Statistical information Monaco 2001Monaco

Map of Monaco | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Monaco in the World
Monaco in the World

Monaco - Introduction 2001
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Background: Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then the principality's mild climate splendid scenery and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.

Monaco - Geography 2001
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Location: Western Europe bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France near the border with Italy

Geographic coordinates: 43 44 N 7 24 E

Map referenceEurope

Total: 1.95 km²
Land: 1.95 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: about three times the size of The Mall in Washington DC

Land boundaries
Total: 4.4 km
Border countries: (1) France 4.4 km

Coastline: 4.1 km

Maritime claims
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: Mediterranean with mild wet winters and hot dry summers

Terrain: hilly rugged rocky

Extremes lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mont Agel 140 m

Natural resources: none
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 0%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 0%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 100% (urban area)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: NA

Note: second smallest independent state in the world (after Holy See); almost entirely urban

Monaco - People 2001
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Population: 31,842 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.46% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Monegasque or Monacan
Adjective: Monegasque or Monacan

Ethnic groups: French 47% Monegasque 16% Italian 16% other 21%

Languages: French (official) English Italian Monegasque

Religions: Roman Catholic 90%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 15.32% (male 2,503; female 2,375)
15-64 years: 62.23% (male 9,731; female 10,083)
65 years and over: 22.45% (male 2,921; female 4,229) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.46% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 9.74 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 13 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 7.85 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: NA
International agreements party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
International agreements signed but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male/female
Total population: 0.91 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.83 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 78.98 years
Male: 75.04 years
Female: 83.12 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.76 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: NA
Total population: 99%
Male: NA%
Female: NA%

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Monaco - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Principality of Monaco
Conventional short form: Monaco
Local long form: Principaute de Monaco
Local short form: Monaco

Government type: constitutional monarchy

Capital: Monaco

Administrative divisions: none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government but there are four quarters (quartiers singular - quartier); Fontvieille La Condamine Monaco-Ville Monte-Carlo

Dependent areas

Independence: 1419 (beginning of the rule by the House of Grimaldi)

National holiday: National Day (Prince of Monaco Holiday) 19 November

Constitution: 17 December 1962

Legal system: based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: Prince RAINIER III (since 9 May 1949); Heir Apparent Prince ALBERT Alexandre Louis Pierre, son of the monarch (born 14 March 1958)
Head of government: Minister of State Patrick LECLERQUE (since 5 January 2000)
Cabinet: Council of Government is under the authority of the monarch
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; minister of state appointed by the monarch from a list of three French national candidates presented by the French Government

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 1 and 8 February 1998 (next to be held NA January 2003)
Election results: percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - UND 18

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Tribunal Supreme (judges appointed by the monarch on the basis of nominations by the National Council)

Political parties and leaders: National and Democratic Union or UND [leader NA]; National Union for the Future of Monaco or UNAM [leader NA]; Rally for the Monegasque Family [leader NA]

International organization participation: ACCT ECE IAEA ICAO ICRM IFRCS IHO IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC ITU OPCW OSCE UN UNCTAD UNESCO UPU WHO WIPO WMO WToO

Diplomatic representation
In the us consulates general: New York
From the us: the US does not have an embassy in Monaco; the US Consul General in Marseille (France) is accredited to Monaco

Flag descriptionflag of Monaco: two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white; similar to the flag of Indonesia which is longer and the flag of Poland which is white (top) and red

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Monaco - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Monaco situated on the French Mediterranean coast is a popular resort attracting tourists to its casino and pleasant climate. The Principality has successfully sought to diversify into services and small high-value-added nonpolluting industries. The state has no income tax and low business taxes and thrives as a tax haven both for individuals who have established residence and for foreign companies that have set up businesses and offices. The state retains monopolies in a number of sectors including tobacco the telephone network and the postal service. Living standards are high roughly comparable to those in prosperous French metropolitan areas. Monaco does not publish national income figures; the estimates below are extremely rough.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: none

Industries: tourism construction small-scale industrial and consumer products

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 30,540 (January 1994)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 3.1% (1998)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $518 million
Expenditures: $531 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1995)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: calendar year

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA; full customs integration with France which collects and rebates Monegasque trade duties; also participates in EU market system through customs union with France

Imports: $NA; full customs integration with France which collects and rebates Monegasque trade duties; also participates in EU market system through customs union with France

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.0659 (January 2001) 1.0854 (2000) 0.9386 (1999); French francs per US dollar - 5.8995 (1998) 5.8367 (1997) 5.1155 (1996)

Monaco - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports
Note: electricity supplied by France (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Monaco - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system
General assessment: modern automatic telephone system
Domestic: NA
International: no satellite earth stations; connected by cable into the French communications system

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .mc

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Monaco - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Monaco - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: linked to airport in Nice France by helicopter service

Airports with paved runways

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports: 1 (shuttle service between the international airport at Nice France and Monaco's heliport at Fontvieille)


Total: 1.7 km
Standard gauge: 1.7 km 1.435-m gauge


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Monaco - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Qatar Airways

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