Statistical information Qatar 2001Qatar

Map of Qatar | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Qatar - Introduction 2001
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Background: Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues. During the late 1980s and early 1990s the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir who had ruled the country since 1972. He was overthrown by his son the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani in a bloodless coup in 1995. In 2001 Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. Oil and natural gas revenues enable Qatar to have a per capita income not far below the leading industrial countries of Western Europe.


Qatar - Geography 2001
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Location: Middle East peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia

Geographic coordinates: 25 30 N 51 15 E

Map referenceMiddle East

Area
Total: 11,437 km²
Land: 11,437 km²
Water: 0 km²
Comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Land boundaries
Total: 60 km
Border countries: (1) Saudi Arabia 60 km

Coastline: 563 km

Maritime claims
Contiguous zone: 24 NM
Exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: desert; hot dry; humid and sultry in summer

Terrain: mostly flat and barren desert covered with loose sand and gravel

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
Extremes highest point: Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m

Natural resources: petroleum natural gas fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 1%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 5%
Forests and woodland: 0%
Other: 94% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 80 km² (1993 est.)

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: haze dust storms sandstorms common

Geography
Note: strategic location in central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits


Qatar - People 2001
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Population: 769,152 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 3.18% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Qatari
Adjective: Qatari

Ethnic groups: Arab 40% Pakistani 18% Indian 18% Iranian 10% other 14%

Languages: Arabic (official) English commonly used as a second language

Religions: Muslim 95%

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 25.77% (male 101,155; female 97,086)
15-64 years: 71.75% (male 391,178; female 160,665)
65 years and over: 2.48% (male 13,625; female 5,443) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 3.18% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 15.91 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 4.26 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 20.12 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: limited natural fresh water resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
International agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection
International agreements signed but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.05 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.04 male/female
15-64 years: 2.43 male/female
65 years and over: 2.5 male/female
Total population: 1.92 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 21.44 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 72.62 years
Male: 70.16 years
Female: 75.21 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 3.17 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: 0.09% (1999 est.)
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 79%
Male: 79%
Female: 80% (1995 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Qatar - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: State of Qatar
Conventional short form: Qatar
Local long form: Dawlat Qatar
Local short form: Qatar
Note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar

Government type: traditional monarchy

Capital: Doha

Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (baladiyat singular - baladiyah); Ad Dawhah Al Ghuwayriyah Al Jumayliyah Al Khawr Al Wakrah Ar Rayyan Jarayan al Batinah Madinat ash Shamal Umm Salal

Dependent areas

Independence: 3 September 1971 (from UK)

National holiday: Independence Day 3 September (1971)

Constitution: provisional constitution enacted 19 April 1972; in July 1999 Amir HAMAD issued a decree forming a committee to draft a permanent constitution

Legal system: discretionary system of law controlled by the amir although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law is significant in personal matters

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: suffrage is limited to municipal elections

Executive branch
Chief of state: Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani (since 27 June 1995 when, as crown prince, he ousted his father, Amir KHALIFA bin Hamad Al Thani, in a bloodless coup); Crown Prince JASSIM bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, third son of the monarch (selected crown prince by the monarch 22 October 1996); note - Amir HAMAD also holds the positions of minister of defense and commander-in-chief of the armed forces
Head of government: Prime Minister ABDALLAH bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 30 October 1996); Deputy Prime Minister MUHAMMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, brother of the monarch (since 20 January 1998)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary
Note: in March 1999 Qatar held nationwide elections for a 29-member Central Municipal Council, which has consultative powers aimed at improving the provision of municipal services

Legislative branch
Note: the constitution calls for elections for part of this consultative body, but no elections have been held since 1970, when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have their terms extended every four years since

Judicial branch: Court of Appeal

Political parties and leaders: none

International organization participation: ABEDA AFESD AL AMF CCC ESCWA FAO G-77 GCC IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDB IFAD IFRCS IHO (pending member) ILO IMF IMO Inmarsat Intelsat Interpol IOC ISO (correspondent) ITU NAM OAPEC OIC OPCW OPEC UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WHO WIPO WMO WTrO

Diplomatic representation
In the us chief of mission: Ambassador Badr Umar al-DAFA
In the us chancery: 4,200 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20,016
In the us telephone: [1] (202) 274-1600
In the us fax: [1] (202) 237-0061
In the us consulates general: Houston
From the us chief of mission: Ambassador Elizabeth Davenport MCKUNE
From the us embassy: 22 February Road, Doha
From the us mailing address: P. O. Box 2,399, Doha
From the us telephone: [974] 488 4,101
From the us fax: [974] 488 4,298
From the us note: workweek is Saturday-Wednesday

Flag descriptionflag of Qatar: maroon with a broad white serrated band (nine white points) on the hoist side

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Qatar - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: Oil accounts for more than 30% of GDP roughly 80% of export earnings and 66% of government revenues. Proved oil reserves of 3.7 billion barrels should ensure continued output at current levels for 23 years. Oil has given Qatar a per capita GDP comparable to that of the leading West European industrial countries. Qatar's proved reserves of natural gas exceed 7 trillion cubic meters more than 5% of the world total third largest in the world. Production and export of natural gas are becoming increasingly important. Long-term goals feature the development of offshore petroleum and the diversification of the economy. In 2000 Qatar posted its highest ever trade surplus of $6 billion due mainly to high oil prices and increased natural gas exports.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: 4% (2000 est.)

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: 1%
Industry: 49%
Services: 50% (1996 est.)

Agriculture products: fruits vegetables; poultry dairy products beef; fish

Industries: crude oil production and refining fertilizers petrochemicals steel reinforcing bars cement

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 233,000 (1993 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: NA%

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $3.9 billion
Expenditures: $4 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 2.5% (2000)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $9.8 billion (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: petroleum products 80% fertilizers steel
Partners: Japan 52% Singapore 9% South Korea 8% US UAE (1998)

Imports: $3.8 billion (f.o.b. 2000 est.)
Commodities: machinery and transport equipment food chemicals
Partners: UK 10% Japan 8% Germany 6% US 6% Italy 6% (1998)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $13.1 billion (2000 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Qatari rials per US dollar - 3.6400 (fixed rate)


Qatar - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 9 billion kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 8.37 billion kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Qatar - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 43,476 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: modern system centered in Doha
Domestic: NA
International: tropospheric scatter to Bahrain; microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia and UAE; submarine cable to Bahrain and UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) and 1 Arabsat

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .qa

Internet users: 45,000 (2000)

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Qatar - Military 2001
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Military expenditures
Dollar figure: $723 million (FY00/01)
Percent of gdp: 10% (FY00/01)

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Qatar - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 4 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 2
With paved runways over 3047 m: 2 (2000 est.)
With unpaved runways total: 2
With unpaved runways 914 to 1523 m: 1
With unpaved runways under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 2
Over 3047 m: 2 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways
Total: 2
914 to 1523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Heliports: 1 (2000 est.)

Pipelines: crude oil 235 km; natural gas 400 km

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine
Total: 25 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 677,992 GRT/1,049,447 DWT
Ships by type: cargo 10, combination ore/oil 2, container 7, petroleum tanker 6 (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Qatar - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Airhelp


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