Statistical information Mayotte 2001Mayotte

Map of Mayotte | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Mayotte in the World
Mayotte in the World

Iberostar Hotels

Mayotte - Introduction 2001
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Background: Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other Comoros in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forgo independence.

Mayotte - Geography 2001
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Location: Southern Africa island in the Mozambique Channel about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique

Geographic coordinates: 12 50 S 45 10 E

Map referenceAfrica

Total: 374 km²
Land: 374 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 185.2 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical; marine; hot humid rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)

Terrain: generally undulating with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks

Extremes lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Benara 660 m

Natural resources: NEGL
Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA%
Permanent crops: NA%
Permanent pastures: NA%
Forests and woodland: NA%
Other: NA%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: cyclones during rainy season

Note: part of Comoro Archipelago; 18 islands

Mayotte - People 2001
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Population: 163,366 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 4.58% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Mahorais (singular and plural)
Adjective: Mahoran

Ethnic groups: NA

Languages: Mahorian (a Swahili dialect) French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population

Religions: Muslim 97% Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 46.59% (male 38,188; female 37,920)
15-64 years: 51.73% (male 46,132; female 38,378)
65 years and over: 1.68% (male 1,361; female 1,387) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 4.58% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 44.39 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 8.84 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 10.28 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male/female
15-64 years: 1.2 male/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male/female
Total population: 1.1 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 69.54 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 59.83 years
Male: 57.77 years
Female: 61.96 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 6.24 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: NA
Total population: NA%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Mayotte - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte
Conventional short form: Mayotte

Government type: NA

Capital: Mamoutzou

Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Dependent areas

Independence: none (territorial collectivity of France)

National holiday: Bastille Day 14 July (1789)

Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French Constitution)

Legal system: French law

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Pierre BAYLE (since 15 July 1998)
Head of government: President of the General Council Younoussa BAMANA (since NA 1977)
Cabinet: NA
Elections: French president elected by popular vote for a seven-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; president of the General Council elected by the members of the General Council for a six-year term

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 7 October 2000 (next to be held NA 2003)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA
Note: Mayotte elects one member of the French Senate; elections last held 24 September 1995 (next to be held 24 September 2001); results - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - MPM 1; Mayotte also elects one member to the French National Assembly; elections last held 25 May and 1 June 1997 (next to be held as a special election on NA May 2002); results - percent of vote by party - UDF/FD 51.7%, RPR 48.3%; seats by party - UDF/FD 1

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Front or FD [Youssouf MOUSSA]; Mahoran Popular Movement or MPM [Younoussa BAMANA]; Mahoran Rally for the Republic or RPR [Mansour KAMARDINE]; Movement for Department Status Mayotte or MDM [Henri JEAN-BAPTISTE]; Socialist Party or PS (local branch of French Parti Socialiste) [Ibrahim ABUBACAR]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Henri JEAN-BAPTISTE]

International organization participation: FZ

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (territorial collectivity of France)
From the us: none (territorial collectivity of France)

Flag descriptionflag of Mayotte: the flag of France is used

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Mayotte - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are heavily dependent on French financial assistance an important supplement to GDP. Mayotte's remote location is an obstacle to the development of tourism.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: vanilla ylang-ylang (perfume essence) coffee copra

Industries: newly created lobster and shrimp industry construction

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 45% (1997)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $NA
Expenditures: $73 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1991 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $3.44 million (f.o.b. 1997)
Commodities: ylang-ylang (perfume essence) vanilla copra coconuts coffee cinnamon
Partners: France 80% Comoros 15% Reunion

Imports: $141.3 million (f.o.b. 1997)
Commodities: food machinery and equipment transportation equipment metals chemicals
Partners: France 66% Africa 14% Southeast Asia 11% (1997)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (January 2001) 1.0854 (2000) 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998) 5.8367 (1997) 5.1155 (1996)

Mayotte - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh
By source fossil fuel: NA%
By source hydro: NA%
By source nuclear: NA%
By source other: NA%

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Mayotte - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (2000)

Telephone system
General assessment: small system administered by French Department of Posts and Telecommunications
Domestic: NA
International: microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communications to Comoros and other international connections

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .yt

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Mayotte - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Mayotte - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways



Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Mayotte - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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