Statistical information Namibia 2001Namibia

Map of Namibia | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Namibia in the World
Namibia in the World


Namibia - Introduction 2001
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Background: South Africa occupied the German colony of Sud-West Afrika during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that was soon named Namibia but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Independence came in 1990.

Namibia - Geography 2001
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Location: Southern Africa bordering the South Atlantic Ocean between Angola and South Africa

Geographic coordinates: 22 00 S 17 00 E

Map referenceAfrica

Total: 825,418 km²
Land: 825,418 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly more than half the size of Alaska

Land boundaries
Total: 3,824 km
Border countries: (4) Angola 1,376 km; , Botswana 1,360 km; , South Africa 855 km; , Zambia 233 km

Coastline: 1572 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 NM
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: desert; hot dry; rainfall sparse and erratic

Terrain: mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east

Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Konigstein 2,606 m

Natural resources
Note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 46%
Forests and woodland: 22%
Other: 31% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 60 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: prolonged periods of drought


Namibia - People 2001
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Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 1.38% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: Namibian
Adjective: Namibian

Ethnic groups
Note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%

Languages: English 7% (official) Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population German 32% indigenous languages: Oshivambo Herero Nama

Religions: Christian 80% to 90% (Lutheran 50% at least) indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 42.74% (male 389,028; female 379,229)
15-64 years: 53.54% (male 480,075; female 482,375)
65 years and over: 3.72% (male 29,109; female 37,861) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.38% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 34.71 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 20.9 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: very limited natural fresh water resources; desertification
International agreements party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.03 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male/female
15-64 years: 1 male/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male/female
Total population: 1 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 71.66 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 40.62 years
Male: 42.48 years
Female: 38.71 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 4.83 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: 19.54% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: 160,000 (1999 est.)
Deaths: 18,000 (1999 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 38%
Male: 45%
Female: 31% (1960 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Namibia - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Namibia
Conventional short form: Namibia
Former: German Southwest Africa, South-West Africa

Government type: republic

Capital: Windhoek

Administrative divisions: 13 regions; Caprivi Erongo Hardap Karas Khomas Kunene Ohangwena Okavango Omaheke Omusati Oshana Oshikoto Otjozondjupa

Dependent areas

Independence: 21 March 1990 (from South African mandate)

National holiday: Independence Day 21 March (1990)

Constitution: ratified 9 February 1990; effective 12 March 1990

Legal system: based on Roman-Dutch law and 1990 constitution

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA (since 21 March 1990); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Head of government: President Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA (since 21 March 1990); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
Elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 30 November-1 December 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
Election results: Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA elected president; percent of vote - Sam Shafishuna NUJOMA 77%

Legislative branch
Elections: National Council - elections for regional councils, to determine members of the National Council, held 30 November-1 December 1998 (next to be held by December 2004); National Assembly - last held 30 November-1 December 1999 (next to be held by December 2004)
Election results: National Council - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - SWAPO 21, DTA 4, UDF 1; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - SWAPO 76%, COD 10%, DTA 9%, UDF 3%, MAG 1%, other 1%; seats by party - SWAPO 55, COD 7, DTA 7, UDF 2, MAG 1,
Note: the National Council is primarily an advisory body

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial Service Commission)

Political parties and leaders: Congress of Democrats or COD [Ben ULENGA]; Democratic Turnhalle Alliance of Namibia or DTA [Katuutire KAURA president]; Monitor Action Group or MAG [Kosie PRETORIUS]; South West Africa People's Organization or SWAPO [Sam NUJOMA]; United Democratic Front or UDF [Justus GAROEB]


Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Leonard Nangolo IIPUMBU
In the us chancery: 1605 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,009
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 986-0540
In the us fax: [1] (202) 986-0443
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Jeffrey A. BADER
From the us embassy: Ausplan Building, 14 Lossen Street, Private Bag 12,029 Ausspannplatz, Windhoek
From the us mailing address: use embassy street address
From the us telephone: [264] (61) 221,601
From the us fax: [264] (61) 229,792

Flag descriptionflag of Namibia: a large blue triangle with a yellow sunburst fills the upper left section and an equal green triangle (solid) fills the lower right section; the triangles are separated by a red stripe that is contrasted by two narrow white-edge borders

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Namibia - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The economy is heavily dependent on the extraction and processing of minerals for export. Mining accounts for 20% of GDP. Namibia is the fourth-largest exporter of nonfuel minerals in Africa and the world's fifth-largest producer of uranium. Rich alluvial diamond deposits make Namibia a primary source for gem-quality diamonds. Namibia also produces large quantities of lead zinc tin silver and tungsten. Half of the population depends on agriculture (largely subsistence agriculture) for its livelihood. Namibia must import some of its food. Although per capita GDP is four times the per capita GDP of Africa's poorer countries the majority of Namibia's people live in pronounced poverty because of large-scale unemployment the great inequality of income distribution and the large amount of wealth going to foreigners. The Namibian economy has close links to South Africa. GDP growth in 2000 was led by gains in the diamond and fish sectors. Agreement has been reached on the privatization of several more enterprises in coming years which should stimulate long-run foreign investment. Growth in 2001 could be 5.5% provided the world economy remains stable.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 12%
Industry: 25%
Services: 63% (1999 est.)

Agriculture products: millet sorghum peanuts; livestock; fish

Industries: meatpacking fish processing dairy products; mining (diamond lead zinc tin silver tungsten uranium copper)

Industrial production growth rate: NA

Labor force: 500,000
By occupation agriculture: 47%
By occupation industry: 20%
By occupation services: 33% (1999 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 30% to 40% including underemployment (1997 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $883 million
Expenditures: $950 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1998)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 9.1% (2000)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $1.4 billion (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: diamonds copper gold zinc lead uranium; cattle processed fish karakul skins
Partners: UK 43% South Africa 26% Spain 14% France 8% Japan (1998 est.)

Imports: $1.6 billion (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel machinery and equipment chemicals
Partners: South Africa 81% US 4% Germany 2% (1997 est.)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $217 million (2000 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Namibian dollars per US dollar - 7.78307 (January 2001) 6.93983 (2000) 6.10948 (1999) 5.52828 (1998) 4.60796 (1997) 4.29935 (1996)

Namibia - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 1.198 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 2%
By source hydro: 98%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 1.948 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 56 million kWh (1999)

Electricity imports
Note: supplied by South Africa (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Namibia - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system
General assessment: good system; about 6 telephones for each 100 persons
Domestic: good urban services; fair rural service; microwave radio relay links major towns; connections to other populated places are by open wire; 100% digital
International: fiber-optic cable to South Africa, microwave radio relay link to Botswana, direct links to other neighboring countries; connected to Africa ONE and South African Far East (SAFE) submarine cables through South Africa; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .na

Internet users: 9,000 (1999)

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Namibia - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $104.4 million (2001)
Percent of gdp: 2.6% (FY97/98)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Namibia - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 131 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 21
With paved runways over 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 2
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 13
With paved runways 914 to 1523 m: 4 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 110
With unpaved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 2
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 21
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 69
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 18 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 21
Over 3047 m: 2
2438 to 3047 m: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 13
914 to 1523 m: 4 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 110
2438 to 3047 m: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 21
914 to 1523 m: 69
Under 914 m: 18 (2000 est.)



Total: 2,382 km
Narrow gauge: 2,382 km 1.067-m gauge; single track (1995)


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Namibia - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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