Charles Xavier-Luc DUVAL]; Militant Socialist Movement or MSM [Sir Anerood JUGNAUTH] - governing party; Rodrigues Movement or OPR [Joseph (Nicholas) Von MALLY]

International organization participation: ACCT ACP AfDB C CCC ECA FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICFTU ICRM IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat InOC Intelsat Interpol IOC ISO ITU NAM OAU OPCW SADC UN UN Security Council (temporary) UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WCL WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WToO WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Usha JEETAH
In the us chancery: Suite 441, 4,301 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,008
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 244-1491, 1492
In the us fax: [1] (202) 966-0983
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Mark W. ERWIN
From the us embassy: 4th Floor, Rogers House, John Kennedy Street, Port Louis
From the us mailing address: international mail: P. O. Box 544, Port Louis; US mail: American Embassy, Port Louis, Department of State, Washington, DC 20,521-2,450
From the us telephone: [230] 208-2,347, 208-2,354, 208-9,763 through 9,767
From the us fax: [230] 208-9,534

Flag descriptionflag of Mauritius: four equal horizontal bands of red (top) blue yellow and green

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Mauritius - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Since independence in 1968 Mauritius has developed from a low-income agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial financial and tourist sectors. For most of the period annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in increased life expectancy lowered infant mortality and a much-improved infrastructure. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 25% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on foreign investment. Mauritius has attracted more than 9,000 offshore entities many aimed at commerce in India and South Africa and investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Economic performance since 1991 has continued strong with solid growth and low unemployment.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 7.5% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 10%
Industry: 29%
Services: 61% (1996)

Agriculture products: sugarcane tea corn potatoes bananas pulses; cattle goats; fish

Industries: food processing (largely sugar milling) textiles clothing; chemicals metal products transport equipment nonelectrical machinery; tourism

Industrial production growth rate: 8% (2000 est.)

Labor force: 514,000 (1995)
By occupation construction and industry: 36%
By occupation services: 24%
By occupation agriculture and fishing: 14%
By occupation trade restaurants hotels: 16%
By occupation transportation and communication: 7%
By occupation finance: 3% (1995)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 6.4% (1999 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: 10.6% (1992 est.)

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $1.1 billion
Expenditures: $1.2 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 5.3% (2000 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.6 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: clothing and textiles sugar cut flowers molasses
Partners: UK 32% France 19% US 15% Germany 6% Italy 4% (1999 est.)

Imports: $2.3 billion (f.o.b. 1999)
Commodities: manufactured goods capital equipment foodstuffs petroleum products chemicals (1996)
Partners: France 14% South Africa 11% India 8% UK 5% (1999 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $1.9 billion (1998 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Mauritian rupees per US dollar - 27.900 (January 2001) 26.250 (2000) 25.186 (1999) 22.993 (1998) 21.057 (1997) 17.948 (1996)


Mauritius - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.26 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 91.27%
By source hydro: 8.73%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 1.172 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Mauritius - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 37,000 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: small system with good service
Domestic: primarily microwave radio relay
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .mu

Internet users: 55,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Mauritius - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $11 million (FY97/98)
Percent of gdp: 0.3% (FY97/98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Mauritius - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 5 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 3
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
Over 3047 m: 1
914 to 1523 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 3
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 9 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 61,909 GRT/87,313 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 2, combination bulk 2, container 2, liquefied gas 1, refrigerated cargo 2
Note: includes a foreign-owned ship registered here as a flag of convenience: India 1 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Mauritius - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international: claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory); claims French-administered Tromelin Island

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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