Statistical information Saint Helena 2001Saint%20Helena

Map of Saint Helena | Geography | People | Government | Economy | Energy | Communication
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Saint Helena in the World
Saint Helena in the World

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Saint Helena - Introduction 2001
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Background: Uninhabited when first discovered by the Portuguese in 1502 St. Helena was garrisoned by the British during the 17th century. It acquired fame as the place of Napoleon BONAPARTE's exile from 1815 until his death in 1821 but its importance as a port of call declined after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. Ascension Island is the site of a US Air Force auxiliary airfield; Gough Island has a meteorological station.


Saint Helena - Geography 2001
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Location: islands in the South Atlantic Ocean about mid-way between South America and Africa

Geographic coordinates: 15 56 S 5 42 W

Map referenceAfrica

Area
Total: 410 km²
Land: 410 km²
Water: 0 km²
Note: includes St. Helena Island, Ascension, and the island group of Tristan da Cunha, which consists of Tristan da Cunha Island, Gough Island, Inaccessible Island, and the three Nightingale Islands
Comparative: slightly more than two times the size of Washington DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 60 km

Maritime claims
Exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Territorial sea: 12 NM

Climate: Saint Helena - tropical; marine; mild tempered by trade winds; Tristan da Cunha - temperate; marine mild tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)

Terrain
Note: the other islands of the group have a volcanic origin

Elevation
Extremes lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Extremes highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha 2,060 m

Natural resources: fish
Land use

Land use
Arable land: 6%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 6%
Forests and woodland: 6%
Other: 82% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: NA km²

Major rivers

Major watersheds area km²

Total water withdrawal

Total renewable water resources

Natural hazards: active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha

Geography
Note: harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else in the world; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sooty terns


Saint Helena - People 2001
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Population: 7,266 (July 2001 est.)
Growth rate: 0.72% (2001 est.)
Below poverty line: NA%

Nationality
Noun: Saint Helenian
Adjective: Saint Helenian

Ethnic groups: African descent 50% white 25% Chinese 25%

Languages: English

Religions: Anglican (majority) Baptist Seventh-Day Adventist Roman Catholic

Demographic profile
Age structure

Age structure
0-14 years: 19.08% (male 699; female 687)
15-64 years: 71.72% (male 2,711; female 2,500)
65 years and over: 9.2% (male 286; female 383) (2001 est.)

Dependency ratios

Median age

Population growth rate: 0.72% (2001 est.)

Birth rate: 13.49 births/1000 population (2001 est.)

Death rate: 6.33 deaths/1000 population (2001 est.)

Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1000 population (2001 est.)

Population distribution

Urbanization

Major urban areas

Environment
Current issues: NA

Air pollutants

Sex ratio
At birth: 1.04 male/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male/female
15-64 years: 1.08 male/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male/female
Total population: 1.04 male/female (2001 est.)

Mothers mean age at first birth

Maternal mortality ratio

Infant mortality rate: 22.38 deaths/1000 live births (2001 est.)

Life expectancy at birth
Total population: 77.01 years
Male: 74.13 years
Female: 80.04 years (2001 est.)

Total fertility rate: 1.53 children born/woman (2001 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

Drinking water source

Current health expenditure

Physicians density

Hospital bed density

Sanitation facility access

Hiv/Aids
Adult prevalence rate: NA%
People living with hivaids: NA
Deaths: NA

Major infectious diseases

Obesity adult prevalence rate

Alcohol consumption

Tobacco use

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

Education expenditures

Literacy
Definition: age 20 and over can read and write
Total population: 97%
Male: 97%
Female: 98% (1987 est.)

School life expectancy primary to tertiary education

Youth unemployment


Saint Helena - Government 2001
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Country name
Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Saint Helena

Government type: NA

Capital: Jamestown

Administrative divisions: 1 administrative area and 2 dependencies*; Ascension* Saint Helena Tristan da Cunha*

Dependent areas

Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)

National holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II second Saturday in June (1926)

Constitution: 1 January 1989

Legal system: NA

International law organization participation

Citizenship

Suffrage: NA years of age

Executive branch
Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
Head of government: Governor and Commander in Chief David HOLLAMBY (since NA June 1999)
Cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, two ex officio officers, and six elected members of the Legislative Council
Elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor is appointed by the monarch

