Statistical information Northern Mariana Islands 2001Northern%20Mariana%20Islands

Map of Northern Mariana Islands | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Northern Mariana Islands in the World
Northern Mariana Islands in the World


Northern Mariana Islands - Introduction 2001
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Background: Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.

Northern Mariana Islands - Geography 2001
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Location: Oceania islands in the North Pacific Ocean about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

Geographic coordinates: 15 12 N 145 45 E

Map referenceOceania

Total: 477 km²
Land: 477 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
Comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1482 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June rainy season July to October

Terrain: southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic

Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m

Natural resources: arable land: fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 21%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 19%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 60%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)

Note: strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean

Northern Mariana Islands - People 2001
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Population: 74,612 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 3.62% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Noun: NA
Adjective: NA

Ethnic groups: Chamorro Carolinians and other Micronesians Caucasian Japanese Chinese Korean

Note: 86% of population speaks a language other than English at home

Religions: Christian (Roman Catholic majority although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 23.55% (male 8,929; female 8,639)
15-64 years: 74.72% (male 26,242; female 29,509)
65 years and over: 1.73% (male 639; female 654) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.62% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 20.6 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 2.4 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 18 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution


Major urban areas

Current issues: contamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male/female
15-64 years: 0.89 male/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male/female
Total population: 0.92 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 5.7 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 75.74 years
Male: 72.65 years
Female: 79.02 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.76 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 97%
Male: 97%
Female: 96% (1980 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment

Northern Mariana Islands - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Conventional short form: Northern Mariana Islands
Former: Mariana Islands District (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

Government type: commonwealth; self-governing with locally elected governor lieutenant governor and legislature

Capital: Saipan

Administrative divisions: none (commonwealth in political union with the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government but there are four municipalities at the second order; Northern Islands Rota Saipan Tinian

Dependent areas

Independence: none (commonwealth in political union with the US)

National holiday: Commonwealth Day 8 January (1978)

Constitution: Covenant Agreement effective 4 November 1986 and the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands effective 1 January 1978

Legal system: based on US system except for customs wages immigration laws and taxation

International law organization participation


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; indigenous inhabitants are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections

Executive branch
Chief of state: President George W. BUSH of the US (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)
Head of government: Governor Pedro P. TENORIO (since NA January 1998) and Lieutenant Governor Jesus R. SABLAN (since NA January 1998)
Cabinet: NA
Elections: US president and vice president elected on the same ticket for four-year terms; governor and lieutenant governor elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held in NA November 1997 (next to be held NA November 2001)
Election results: Pedro P. TENORIO elected governor in a three-way race; percent of vote - Pedro P. TENORIO (Republican Party) 47%

Legislative branch
Elections: Senate - last held 9 November 1999 (next to be held NA November 2001); House of Representatives - last held 9 November 1999 (next to be held NA November 2001)
Election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Republican Party 6, Democratic Party 2, Reform Party 1; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - Republican Party 10, Democratic Party 8
Note: the Commonwealth does not have a nonvoting delegate in the US Congress; instead, it has an elected official or 'resident representative' located in Washington, DC; seats by party - Republican Party 1 (Juan N. BABAUTA)

Judicial branch: Commonwealth Supreme Court; Superior Court; Federal District Court

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party [Dr. Carlos S. CAMACHO]; Republican Party [Benigno R. FITIAL]

International organization participation: ESCAP (associate) Interpol (subbureau) SPC

Diplomatic representation

Flag descriptionflag of Northern%20Mariana%20Islands: blue with a white five-pointed star superimposed on the gray silhouette of a latte stone (a traditional foundation stone used in building) in the center surrounded by a wreath

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage

Northern Mariana Islands - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The economy benefits substantially from financial assistance from the US. The rate of funding has declined as locally generated government revenues have grown. The key tourist industry employs about 50% of the work force and accounts for roughly one-fourth of GDP. Japanese tourists predominate. Annual tourist entries have exceeded one-half million in recent years but financial difficulties in Japan have caused a temporary slowdown. The agricultural sector is made up of cattle ranches and small farms producing coconuts breadfruit tomatoes and melons. Garment production is by far the most important industry with employment of 12,000 mostly Chinese workers and sizable shipments to the US under duty and quota exemptions.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: coconuts fruits vegetables; cattle

Industries: tourism construction garments handicrafts

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 6,006 total indigenous labor force; 2,699 unemployed; 28,717 foreign workers (1995)
By occupation: NA
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Revenues: $221 million
Expenditures: $213 million, including capital expenditures of $17.7 million (1996)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues


Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 1.2% (1997 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $NA
Commodities: garments
Partners: US

Imports: $NA
Commodities: food construction equipment and materials petroleum products
Partners: US Japan

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: the US dollar is used

Northern Mariana Islands - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: NA kWh

Electricity consumption: NA kWh

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources


Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita

Northern Mariana Islands - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 1200 (1995)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: NA
International: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .mp

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions

Northern Mariana Islands - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups

Northern Mariana Islands - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 6 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 3
With paved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 2 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 3
With unpaved runways 2438 to 3047 m: 1
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 3
2438 to 3047 m: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 3
2438 to 3047 m: 1
Under 914 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Heliports: 1 (2000 est.)


Railways: 0 km


Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals

Northern Mariana Islands - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs

Austrian Airlines

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