Statistical information Palau 2001Palau

Map of Palau | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
Military | Transportation | Transnational Issues | Year:  | More stats

Palau in the World
Palau in the World

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Palau - Introduction 2001
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Background: After three decades as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific under US administration this westernmost cluster of the Caroline Islands opted for independent status in 1978 rather than join the Federated States of Micronesia. A Compact of Free Association with the US was approved in 1986 but not ratified until 1993. It entered into force the following year when the islands gained their independence.


Palau - Geography 2001
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Location: Oceania group of islands in the North Pacific Ocean southeast of the Philippines

Geographic coordinates: 7 30 N 134 30 E

Map referenceOceania

Area
Total: 458 km²
Land: 458 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly more than 2.5 times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 1519 km

Maritime claims
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
Extended fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 3 NM

Climate: wet season May to November; hot and humid

Terrain: varying geologically from the high mountainous main island of Babelthuap to low coral islands usually fringed by large barrier reefs

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Mount Ngerchelchauus 242 m

Natural resources: forests minerals (especially gold) marine products deep-seabed minerals
Land use

Land use
Arable land: NA%
Permanent crops: NA%
Permanent pastures: NA%
Forests and woodland: NA%
Other: NA%

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)

Geography
Note: includes World War II battleground of Beliliou (Peleliu) and world-famous rock islands; archipelago of six island groups totaling over 200 islands in the Caroline chain


Palau - People 2001
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Population: 19,092 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 1.69% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Palauan
Adjective: Palauan

Ethnic groups: Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 70% Asian (mainly Filipinos followed by Chinese Taiwanese and Vietnamese) 28% white 2% (2000 est.)

Languages: English and Palauan official in all states except Sonsoral (Sonsorolese and English are official) Tobi (Tobi and English are official) and Angaur (Angaur Japanese and English are official)

Religions: Christian (Catholics Seventh-Day Adventists Jehovah's Witnesses the Assembly of God the Liebenzell Mission and Latter-Day Saints) Modekngei religion (one-third of the population observes this religion which is indigenous to Palau)

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 26.88% (male 2,641; female 2,491)
15-64 years: 68.46% (male 7,128; female 5,943)
65 years and over: 4.66% (male 420; female 469) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 1.69% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 19.64 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 7.23 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 4.45 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: inadequate facilities for disposal of solid waste; threats to the marine ecosystem from sand and coral dredging illegal fishing practices and overfishing
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea
International agreements signed but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.06 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.06 male/female
15-64 years: 1.2 male/female
65 years and over: 0.9 male/female
Total population: 1.14 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 16.67 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 68.89 years
Male: 65.77 years
Female: 72.19 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.47 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 92%
Male: 93%
Female: 90% (1980 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Palau - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: Republic of Palau
Conventional short form: Palau
Local long form: Beluu er a Belau
Local short form: Belau
Former: Palau District (Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands)

Government type: constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 1 October 1994

Capital: Koror; note - a new capital is being built about 20 km northeast of Koror

Administrative divisions: 18 states; Aimeliik Airai Angaur Hatobohei Kayangel Koror Melekeok Ngaraard Ngarchelong Ngardmau Ngatpang Ngchesar Ngeremlengui Ngiwal Palau Island Peleliu Sonsoral Tobi

Dependent areas

Independence: 1 October 1994 (from the US-administered UN Trusteeship)

National holiday: Constitution Day 9 July (1979)

Constitution: 1 January 1981

Legal system: based on Trust Territory laws acts of the legislature municipal common and customary laws

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU Jr. (since 19 January 2001) and Vice President Sandra PIERANTOZZI (since 19 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Head of government: President Tommy Esang REMENGESAU Jr. (since 19 January 2001) and Vice President Sandra PIERANTOZZI (since 19 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Cabinet: Cabinet
Elections: president and vice president elected on separate tickets by popular vote for four-year terms; election last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)
Election results: Tommy Esang REMENGESAU Jr. elected president; percent of vote - Tommy Esang REMENGESAU Jr. 53%, Peter SUGIYAMA 46%; Sandra PIERANTOZZI elected vice president; percent of vote - Sandra PIERANTOZZI 52%, Alan SEID 45%

Legislative branch
Elections: Senate - last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004); House of Delegates - last held 7 November 2000 (next to be held NA November 2004)
Election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; House of Delegates - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA

Judicial branch: Supreme Court; National Court; Court of Common Pleas

Political parties and leaders: Palau Nationalist Party [Johnson TORIBIONG]; Ta Belau Party [Kuniwo NAKAMURA]

International organization participation: ACP ESCAP FAO IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA IFC IFRCS IMF IOC Sparteca SPC SPF UN UNCTAD UNESCO WHO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Hersey KYOTA
In the us chancery: 1150 18th Street NW, Suite 750, Washington, DC 20,036
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 452-6,814
In the us fax: [1] (202) 452-6,281
From the us chief of mission: the Ambassador to the Philippines is accredited to Palau; Charge d'Affaires Allen E. NUGENT
From the us embassy: address NA, Koror
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 6,028, Republic of Palau 96,940
From the us telephone: [680] 488-2,920, 2,990
From the us fax: [680] 488-2,911

Flag descriptionflag of Palau: light blue with a large yellow disk (representing the moon) shifted slightly to the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Palau - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The economy consists primarily of subsistence agriculture and fishing. The government is the major employer of the work force relying heavily on financial assistance from the US. The population enjoys a per capita income of twice that of the Philippines and much of Micronesia. Long-run prospects for the tourist sector have been greatly bolstered by the expansion of air travel in the Pacific and the rising prosperity of leading East Asian countries.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: -1.4% (1998 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: coconuts copra cassava (tapioca) sweet potatoes

Industries: tourism craft items (from shell wood pearls) construction garment making

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 8,300 (1999)
By occupation agriculture: NA%
By occupation industry: NA%
By occupation services: NA%
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 2.3% (2000 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $57.7 million
Expenditures: $80.8 million, including capital expenditures of $17.1 million (FY98/99 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: NA%

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $14.3 million (f.o.b. 1996)
Commodities: trochus (type of shellfish) tuna copra handicrafts
Partners: US Japan

Imports: $126 million (f.o.b. FY99/00)
Commodities: machinery and equipment fuels metals; foodstuffs
Partners: US

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $0 (FY99/00)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: the US dollar is used


Palau - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production

Electricity consumption

Electricity exports

Electricity imports

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Palau - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1988)

Telephone system
General assessment: NA
Domestic: NA
International: satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .pw

Internet users

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Palau - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $NA
Percent of gdp: NA%

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Palau - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 3 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 2
With unpaved runways 15-24 to 2437 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
15-24 to 2437 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 2
15-24 to 2437 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Palau - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


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