Legislative branch
Elections: last held 9 July 1997 (next to be held NA August 2001)
Election results: percent of vote - NA%; seats - independents 15

Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court; Small Debts Court; Juvenile Court

Political parties and leaders: none

International organization participation: ICFTU

Diplomatic representation
In the us: none (overseas territory of the UK)
From the us: none (overseas territory of the UK)

Flag descriptionflag of Saint%20Helena: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Saint Helenian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield features a rocky coastline and three-masted sailing ship

National symbols

National anthem

National heritage


Saint Helena - Economy 2001
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Economy overview: The economy depends largely on financial assistance from the UK which amounted to about $5 million in 1997 or almost one-half of annual budgetary revenues. The local population earns income from fishing the raising of livestock and sales of handicrafts. Because there are few jobs 25% of the work force has left to seek employment on Ascension Island on the Falklands and in the UK.

Real gdp purchasing power parity

Real gdp growth rate: NA%

Real gdp per capita ppp

Gross national saving
Gdp composition by sector of origin

Gdp composition by end use

Gdp composition by sector of origin
Agriculture: NA%
Industry: NA%
Services: NA%

Agriculture products: corn potatoes vegetables; timber; fish crawfish (on Tristan da Cunha)

Industries: construction crafts (furniture lacework fancy woodwork) fishing

Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force
Note: 1,200 of whom are working offshore
By occupation agriculture and fishing: 6%
By occupation industry (mainly construction): 48%
By occupation services: 46% (1987 est.)
Labor force

Unemployment rate: 14% (1998 est.)

Youth unemployment

Population below poverty line: NA%

Gini index

Household income or consumption by percentage share
Lowest 10: NA%
Highest 10: NA%

Distribution of family income gini index

Budget
Revenues: $11.2 million
Expenditures: $11 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY92)

Public debt

Taxes and other revenues

Revenue

Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Current account balance

Inflation rate consumer prices: 3.2% (1997 est.)

Central bank discount rate

Commercial bank prime lending rate

Stock of narrow money

Stock of broad money

Stock of domestic credit

Market value of publicly traded shares

Current account balance

Exports: $704,000 (f.o.b. 1995)
Commodities: fish (frozen canned and salt-dried skipjack tuna) coffee handicrafts
Partners: South Africa UK

Imports: $14.434 million (c.i.f. 1995)
Commodities: food beverages tobacco fuel oils animal feed building materials motor vehicles and parts machinery and parts
Partners: UK South Africa

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

Debt external: $NA

Stock of direct foreign investment at home

Stock of direct foreign investment abroad

Exchange rates: Saint Helenian pounds per US dollar - 0.6764 (January 2001) 0.6596 (2000) 0.6180 (1999) 0.6037 (1998) 0.6047 (1997) 0.6403 (1996); note - the Saint Helenian pound is at par with the British pound


Saint Helena - Energy 2001
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Electricity access

Electricity production: 6 million kWh (1999)
By source fossil fuel: 100%
By source hydro: 0%
By source nuclear: 0%
By source other: 0% (1999)

Electricity consumption: 5.6 million kWh (1999)

Electricity exports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity imports: 0 kWh (1999)

Electricity installed generating capacity

Electricity transmission distribution losses

Electricity generation sources

Petroleum

Refined petroleum

Natural gas

Carbon dioxide emissions

Energy consumption per capita


Saint Helena - Communication 2001
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Telephones fixed lines

Telephones mobile cellular: 0 (1997)

Telephone system
General assessment: can communicate with any place in the world
Domestic: automatic network
International: HF radiotelephone from Saint Helena to Ascension which is a major coaxial submarine cable relay point between South Africa, Portugal, and UK ; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)

Broadcast media

Internet country code: .sh

Internet users: NA

Broadband fixed subscriptions


Saint Helena - Military 2001
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Military expenditures

Military and security forces

Military service age and obligation

Terrorist groups


Saint Helena - Transportation 2001
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National air transport system

Civil aircraft registration country code prefix

Airports: 1 (2000 est.)
With paved runways total: 1
With paved runways over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with paved runways
Total: 1
Over 3047 m: 1 (2000 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

Heliports

Pipelines

Railways: 0 km

Roadways

Waterways: none

Merchant marine: none (2000 est.)

Ports and terminals


Saint Helena - Transnational issues 2001
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Disputes international

Refugees and internally displaced persons

Illicit drugs


Condor


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